Pediatric Neurology News Archive
Rooming-in with the mother or family members may help reduce pharmacotherapy and increase breastfeeding in newborns with NAS.
Fetal alcohol syndrome prevalence ranges from 1.1% to 5.0% among first graders in 4 US communities.
For children undergoing MRI with deep sedation, a shorter recovery time is associated with use of ketamine at induction followed by propofol infusion.
The FDA has approved an expanded age range for MultiHance contrast agent.
Providing adequate nurtrients during a child's first 3 years is important for optimal neurodevelopment.
There is no increased rate of neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants using inhaled glucocorticoids.
A language delay among girls is linked to acetaminophen use during pregnancy.
Multiple imaging characteristics from fetal MRI analysis helped to yield a model with the ability to classify postnatal CSF diversion status with a high level of accuracy.
Children who are exposed to AEDs in utero may have a reduced risk of autistic traits.
Paternal use of SSRIs before conception is linked to an increased risk of ADHD in offspring.
A study pinpointed clinical factors associated with pediatric brain neoplasms to assist clinicians in making neuroimaging decisions.
A randomized clinical trial examined whether term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy benefited from therapeutic cooling.
Medicaid claims from 4 geographically diverse states were examined.
There is an increased risk of neonatal morbidity associated with exposure to ADHD medication in utero.
Neurostimulation through percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation was shown to durably reduce pain in children.
Infants under 1 year old who received general anesthesia may have less white matter in their brains.
The global prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is about 7.7 per 1000.
Survival without neuromotor disabilities in preterm infants has increased.
The researchers observed no increased risk of neurosensory impairment among those exposed to neonatal hypoglycemia.
Reduced intelligence may be linked with developmental exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
There is an increased risk of neonatal drug withdrawal if psychotropic medications and opioids are used during pregnancy.
Animal research may have helped to find a treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children.
The risk of intellectual disability among children whose mothers took antidepressants during pregnancy was not statistically significant.
Longer durations and greater depth of cooling did not reduce later mortality and disability.
Transporting neonates from the intensive care unit to MRI suites can pose challenges to care and patient safety.
With the numbers of cases of NAS rising in recent years, so is the cost associated with caring for the children.
Zika-related birth defects might occur following Zika infection during any trimester of pregnancy.
Previous research has suggested a link between early use of pregabalin in pregnancy and congenital malformations.
Sublingual buprenorphine was associated with shorter duration of treatment and shorter length of hospital stay.
No statistically significant differences between the groups in the distribution of patients without neurodevelopmental impairment were observed.
There was no significant difference in neurodevelopmental status at 2 years for infants with iodide vs placebo.
There was an apparent resurgence of Zika virus and GBS early in 2016, but no subsequent increase in microcephaly.
No between-group differences in measures of language, academic, or executive functioning were observed in those who took DHA during pregnancy and those who did not.
A 10-month-old girl admitted to PICU with sudden onset of movement disorder was found to have ingested a foreign body.
The CDC report only accounts for physical birth defects, as researchers note that the full scope of developmental defects has yet to be recorded.
Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.
In addition to ultrasonography, MRI improved diagnostic accuracy and had an impact on prognoses in cases of fetal brain abnormalities.
The assessments revealed that damage in the frontal lobes mattered more than damage in other brain locations.
Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.
In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.
A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort.
Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.
Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.
The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.
Children should sleep in the same room, but not in the same bed, as their parents, for at least the first 6 months after birth.
The study results suggest that headaches are a growing burden on patients and the health care system.
Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.
In addition, a second study found that Zika infection can be spread through organ transplants.
Clear communication is key during this high-stress time.
Safe sedation of children requires a systematic approach.
More research needs to be performed in girls.
Abnormal vital signs in these patients may be more common than previously thought.
The study was small, but suggests that clinicians and patients should exercise caution.
The regimen used in the study may be insufficient for neuroprotection.
Compared to laser treatment, infants given Avastin were more than 3 times as likely to have neurodevelopmental problems.
