In future research, it will be important to examine whether more subtle, transient CNS changes occur in the absence of severe CNS symptoms.
Despite feeling recovered from their concussion, participants were likely to drive erratically.
Female athletes face a greater incidence of and longer recovery time from concussion compared with males.
In people who are genetically at-risk for Alzheimer's, concussions appear to accelerate brain changes associated with the disease.
Participants who performed light, moderate, or full-contact activity had a lower risk for postconcussive symptoms.
SPECT imaging can be more accurate in the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder than CT or MRI.
The authors have filed a patent application for their test.
Most laws focus specifically on athletes, however all athletes are students as well.
While many lesions remained at 1 year, reductions in lesion volume correlated with improved neurologic outcomes.
Levels of neurofilament light protein and amyloid β reflect CNS injury after repeated mild traumatic brain injury events.
TBI in childhood and adolescence was associated with low education attainment and premature death.
The devices are the first of their kind to be granted marketing approval by the FDA.
Risk of symptom spikes appeared to be linked to an abrupt increase in mental activity.
The findings indicate that long-term damage from concussions should be a concern for all athletes.
Certain football-specific stances were also associated with greater head impact.
The changes in white matter negatively correlated with acute concussion symptoms.
The rise may account for improved diagnosis.
Notably, there was no association found between TBI with LOC and dementia.
The average number of concussions was just over 2 per person.
Repetitive, sub-concussive hits to the head are associated with near point of convergence.
Girls reported more symptoms of concussion after a poor night's sleep.
High school athletes are more likely than college athletes to demonstrate post-concussion symptoms.
Most patients underestimate their degree of sleep disturbance.
Insufficiencies in adrenal, thyroid, and growth hormone were noted.
Athletes with mental distress took twice as long to recover from concussion.
The biomarker can help identify TBI in patients whose symptoms have late onset.
Changing the stigma around and frequency of injury in football requires a collaborative, educational effort involving all stakeholders.
The readily available assessment could help identify patients in need of closer assessment.
Since the new rules were implemented, knee, ankle, and leg injuries increased significantly.
Those with loose-fitting helmets had higher rates of drowsiness, hyperexcitability, and noise sensitivity.
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