Neurocognitive Disorders

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

Treating Pain in Depression May Help Improve Cognition

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Effectively treating pain may help improve cognitive and functional outcomes in patients with depression.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Poor Academic Performance

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Poor Academic Performance

Test scores for children with NAS, on average, were sharply lower than those of both groups of children.

Post-Chemo Cognitive Impairment Apparent in Breast Cancer Survivors

Post-Chemo Cognitive Impairment Apparent in Breast Cancer Survivors

Patients reported significant cognitive difficulties from pre-chemotherapy to post-chemotherapy and from pre-chemotherapy to 6-month follow-up.

Dysglycemia Impacts Brain Structure, Cognition

Dysglycemia Impacts Brain Structure, Cognition

Patients with dysglycemia have more brain infarcts and white matter hyperintensities and a lower total white matter volume.

TAVR Improves Cognition in Patients With Prior Cognitive Impairment

TAVR Improves Cognition in Patients With Prior Cognitive Impairment

Those with previous cognitive impairment saw a more pronounced improvement.

Effect of Antihypertensives, Statins on Cognitive Decline Uncertain

Effect of Antihypertensives, Statins on Cognitive Decline Uncertain

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The effect of antihypertensive drugs and stains on cognition is uncertain.

Cognitive Dysfunction Not Likely After Coronary Intervention

Cognitive Dysfunction Not Likely After Coronary Intervention

In patients with suspected coronary heart disease, mild cognitive impairment was common.

Significant Cognitive Defects in Those At High Risk of Psychosis

Significant Cognitive Defects in Those At High Risk of Psychosis

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Studying cognition deficits during the clinical high risk period allows researchers to look at changes in the near psychotic state before chronicity and long-term medication use obscure the core deficits.

Cognitive Rehabilitation Intervention Improves Cognition in Cancer Patients

Cognitive Rehabilitation Intervention Improves Cognition in Cancer Patients

There were significantly lower levels of anxiety/depression and fatigue noted in the intervention group.

Spike Localization May Predict Cognitive Outcomes in BECTS

Spike Localization May Predict Cognitive Outcomes in BECTS

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Patients with these EEG characteristics may benefit from early screening and intervention.

Aerobic Exercise May Improve Cognition in Vascular Cognitive Impairment

Aerobic Exercise May Improve Cognition in Vascular Cognitive Impairment

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Future studies should explore ways to increase ongoing exercise adherence among participants

Ghrelin Levels May Predict Cognitive Impairment in Diabetes

Ghrelin Levels May Predict Cognitive Impairment in Diabetes

Ghrelin was a significant predictor for executive function impairment in patients with T2DM.

Mercury Exposure Attentuates Cognitive Benefits of Exercise

Mercury Exposure Attentuates Cognitive Benefits of Exercise

Aerobic exercise benefits cognition, but not after high levels of prenatal mercury exposure.

Cognitive Impairment in Coronary Artery Disease Linked to White Matter Lesions

Cognitive Impairment in Coronary Artery Disease Linked to White Matter Lesions

In subjects with a low risk of preclinical Alzheimer's disease indexed by the absence of MTA, findings were confirmed.

Anxiety Associated With Risk for Cognitive Decline, Dementia

Anxiety Associated With Risk for Cognitive Decline, Dementia

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There has been a lack of research on the association between anxiety and dementia.

Does Late-Onset Depression Increase Risk of Dementia?

Does Late-Onset Depression Increase Risk of Dementia?

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Dementia risk was elevated in those who had higher scores on cognitive tests at baseline.

Social Cognition May Be Compromised in Alcohol Use Disorder

Social Cognition May Be Compromised in Alcohol Use Disorder

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Results indicate that patients with AUD show significant impairments in social problem resolution task.

Themes and Circumstances of Delusions in the ICU

Themes and Circumstances of Delusions in the ICU

The authors recommend a nurse-led initiative to help patients discuss what they experienced.

Does Hormone Therapy Affect Brain Structure, Cognition in Menopause?

Does Hormone Therapy Affect Brain Structure, Cognition in Menopause?

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The authors acknowledged that the study was limited and plan to follow the group through 4 years of treatment.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery Alone Better for Cognition in Brain Metastases

Stereotactic Radiosurgery Alone Better for Cognition in Brain Metastases

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Intracranial disease control at 3 months was better with combination therapy; however it did not appear to impact overall survival.

Delirium Common Yet Underdiagnosed in Cancer Patients

Delirium Common Yet Underdiagnosed in Cancer Patients

The researchers found evidence of several psychoactive drugs, which may contribute to delirium.

LDL-C Variability Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Elderly

LDL-C Variability Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Elderly

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Higher LDL-C variability was associated with lower cognitive test scores, including immediate and delayed recall.

Estradiol Has No Effect On Memory, Cognition After Menopause Onset

Estradiol Has No Effect On Memory, Cognition After Menopause Onset

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No effect seen at 6 or 10+ years after menopause onset.

Exercise May Reduce Stress, Boost Memory in Cancer Survivors

Exercise May Reduce Stress, Boost Memory in Cancer Survivors

Impairments in memory after cancer treatment might be more emotional, the researchers suggest.

CSF Biomarkers Aid in Psychiatric, Cognitive Disorders Differential Diagnosis

CSF Biomarkers Aid in Psychiatric, Cognitive Disorders Differential Diagnosis

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This is the first study to examine the role of CSF biomarkers in the diagnosis of patients with cognitive symptoms and psychiatric disorders in routine daily clinical practice.

Small Vessel Disease Score May Correlate With Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Disease Burden

Small Vessel Disease Score May Correlate With Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Disease Burden

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There have been no studies to investigate the utility of MRI biomarkers to estimate small vessel disease in patients with CAA.

Cognitive Benefits After Brain Training May Be Placebo Effect

Cognitive Benefits After Brain Training May Be Placebo Effect

Placebo effect needs to be accounted for before reporting results.

Early Antiretroviral Tx May Resolve Neurologic Symptoms in HIV

Early Antiretroviral Tx May Resolve Neurologic Symptoms in HIV

For the most part, symptoms tend to subside after treatment initiation.

Early Exposure to Anesthesia Has No Cognitive Effects on Children

Early Exposure to Anesthesia Has No Cognitive Effects on Children

More research needs to be performed in girls.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Has Significant Impact on Neurocognitive Function

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Has Significant Impact on Neurocognitive Function

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Surprisingly, the researchers found that snoring alone has an impact on cognitive function.

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