ADHD

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of ADHD is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Anomalous Brain Structure ID'd in Preschoolers With ADHD

Anomalous Brain Structure ID'd in Preschoolers With ADHD

Reductions in bilateral frontal, parietal, and temporal lobe gray matter volumes found in ADHD.

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal use of SSRIs before conception is linked to an increased risk of ADHD in offspring.

Alterations in Cerebral Morphometrics Can Help Identify ADHD

Alterations in Cerebral Morphometrics Can Help Identify ADHD

No overall difference in terms of total brain volume or total gray and white matter volume for children with ADHD and control subjects was observed.

Psychostimulants in Pregnancy Associated With Increased Risk of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth

Psychostimulants in Pregnancy Associated With Increased Risk of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth

There is an increased relative risk of preclampsia linked with psychostimulant use while pregnant.

ADHD Treatment May Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

ADHD Treatment May Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

Patients who take medication for ADHD may have a lower risk of developing a substance abuse disorder.

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

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Significant differences in volume were apparent in the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen.

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Children with medium to low adherence to the diet had a 3 to 7 times greater risk of ADHD.

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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PRS presents a good tool to measure genetic loading of ADHD variants, suggesting which cases are most likely to persist.

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

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A diagnosis of autism is associated with a doubled risk for a variety of substance use-related problems including drug and alcohol use disorders.

Poor Diet During Pregnancy May Increase Risk of ADHD

Poor Diet During Pregnancy May Increase Risk of ADHD

DNA methylation may occur as a result of poor nutrition during pregnancy.

Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Behavior Problems

Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Behavior Problems

No similar association was seen in mothers who used acetaminophen after delivery, nor with paternal use.

Epilepsy, Febrile Seizures May Raise ADHD Risk in Children

Epilepsy, Febrile Seizures May Raise ADHD Risk in Children

The 2 conditions combined produced a risk more than 3 times greater than for those without the conditions.

Brain Structure, Function Differs in Patients With ADHD, OCD

Brain Structure, Function Differs in Patients With ADHD, OCD

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Similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but differences exist in brain structure and function.

Behavioral Therapy Before Medication in ADHD, CDC Says

Behavioral Therapy Before Medication in ADHD, CDC Says

The CDC is encouraging health care professionals to explain the benefits of behavioral therapy to parents.

ADHD Meds Linked to Lower Bone Density in Children

ADHD Meds Linked to Lower Bone Density in Children

About 25% of children in the study had lower than normal levels.

ADHD Linked to Obesity in Young, Adolescent Females

ADHD Linked to Obesity in Young, Adolescent Females

The association was found to be significant for females, but not males.

Weakened Brain Network Connectivity Observed in ADHD

Weakened Brain Network Connectivity Observed in ADHD

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Children with ADHD had weaker connections between the salience, default mode, and central executive networks.

Quality Evidence Lacking for Methylphenidate in ADHD

Quality Evidence Lacking for Methylphenidate in ADHD

Long-term, large, better-quality trials are needed to better asses efficacy.

ADHD Stimulants Linked to Sleep Problems in Children

ADHD Stimulants Linked to Sleep Problems in Children

Methylphenidate medications like Ritalin and amphetamines like Adderall cause sleep problems.

Premature Infants Have Weakened Brain Network Connectivity

Premature Infants Have Weakened Brain Network Connectivity

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The functional and structural differences observed in preemies contributes to increased risk of developing behavioral and emotional disorders.

Preexisting Conditions Can Complicate Concussion Diagnosis

Preexisting Conditions Can Complicate Concussion Diagnosis

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Girls with a history of a psychiatric condition, substance abuse, or ADHD were more likely to report concussion-like symptoms.

ADHD Diagnosis May Delay Diagnosis of Autism

ADHD Diagnosis May Delay Diagnosis of Autism

Co-occurrence of ADHD, autism is associated with a later autism diagnosis date.

Premature Birth, Poor Fetal Growth Linked to ADHD Risk

Premature Birth, Poor Fetal Growth Linked to ADHD Risk

Those among lowest and highest weight percentages may have greater risk of ADHD as well.

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to ADHD Diagnosis in Adults

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to ADHD Diagnosis in Adults

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TBI may cause neuro-psychological changes resulting in an ADHD diagnosis.

ADHD Prescriptions More Than Doubled in a Decade in UK

ADHD Prescriptions More Than Doubled in a Decade in UK

Scripts for ADHD medications in the U.k. more than doubled in the last 10 years.

ADHD Drug May Boost Cognition in Menopause

ADHD Drug May Boost Cognition in Menopause

Results suggest that lisdexamfetamine might help with concentration and thought organization.

Premature Infants Have Reduced Brain Connectivity in Thalamus, Cortex

Premature Infants Have Reduced Brain Connectivity in Thalamus, Cortex

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Reduced brain connectivity puts preterm infants at a greater risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders.

Prenatal Exposure to Pollution Alters Fetal White Matter

Prenatal Exposure to Pollution Alters Fetal White Matter

A small cohort from a larger study indicated prenatal exposure to pollution affected fetal white matter, which could result in ADHD, other developmental problems.

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