Several mechanisms involving trigeminovascular activation are often proposed in the literature as mechanisms underlying nonhemorrhagic headache in patients with AVM.
The extent of patients' pain showed significant associations with age and burden of the headache.
During headache, patients with chronic migraine had greater activity in the right anterior hypothalamic region than patients with episodic or no migraine.
As many as 80% of patients with migraine experience photophobia, which can occur during or between attacks.
In patients with migraine, structural and functional changes occur in brain regions that are not directly involved in processing pain signals.
Serum 25(OH) D levels were significantly lower in patients with chronic tension-type headache compared with in control patients.
The device is applied to the neck and transmits a mild electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve.
Fetal growth restriction is characterized by a birthweight below the tenth percentile, according to gender and gestational age.
Women with a history of migraine are at increased risk for developing hypertension.
Participants who were considered obese or under weight faced a greater risk of migraine.
The study found a strong link between chronic migraine and psychological symptoms and beliefs that contribute to disability.
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