Autism Spectrum Disorder

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

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There are currently no approved pharmacological treatments that address these core symptoms of ASD.

Controversial New Research Changes the Narrative on Hans Asperger

Controversial New Research Changes the Narrative on Hans Asperger

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Medical records of 48 children examined by Asperger show that he specifically called for 12 of the children to be transferred to the Am Spieglegrund facility, the 'euthanasia' institution founded in 1940.

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

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Although compensating for their difficulties may help people with ASD connect with others, get jobs, and successfully navigate social situations, accumulating research suggests it can also lead to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, and depression.

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of ADHD is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Vaccination rates were significantly lower among younger siblings of children with ASD.

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adults With Autism

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adults With Autism

Researchers reported the results of a stereological analysis of the number of neurons in the amygdala nuclei to compare neurotypical development to autism spectrum disorder development.

Prenatal Ultrasound Penetration Differs in Children With Autism

Prenatal Ultrasound Penetration Differs in Children With Autism

The group with ASD had a greater mean depth of ultrasonographic penetration in the first trimester compared with the developmental delay group.

Folate Supplementation May Help Reduce Autistic Traits in Children Exposed to AEDs In Utero

Folate Supplementation May Help Reduce Autistic Traits in Children Exposed to AEDs In Utero

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Children who are exposed to AEDs in utero may have a reduced risk of autistic traits.

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

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Although the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder is known to be more common among males than among females in the general population, information on sex-specific recurrence patterns is lacking.

Autism Risk Reduced With Maternal Multivitamin Use

Autism Risk Reduced With Maternal Multivitamin Use

Lower odds of ASD with intellectual disability were seen in the maternal multivitamin use group with or without additional iron or folic acid.

Melatonin Effective for Children With Autism and Insomnia

Melatonin Effective for Children With Autism and Insomnia

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The treatment was effective in patients with autism with or without comorbid ADHD or neurogenetic disorders.

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Investigators have developed guidelines to follow for the use of art therapy in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Evaluating Risk of Autism

Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Evaluating Risk of Autism

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Antidepressant use before conception was associated with a higher risk of autism spectrum disorders compared with antidepressant use during pregnancy.

Special Diets, Supplements for Autism Not Backed by Solid Evidence

Special Diets, Supplements for Autism Not Backed by Solid Evidence

All of the studies were small, including anywhere from 12 to 92 children, and they typically lasted less than 6 months.

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Infants at risk for autism do better if therapists train parents to communicate more effectively.

FDA: Beware of Purported Autism Cures, Treatments

FDA: Beware of Purported Autism Cures, Treatments

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The FDA has warned and/or taken action against a number of companies that have made improper claims about the intended use of their products to treat or cure autism.

Early Autism Diagnosis Continues to Face Roadblocks

Early Autism Diagnosis Continues to Face Roadblocks

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Despite increased awareness, barriers to earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder still persist.

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

An open-label study examined the effects of fecal microbiota transfer on symptoms of autism.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

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Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

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A diagnosis of autism is associated with a doubled risk for a variety of substance use-related problems including drug and alcohol use disorders.

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Although PCB chemicals were banned int he 1970s, they still linger in the environment.

Modified Checklist With Follow-Up Effective for Autism Diagnosis

Modified Checklist With Follow-Up Effective for Autism Diagnosis

Administration of the M-CHAT/F can be done by minimally trained PCPs.

Gender, Race Impact Familial Autism Risk

Gender, Race Impact Familial Autism Risk

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The rate of autism diagnosis was 11.3% for those with an older sibling with autism, and .92% for those without.

Hearing Impairment May Help Identify Autism Risk, Severity

Hearing Impairment May Help Identify Autism Risk, Severity

Children with autism had a hearing deficit within a specific frequency.

No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism, New Study Says

No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism, New Study Says

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The results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.

Olanzapine, Risperidone Tied to Weight Gain in Autism

Olanzapine, Risperidone Tied to Weight Gain in Autism

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Ziprasidone and quetiapine were not associated with an increase in BMI.

Despite Health Insurance Mandates, Autism Still Underdiagnosed

Despite Health Insurance Mandates, Autism Still Underdiagnosed

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The authors suggest that it's "perhaps not a fair direct comparison" to note that the CDC&P estimate of community prevalence for ASD is 15 per 1000 children.

Prevalence of Autism in Epilepsy Suggests Shared Etiology

Prevalence of Autism in Epilepsy Suggests Shared Etiology

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future ASD in patients with epilepsy

High Folate, B12 Levels in Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk

High Folate, B12 Levels in Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk

Researchers will now have to explore the optimal dose for the supplements.

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