Pediatric Neurology

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USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

The review found that there is substantial evidence that supports folic acid supplementation during pregnancy.

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Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.

MRI Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Brain Abnormalities

MRI Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Brain Abnormalities

In addition to ultrasonography, MRI improved diagnostic accuracy and had an impact on prognoses in cases of fetal brain abnormalities.

MRI May Help Detect White Matter Injury in Neonates

MRI May Help Detect White Matter Injury in Neonates

The assessments revealed that damage in the frontal lobes mattered more than damage in other brain locations.

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.

Effects of Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression on Child's Brain Development

Effects of Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression on Child's Brain Development

A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort.

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.

Updated AAP Guidelines on Safe Sleep for Prevention of SIDS

Updated AAP Guidelines on Safe Sleep for Prevention of SIDS

Children should sleep in the same room, but not in the same bed, as their parents, for at least the first 6 months after birth.

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