Neurobehavioral Disorders

Acute Stroke Risk Elevated in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

Acute Stroke Risk Elevated in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

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Psychological distress may cause changes within cells that trigger inflammation and oxidative stress, both of which are believed to increase stroke risk.

Drug Use Affecting Central Nervous System Increasing Among Seniors

Drug Use Affecting Central Nervous System Increasing Among Seniors

Nearly half of seniors taking these drug combinations didn't have a formal diagnosis of a mental health condition, insomnia, or pain condition.

Addressing Comorbid Depression in Epilepsy: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Addressing Comorbid Depression in Epilepsy: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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There are several drug-based and non-pharmacological treatments available that can help reduce symptoms of depression in patients with epilepsy.

Effect of Depression and Anxiety on Cognition in Parkinson's Disease

Effect of Depression and Anxiety on Cognition in Parkinson's Disease

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Comorbid psychological conditions affect cognitive function in Parkinson's disease, and treatment can be complicated by overlapping symptoms.

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Children with medium to low adherence to the diet had a 3 to 7 times greater risk of ADHD.

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

An open-label study examined the effects of fecal microbiota transfer on symptoms of autism.

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

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Effectively treating pain may help improve cognitive and functional outcomes in patients with depression.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

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Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

FDA Dampens Neuropsychiatric Warning for Smoking Cessation Drugs

FDA Dampens Neuropsychiatric Warning for Smoking Cessation Drugs

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Varenicline and bupropion pose a lower risk of serious mental health side effects than was previously thought.

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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PRS presents a good tool to measure genetic loading of ADHD variants, suggesting which cases are most likely to persist.

Social Support a Significant Factor in Development of Anxiety, Depression in Epilepsy

Social Support a Significant Factor in Development of Anxiety, Depression in Epilepsy

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Number of AEDs and seizure frequency also influenced depression in people with epilepsy.

Increased Physical, Mental Comorbidity in Veterans With Epilepsy

Increased Physical, Mental Comorbidity in Veterans With Epilepsy

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Veterans with epilepsy could benefit from evidence-based chronic disease self-management programs that target physical and psychiatric comorbidities.

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression

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Overall, 26 of the 34 studies suggested a positive relationship between insomnia and depression.

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Time spent on mobile phones and social media may contribute to the rise in depression.

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.

Significant Cognitive Defects in Those At High Risk of Psychosis

Significant Cognitive Defects in Those At High Risk of Psychosis

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Studying cognition deficits during the clinical high risk period allows researchers to look at changes in the near psychotic state before chronicity and long-term medication use obscure the core deficits.

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.

Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placental Barrier

Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placental Barrier

Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.

Preventing Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury

Preventing Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury

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Nearly 80% of depressive symptoms occur within the first 6 months after TBI.

Hormonal Contraception Poses Depression Risk

Hormonal Contraception Poses Depression Risk

The risk is especially high in teens.

Psychiatric Disorders Common in Pediatric MS, Demyelinating Diseases

Psychiatric Disorders Common in Pediatric MS, Demyelinating Diseases

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Notably, patients who had documented psychotic and psychiatric disorders were more likely to be diagnosed with a demyelinating disease.

Characteristics Associated With Antiepileptic Drug-Induced Psychotic Disorders

Characteristics Associated With Antiepileptic Drug-Induced Psychotic Disorders

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Patients taking levetiracetam should be monitored for AIPD.

Depression Increases Risk of Acute MI in HIV-Infected

Depression Increases Risk of Acute MI in HIV-Infected

HIV-infected adults with major depressive disorder have a 30% increased risk for acute myocardial infarction.

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Although PCB chemicals were banned int he 1970s, they still linger in the environment.

Poor Diet During Pregnancy May Increase Risk of ADHD

Poor Diet During Pregnancy May Increase Risk of ADHD

DNA methylation may occur as a result of poor nutrition during pregnancy.

Examining White Matter Alterations in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder

Examining White Matter Alterations in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder

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Direct comparison of white matter tracts in schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have previously not been performed.

Gender, Race Impact Familial Autism Risk

Gender, Race Impact Familial Autism Risk

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The rate of autism diagnosis was 11.3% for those with an older sibling with autism, and .92% for those without.

Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Behavior Problems

Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Behavior Problems

No similar association was seen in mothers who used acetaminophen after delivery, nor with paternal use.

New Risk Calculator Helps Predict Conversion to Psychosis in High-Risk Patients

New Risk Calculator Helps Predict Conversion to Psychosis in High-Risk Patients

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The calculator is available freely online for use by clinicians.

New DNA Regions Linked to Depression

New DNA Regions Linked to Depression

Many of the sites are known to be associated with brain development.

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