Neurobehavioral Disorders

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children,

TMS Device Cleared to Treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

TMS Device Cleared to Treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain.

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents.

OCD in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Features Distinct Phenotype, Associated Symptoms

OCD in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Features Distinct Phenotype, Associated Symptoms

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Investigators aim to facilitate early recognition and consideration for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and internalizing psychiatric symptoms.

Addressing Psychiatric Comorbidities in Pediatric Epilepsy: Expert Opinions

Addressing Psychiatric Comorbidities in Pediatric Epilepsy: Expert Opinions

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Cognitive and linguistic deficits have been cited as risk factors for psychiatric comorbidity in pediatric epilepsy, along with family factors such as parenting style and quality of the parent-child relationship.

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD among adolescents.

In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

Food insecurity may be linked to behavioral problems and poorer cognitive performance in children.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

Cannabis use is associated with psychosis symptoms during adolescence.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Non-Drug Therapy in Peds ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Non-Drug Therapy in Peds ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of non-pharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Increase in Pediatric ADHD Meds Exposures from 2000 to 2011

Increase in Pediatric ADHD Meds Exposures from 2000 to 2011

From 2000 through 2011 there was an increase in pediatric ADHD medication exposures reported to US poison control centers.

Handgrip Strength Predicts Cognitive Function in Bipolar Disorder, Major Depression

Handgrip Strength Predicts Cognitive Function in Bipolar Disorder, Major Depression

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Handgrip strength was significantly associated with improved visual memory reaction time, prospective memory, and reasoning in patients with bipolar disorder.

Trintellix Labeling Updated With Data on Improved Processing Speed in MDD

Trintellix Labeling Updated With Data on Improved Processing Speed in MDD

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Lundbeck announced that the FDA has approved a sNDA for Trintellix to include data regarding improved processing speed.

IV Methylprednisolone Reduces Duration of Kleine-Levin Syndrome Episodes

IV Methylprednisolone Reduces Duration of Kleine-Levin Syndrome Episodes

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A team of investigators assessed the effect of intravenous administration of methylprednisolone on duration of episodes in adolescent and young adult patients with Kleine-Levin syndrome.

Micronutrient Levels May Be Altered in ADHD

Micronutrient Levels May Be Altered in ADHD

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Levels of magnesium, folate, vitamin B12, zinc, and vitamin D 25-OH were significantly altered in children with ADHD.

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

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Although compensating for their difficulties may help people with ASD connect with others, get jobs, and successfully navigate social situations, accumulating research suggests it can also lead to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, and depression.

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of ADHD is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Anomalous Brain Structure ID'd in Preschoolers With ADHD

Anomalous Brain Structure ID'd in Preschoolers With ADHD

Reductions in bilateral frontal, parietal, and temporal lobe gray matter volumes found in ADHD.

Relapse in Major Depression Linked to Brain Cortical Changes

Relapse in Major Depression Linked to Brain Cortical Changes

For patients with major depressive disorde, relapse is associated with brain cortical changes over two years.

Neural Markers of Depression Resilience ID'd in Female Teens

Neural Markers of Depression Resilience ID'd in Female Teens

Adolescent females at high familial risk of depression who do not go on to develop depression have compensatory functional connectivity patterns in emotion regulatory networks.

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.

PTSD Symptoms May Benefit From Closed-Loop Neurotechnology

PTSD Symptoms May Benefit From Closed-Loop Neurotechnology

Use of HIRREM, a closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic, stimulation neurotechnology can reduce PTSD symptoms, insomnia and depression in veterans.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Effective Add-On for Bipolar Depression

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Effective Add-On for Bipolar Depression

For adults with bipolar depression, tDCS seems to be safe and effective as an add-on intervention.

Understanding Poststroke Depression: Risk Factors and Treatment

Understanding Poststroke Depression: Risk Factors and Treatment

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Depression is one of the most commonly reported complications resulting from stroke.

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal use of SSRIs before conception is linked to an increased risk of ADHD in offspring.

Alterations in Cerebral Morphometrics Can Help Identify ADHD

Alterations in Cerebral Morphometrics Can Help Identify ADHD

No overall difference in terms of total brain volume or total gray and white matter volume for children with ADHD and control subjects was observed.

Suboptimal Neuromotor Development May Increase Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia

Suboptimal Neuromotor Development May Increase Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia

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Nonoptimal infant neuromotor development was linked to genetic risk for schizophrenia, but not bipolar disorder.

Brexanolone Shows Promise for Postpartum Depression

Brexanolone Shows Promise for Postpartum Depression

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Brexanolone was well tolerated among study participants.

Psychostimulants in Pregnancy Associated With Increased Risk of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth

Psychostimulants in Pregnancy Associated With Increased Risk of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth

There is an increased relative risk of preclampsia linked with psychostimulant use while pregnant.

Frequency of Migraine Associated With Depression, Anxiety

Frequency of Migraine Associated With Depression, Anxiety

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Frequency of migraine with or without aura may be correlated with symptoms of anxiety and depression.

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