Addiction

Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder May Improve Sleep Quality

Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder May Improve Sleep Quality

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Patients receiving buprenorphine maintenance therapy for their opioid use disorder may have impaired sleep, although they report improvements in both quality and duration of sleep.

Substance Abuse May Accelerate Onset of Motor Symptoms in Huntington's Disease

Substance Abuse May Accelerate Onset of Motor Symptoms in Huntington's Disease

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Early onset of motor symptoms related to substance abuse appeared to significantly affect women compared with men.

Strategies for Treating Benzodiazepine Dependence

Strategies for Treating Benzodiazepine Dependence

Prescriptions for benzodiazepine lasting 2-3 months or more and marked dose increases should be avoided.

VIDEO: Opioid Addiction May Be Linked to Genetic Variant

New research suggests that opioid addiction may be linked to a genetic variant, and more personalized treatment may help those with the change.

Social Cognition May Be Compromised in Alcohol Use Disorder

Social Cognition May Be Compromised in Alcohol Use Disorder

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Results indicate that patients with AUD show significant impairments in social problem resolution task.

Elderly May Be at Lower Risk of Opioid Abuse

Elderly May Be at Lower Risk of Opioid Abuse

Patients who underwent thoracic surgery were at the greatest risk of long-term opioid use.

Buprenorphine Implant Effective for Reducing Opioid Dependence

Buprenorphine Implant Effective for Reducing Opioid Dependence

The 6-month implant is more expensive than the pills, costing about $4,900 -- or more than $800 a month.

Opioid Medications to Get New Boxed Warnings

Opioid Medications to Get New Boxed Warnings

Revised labeling will occur across all types of opioids.

CDC Issues Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

CDC Issues Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

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The new guidelines come in the wake of an opioid overdose epidemic in the U.S.

How Effective Are Opioids at Managing Neuropathic Pain?

How Effective Are Opioids at Managing Neuropathic Pain?

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Opioid prescriptions for patients with neuropathic pain may not improve their physical function or disability.

Nicotine Addiction May Have an Off Switch

Nicotine Addiction May Have an Off Switch

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Investigators honed in on a specific lipid transmitter, the endogenous cannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and found that inhibition of its enzymatic biosynthesis by diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL) restores the gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) functionality compromised by chronic nicotine exposure.

Majority Continue to Receive Opioid Prescriptions After Overdose

Majority Continue to Receive Opioid Prescriptions After Overdose

More than 90% of patients with chronic pain continue to receive prescription opioids even after an overdose.

FDA Approves Narcan Nasal Spray to Reverse Opioid Overdose

FDA Approves Narcan Nasal Spray to Reverse Opioid Overdose

The drug can reverse the effects of opioid overdose in as little as 2 minutes.

President Obama Unveils Health Care Partnerships to Combat Opioid Abuse

President Obama Unveils Health Care Partnerships to Combat Opioid Abuse

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Over 40 health care provider groups have committed to opioid prescriber training over the next 2 years.

Opioid Prescribing Practices Need to Be Improved

Opioid Prescribing Practices Need to Be Improved

The CDC found that only a small number of doctors are responsible for large amounts of opioid prescriptions.

Rates of Nonmedical Opioid Use, Treatment Not Improving

Rates of Nonmedical Opioid Use, Treatment Not Improving

The prevalence of prescription opioid use disorder grew from 2003 to 2013.

Preexisting Conditions Can Complicate Concussion Diagnosis

Preexisting Conditions Can Complicate Concussion Diagnosis

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Girls with a history of a psychiatric condition, substance abuse, or ADHD were more likely to report concussion-like symptoms.

Guidelines for Treating Opioid Abuse Released

Guidelines for Treating Opioid Abuse Released

The guidelines recommend that first responders be trained to use the opioid blocker naloxone.

Access to Mental Health Services Important for Chronic Pain Patients

Access to Mental Health Services Important for Chronic Pain Patients

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Depression, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation are commonly reported in patients who have chronic pain.

Heavy Drinking for Chronic Pain? Not So Fast

Heavy Drinking for Chronic Pain? Not So Fast

Chronic drinking only causes further deterioration, U.S. physicians warn.

Narcotic Stimulants May Affect Grey Matter Volume

Narcotic Stimulants May Affect Grey Matter Volume

It's not clear why a reduction in grey matter volume was only observed in women.

Smokers, Drug Abusers More Likely to Abuse Opioids

Smokers, Drug Abusers More Likely to Abuse Opioids

People with a history of smoking or abusing drugs are at the highest risk of using opioids for the long-term.

Physicians Misinformed And Unaware Of Opioid Dangers

Physicians Misinformed And Unaware Of Opioid Dangers

Physicians, as well as patients, are unaware and misinformed of the dangers that come with opioid use

Transcutaneous Electric Acupoint Stimulation May Relieve Withdrawal Pain

Transcutaneous Electric Acupoint Stimulation May Relieve Withdrawal Pain

TEAS treatment for 10 days cut rescue opioid requirement.

Naltrexone May Be Effective for Methamphetamine Addiction

Naltrexone May Be Effective for Methamphetamine Addiction

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The drug helps to reduce the "high" that users experience from the drug.

Binge Drinking During Teens Contributes to Anxiety, Alcoholism in Adulthood

Binge Drinking During Teens Contributes to Anxiety, Alcoholism in Adulthood

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The effects of binge drinking in adolescence last throughout adulthood, according to results from a study in rats.

FDA Issues Final Guidance on Abuse-Deterrent Opioids

FDA Issues Final Guidance on Abuse-Deterrent Opioids

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The guidance includes studies that the FDA believes should be conducted in order to demonstrate that a opioid formula has abuse-deterrent properties.

Brain Protein May Be Manipulated to Control Binge Drinking

Brain Protein May Be Manipulated to Control Binge Drinking

The findings could have implications for treatment and prevention of alcohol addiction disorders.

Beliefs About Nicotine Override Addiction Pathways in the Brain

Beliefs About Nicotine Override Addiction Pathways in the Brain

Those that thought they smoked cigarettes with nicotine had increased brain activity compared to those who were told their cigarettes were nicotine-free.

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