Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

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Female participants with phenotypic male neuroanatomical features had an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.

Risk of Zika Virus-Related Birth Defects in Pregnant Women

Risk of Zika Virus-Related Birth Defects in Pregnant Women

The CDC report only accounts for physical birth defects, as researchers note that the full scope of developmental defects has yet to be recorded.

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

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Significant differences in volume were apparent in the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen.

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

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Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.

Early Autism Diagnosis Continues to Face Roadblocks

Early Autism Diagnosis Continues to Face Roadblocks

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Despite increased awareness, barriers to earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder still persist.

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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PRS presents a good tool to measure genetic loading of ADHD variants, suggesting which cases are most likely to persist.

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.

Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placental Barrier

Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placental Barrier

Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Although PCB chemicals were banned int he 1970s, they still linger in the environment.

Guidelines Update: Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Guidelines Update: Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

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The new guidelines include a step-by-step diagnostic algorithm for use in the clinical setting, as well as a special emphasis on neurobehavioral impairment.

Clinician, Parent Interaction in Neonatal Encephalopathy

Clinician, Parent Interaction in Neonatal Encephalopathy

Clear communication is key during this high-stress time.

Hearing Impairment May Help Identify Autism Risk, Severity

Hearing Impairment May Help Identify Autism Risk, Severity

Children with autism had a hearing deficit within a specific frequency.

No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism, New Study Says

No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism, New Study Says

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The results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.

Despite Health Insurance Mandates, Autism Still Underdiagnosed

Despite Health Insurance Mandates, Autism Still Underdiagnosed

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The authors suggest that it's "perhaps not a fair direct comparison" to note that the CDC&P estimate of community prevalence for ASD is 15 per 1000 children.

Genetic Analysis Offers Improved Diagnosis for Some With Developmental Delay

Genetic Analysis Offers Improved Diagnosis for Some With Developmental Delay

Exome sequencing led to better treatments in 4 out of 10 cases studied.

Multiple Sclerosis Relapses Common During 20-Year Period

Multiple Sclerosis Relapses Common During 20-Year Period

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Patients with MS were likely to experience relapses for the first time or relapse continuation between the ages of 27 and 47 years.

Social Support Could Increase BDNF levels, Decrease Risk for Stroke and Dementia

Social Support Could Increase BDNF levels, Decrease Risk for Stroke and Dementia

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Social and emotional support may independently help reduce the risk of stroke and dementia.

Autism Prevalence Unchanged, but Barriers to Evaluation, Diagnosis Still Exist

Autism Prevalence Unchanged, but Barriers to Evaluation, Diagnosis Still Exist

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Special education resources appear to play a significant role in the evaluation and diagnosis of ASD.

Bevacizumab Associated With Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Bevacizumab Associated With Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Compared to laser treatment, infants given Avastin were more than 3 times as likely to have neurodevelopmental problems.

Maternal Obesity, Gestational Diabetes May Increase Risk of Autism

Maternal Obesity, Gestational Diabetes May Increase Risk of Autism

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Mothers who are both obese and have gestational diabetes have a significantly higher risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder.

Ocular Abnormalities Identified in Microcephaly Linked to Zika Virus

Ocular Abnormalities Identified in Microcephaly Linked to Zika Virus

The link between Zika virus and microcephaly is still being explored.

CDC Updates Guidelines on Zika Virus for Health Care Providers

CDC Updates Guidelines on Zika Virus for Health Care Providers

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The CDC is encouraging health care providers to proactively test women who are pregnant or of reproductive age that may have been exposed to Zika virus.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Associated with Higher Mortality Risk

Autism Spectrum Disorder Associated with Higher Mortality Risk

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Comorbid neurological and/or mental disorders contribute to increased mortality risk in ASD.

Infertility Tx Not Associated with Developmental Delays in Children

Infertility Tx Not Associated with Developmental Delays in Children

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The researchers plan to continue following the children through 8 years of age.

Weakened Brain Network Connectivity Observed in ADHD

Weakened Brain Network Connectivity Observed in ADHD

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Children with ADHD had weaker connections between the salience, default mode, and central executive networks.

Trisomy of RCAN1 Disrupts Peripheral Nervous System in Down Syndrome

Trisomy of RCAN1 Disrupts Peripheral Nervous System in Down Syndrome

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Mouse models of Down syndrome showed up to 3 times the number of RCAN1 compared to normal chromosomes.

Gene Mutations in Congenital Heart Disease Contribute to Neurodevelopmental Delays

Gene Mutations in Congenital Heart Disease Contribute to Neurodevelopmental Delays

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A large number of de novo genetic mutations were found in children with congenital defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities.

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