Neurobehavioral Disorders

Increased Mortality in Parkinson's Disease Linked to Low Antidepressant Adherence

Increased Mortality in Parkinson's Disease Linked to Low Antidepressant Adherence

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Given the prevalence of depression in Parkinson's disease and the effectiveness of antidepressants, health care providers should promote adherence in clinical practice.

Patients With Intellectual Disability More Susceptible to Movement Side Effects of Antipsychotics

Patients With Intellectual Disability More Susceptible to Movement Side Effects of Antipsychotics

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Incidence of neuroleptic malignant syndrome, akathisia, and parkinsonism was higher in the ID group.

Guidelines Update: Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome

Guidelines Update: Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome

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A panel of clinicians from different pediatric fields have developed new guidelines for the treatment of PANS.

Youth Bipolar Disorder Does Not Impact Cognitive Function in Adulthood

Youth Bipolar Disorder Does Not Impact Cognitive Function in Adulthood

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Youth who have bipolar disorder are not affected by a decline in cognitive function into adulthood.

Association of Migraine and PTSD In Pregnant Women

Association of Migraine and PTSD In Pregnant Women

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The findings suggest the importance of screening for posttraumatic stress disorder in this population.

Epilepsy Diagnosis, Outcomes Associated With Depression Severity

Epilepsy Diagnosis, Outcomes Associated With Depression Severity

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Previous research has found a higher prevalence of depression before and after an epilepsy diagnosis.

SSRI vs tDCS for Depression: Which is Better?

SSRI vs tDCS for Depression: Which is Better?

Escitalopram may be better for the treatment of depression than tDCS.

Can Prolonged Estrogen Exposure Stave Off Depression?

Can Prolonged Estrogen Exposure Stave Off Depression?

The longer women are exposed to estrogen during reproductive years, the less likely they are to be depressed.

ADHD Treatment May Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

ADHD Treatment May Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

Patients who take medication for ADHD may have a lower risk of developing a substance abuse disorder.

Medication May Influence Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Dementia Link

Medication May Influence Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Dementia Link

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Treatment with psychotropic medications may influence dementia risk in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Social Stigma May Negatively Impact Treatment Adherence in Schizophrenia

Social Stigma May Negatively Impact Treatment Adherence in Schizophrenia

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Poor adherence to antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia may be attributable to socially negative representations of schizophrenia.

Gender Differences in Depression Evident in Early Adolescence

Gender Differences in Depression Evident in Early Adolescence

Overall, depression affects significantly more women than men.

Polypharmacy in Schizophrenia May Have Adverse Effect on Cognition

Polypharmacy in Schizophrenia May Have Adverse Effect on Cognition

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Patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and psychotic bipolar disorder were examined for anticholinergic burden.

Off-Label Use of Antipsychotics in Veterans With PTSD, Dementia

Off-Label Use of Antipsychotics in Veterans With PTSD, Dementia

Veterans with comorbid PTSD and dementia were more likely to be prescribed second-generation antipsychotics.

Epilepsy Risk May Increase After Incident Depression

Epilepsy Risk May Increase After Incident Depression

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Underlying pathophysiological mechanisms may connect depression and epilepsy.

Strategies for Treating Benzodiazepine Dependence

Strategies for Treating Benzodiazepine Dependence

Prescriptions for benzodiazepine lasting 2-3 months or more and marked dose increases should be avoided.

In Multiple Sclerosis, Anxiety May Signal Depression

In Multiple Sclerosis, Anxiety May Signal Depression

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A study aimed to clarify the relationship between anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Depression, Schizophrenia Identified With Objective Blood Biomarker

Depression, Schizophrenia Identified With Objective Blood Biomarker

NMDA receptor signaling is increased in patients with depression and reduced in those with schizophrenia.

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

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Significant differences in volume were apparent in the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen.

Diagnosing Depression in Dementia: Available Tools

Diagnosing Depression in Dementia: Available Tools

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As dementia worsens, caregivers often have to report symptoms on behalf of the patient, and they tend to report more depressive symptoms than patients do.

Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Depression

Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Depression

Self-guided iCBT was more effective for depressive symptom severity and treatment response.

CPAP for Sleep Apnea May Also Improve PTSD in Veterans

CPAP for Sleep Apnea May Also Improve PTSD in Veterans

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Prior research has speculated that PTSD may be caused in part by an underlying REM sleep dysfunction that is amplified by OSA.

Collaborative Approach More Effective for Geriatric Depression

Collaborative Approach More Effective for Geriatric Depression

Among older adults with subthreshold depression, collaborative care was linked to a decrease in PHQ-9 scores.

Acute Stroke Risk Elevated in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

Acute Stroke Risk Elevated in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

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Psychological distress may cause changes within cells that trigger inflammation and oxidative stress, both of which are believed to increase stroke risk.

Drug Use Affecting Central Nervous System Increasing Among Seniors

Drug Use Affecting Central Nervous System Increasing Among Seniors

Nearly half of seniors taking these drug combinations didn't have a formal diagnosis of a mental health condition, insomnia, or pain condition.

Addressing Comorbid Depression in Epilepsy: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Addressing Comorbid Depression in Epilepsy: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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There are several drug-based and non-pharmacological treatments available that can help reduce symptoms of depression in patients with epilepsy.

Effect of Depression and Anxiety on Cognition in Parkinson's Disease

Effect of Depression and Anxiety on Cognition in Parkinson's Disease

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Comorbid psychological conditions affect cognitive function in Parkinson's disease, and treatment can be complicated by overlapping symptoms.

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Children with medium to low adherence to the diet had a 3 to 7 times greater risk of ADHD.

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

An open-label study examined the effects of fecal microbiota transfer on symptoms of autism.

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

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Effectively treating pain may help improve cognitive and functional outcomes in patients with depression.

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