The costs of the intervention also posed a significant obstacle.
Updates were published for prenatal diagnostic testing for genetic disorders and screening for fetal aneuploidy.
Cardiac surgery is a known risk factor for delirium in adults, however its affect on pediatric patients is not known.
Slow-wave sleep fragmentation significantly correlated with neurobehavioral outcomes in a mouse model.
The large-scale national survey found differences in prevalence of vertigo and balance problems between girls and boys aged 3 to 17 years.
The most commonly reported neurologic disorders being treated with CAM were headache and epilepsy. Use of CAM was reported by 41.6% of respondents.
Higher exposure resulted in poorer cognitive outcomes at 18 months.
Pregnant women infected with virus may be at increased risk of having infants with microcephaly.
Women who are pregnant should not be prescribed opioids, and if so, should only take them for a short amount of time.
The use of oral contraceptives early on in pregnancy did not appear to influence the risk of birth defects.
The researchers plan to continue following the children through 8 years of age.
A family history of mental illness increases the risk of such disorders in children taking stimulants.
The most disadvantaged children were more likely to have neurological impairments.
Improvements are needed in clinical practice, training, and communication.
Use of SSRIs late in pregnancy may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder in children.
A large number of de novo genetic mutations were found in children with congenital defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities.
Those not planning on following recommendations got most of their information online or from family and friends.
Methylphenidate medications like Ritalin and amphetamines like Adderall cause sleep problems.
Food smells generate impulsive reaction in obese children.
Children with an elevated blood lead level were more likely to struggle with insomnia and daytime sleepiness.
The functional and structural differences observed in preemies contributes to increased risk of developing behavioral and emotional disorders.
Girls with a history of a psychiatric condition, substance abuse, or ADHD were more likely to report concussion-like symptoms.
The risk of suffering a second stroke is double the rate seen in noncancer stroke survivors.
Seizures were one of the most common reasons pediatric patients received CT scans.
More resources may need to allocated to acute care for pediatric mental health.
Early life adversity and internalizing symptoms may alter brain structure.
Contrary to prior research, a new study reports no increased risk of seizures in neonates born to mothers exposed to CCBs in late pregnancy.
The tool predicted the likelihood of AHT based on six identifying factors.
Those from the poorest households had the greatest deficits.
The guidance issued by ACOG notes that evidence shows marijuana use can affect fetal brain development.
Weaker working memory is linked to increased likelihood of risky sexual behavior in adolescents.
General anesthesia prior to age 4 may affect brain development.
Those who lived above 8,000 feet were at higher risk of SIDS than those who lived below 6,000 feet.
The study focused on a gestational period when women don't often realize that they are pregnant.
Reduced brain connectivity puts preterm infants at a greater risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders.
For greatest reduction in neural tube defects, RBC folate concentrations should be >400 ng/mL.
Babies exposed to opioid pain relievers during pregnancy were more likely to be preterm, have complicated births, low birth weight, and respiratory distress.
Great awareness among pediatricians will allow them to better counsel concerned parents and make referrals to subspecialists.
Researchers found a nonlinear association between family income and children's brain surface area.
Compared with penicillin, macrolides taken during pregnancy increase the child's risk of developing cerebral palsy or epilepsy.
A small cohort from a larger study indicated prenatal exposure to pollution affected fetal white matter, which could result in ADHD, other developmental problems.
Breastfeeding for prolonged periods is associated with increased intelligence, longer schooling, and higher earnings.
Patients with ALL who have a variant of gene CEP72 may experience more frequent and severe neuropathy while on vincristine.
Chances of atherosclerosis were greater in those that had the lowest levels of vitamin D in childhood.
The changes in white matter were less apparent in children who were placed in high-quality care.
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- Rituximab Effectively Reduces Disease Activity in Multiple Sclerosis
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- Lifestyle, Behavioral Factors Contribute to Dementia Risk Assessment
- FDA Lifts Clinical Hold on Trial for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Treatment
- Fremanezumab Chronic Cluster Headache Study Discontinued