Neurobehavioral Disorders

Social Stigma May Negatively Impact Treatment Adherence in Schizophrenia

Social Stigma May Negatively Impact Treatment Adherence in Schizophrenia

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Poor adherence to antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia may be attributable to socially negative representations of schizophrenia.

Gender Differences in Depression Evident in Early Adolescence

Gender Differences in Depression Evident in Early Adolescence

Overall, depression affects significantly more women than men.

Polypharmacy in Schizophrenia May Have Adverse Effect on Cognition

Polypharmacy in Schizophrenia May Have Adverse Effect on Cognition

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Patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and psychotic bipolar disorder were examined for anticholinergic burden.

Off-Label Use of Antipsychotics in Veterans With PTSD, Dementia

Off-Label Use of Antipsychotics in Veterans With PTSD, Dementia

Veterans with comorbid PTSD and dementia were more likely to be prescribed second-generation antipsychotics.

Epilepsy Risk May Increase After Incident Depression

Epilepsy Risk May Increase After Incident Depression

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Underlying pathophysiological mechanisms may connect depression and epilepsy.

Strategies for Treating Benzodiazepine Dependence

Strategies for Treating Benzodiazepine Dependence

Prescriptions for benzodiazepine lasting 2-3 months or more and marked dose increases should be avoided.

In Multiple Sclerosis, Anxiety May Signal Depression

In Multiple Sclerosis, Anxiety May Signal Depression

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A study aimed to clarify the relationship between anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Depression, Schizophrenia Identified With Objective Blood Biomarker

Depression, Schizophrenia Identified With Objective Blood Biomarker

NMDA receptor signaling is increased in patients with depression and reduced in those with schizophrenia.

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

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Significant differences in volume were apparent in the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen.

Diagnosing Depression in Dementia: Available Tools

Diagnosing Depression in Dementia: Available Tools

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As dementia worsens, caregivers often have to report symptoms on behalf of the patient, and they tend to report more depressive symptoms than patients do.

Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Depression

Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Depression

Self-guided iCBT was more effective for depressive symptom severity and treatment response.

CPAP for Sleep Apnea May Also Improve PTSD in Veterans

CPAP for Sleep Apnea May Also Improve PTSD in Veterans

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Prior research has speculated that PTSD may be caused in part by an underlying REM sleep dysfunction that is amplified by OSA.

Collaborative Approach More Effective for Geriatric Depression

Collaborative Approach More Effective for Geriatric Depression

Among older adults with subthreshold depression, collaborative care was linked to a decrease in PHQ-9 scores.

Acute Stroke Risk Elevated in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

Acute Stroke Risk Elevated in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

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Psychological distress may cause changes within cells that trigger inflammation and oxidative stress, both of which are believed to increase stroke risk.

Drug Use Affecting Central Nervous System Increasing Among Seniors

Drug Use Affecting Central Nervous System Increasing Among Seniors

Nearly half of seniors taking these drug combinations didn't have a formal diagnosis of a mental health condition, insomnia, or pain condition.

Addressing Comorbid Depression in Epilepsy: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Addressing Comorbid Depression in Epilepsy: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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There are several drug-based and non-pharmacological treatments available that can help reduce symptoms of depression in patients with epilepsy.

Effect of Depression and Anxiety on Cognition in Parkinson's Disease

Effect of Depression and Anxiety on Cognition in Parkinson's Disease

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Comorbid psychological conditions affect cognitive function in Parkinson's disease, and treatment can be complicated by overlapping symptoms.

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Children with medium to low adherence to the diet had a 3 to 7 times greater risk of ADHD.

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

An open-label study examined the effects of fecal microbiota transfer on symptoms of autism.

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

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Effectively treating pain may help improve cognitive and functional outcomes in patients with depression.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

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Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

FDA Dampens Neuropsychiatric Warning for Smoking Cessation Drugs

FDA Dampens Neuropsychiatric Warning for Smoking Cessation Drugs

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Varenicline and bupropion pose a lower risk of serious mental health side effects than was previously thought.

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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PRS presents a good tool to measure genetic loading of ADHD variants, suggesting which cases are most likely to persist.

Social Support a Significant Factor in Development of Anxiety, Depression in Epilepsy

Social Support a Significant Factor in Development of Anxiety, Depression in Epilepsy

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Number of AEDs and seizure frequency also influenced depression in people with epilepsy.

Increased Physical, Mental Comorbidity in Veterans With Epilepsy

Increased Physical, Mental Comorbidity in Veterans With Epilepsy

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Veterans with epilepsy could benefit from evidence-based chronic disease self-management programs that target physical and psychiatric comorbidities.

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression

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Overall, 26 of the 34 studies suggested a positive relationship between insomnia and depression.

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Time spent on mobile phones and social media may contribute to the rise in depression.

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.

Significant Cognitive Defects in Those At High Risk of Psychosis

Significant Cognitive Defects in Those At High Risk of Psychosis

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Studying cognition deficits during the clinical high risk period allows researchers to look at changes in the near psychotic state before chronicity and long-term medication use obscure the core deficits.

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.

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