Pediatric Neurology

Significant Head Injury Reported in 7 Percent of Children: CDC

Significant Head Injury Reported in 7 Percent of Children: CDC

Less than 10% of boys and girls aged 3-17 have ever had a significant head injury in 2016.

Ketamine, Propofol Help Reduce Recovery Time in Children Undergoing Sedated MRI

Ketamine, Propofol Help Reduce Recovery Time in Children Undergoing Sedated MRI

For children undergoing MRI with deep sedation, a shorter recovery time is associated with use of ketamine at induction followed by propofol infusion.

FDA Expands Pediatric Age Range for Contrast Agent

FDA Expands Pediatric Age Range for Contrast Agent

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The FDA has approved an expanded age range for MultiHance contrast agent.

Nutrients Key to Neurodevelopment in Child's First 3 years

Nutrients Key to Neurodevelopment in Child's First 3 years

Providing adequate nurtrients during a child's first 3 years is important for optimal neurodevelopment.

Herpes simplex virus infection uncommon in infants undergoing meningitis evaluation

Through this retrospective study, researchers found that 0.42% of study infants undergoing CSF culture for suspected meningitis tested positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection.

No long-term neurodevelopmental effects of inhaled budesonide in preterm infants

Budesonide used for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely preterm infants showed no difference in rate of neurodevelopmental disability at two years compared to placebo treated infants.

Neurodevelopment in Preemies Not Affected by Glucocorticoid Therapy

Neurodevelopment in Preemies Not Affected by Glucocorticoid Therapy

There is no increased rate of neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants using inhaled glucocorticoids.

Language Delay May Be Linked to Prenatal Acetaminophen Use

Language Delay May Be Linked to Prenatal Acetaminophen Use

A language delay among girls is linked to acetaminophen use during pregnancy.

Fetal MRI Analysis, Machine Learning Identifies Candidates for CSF Diversion

Fetal MRI Analysis, Machine Learning Identifies Candidates for CSF Diversion

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Multiple imaging characteristics from fetal MRI analysis helped to yield a model with the ability to classify postnatal CSF diversion status with a high level of accuracy.

Folate Supplementation May Help Reduce Autistic Traits in Children Exposed to AEDs In Utero

Folate Supplementation May Help Reduce Autistic Traits in Children Exposed to AEDs In Utero

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Children who are exposed to AEDs in utero may have a reduced risk of autistic traits.

Identifying Pediatric Seizures With Hemispheric Regional Cerebral Oxygen Saturation

Identifying Pediatric Seizures With Hemispheric Regional Cerebral Oxygen Saturation

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The findings further the utility of cerebral oximetry as a neurological assessment tool.

Fingolimod Wins Breakthrough Designation for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

Fingolimod Wins Breakthrough Designation for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

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The FDA has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to Fingolimod for treating children with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Identifying Risk of Stroke Following Traumatic Injury

Identifying Risk of Stroke Following Traumatic Injury

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Investigators sought to assess the risk of ischemic stroke after a traumatic injury in patients <50 years of age.

Effect of Maternal Antibiotic Use on Neonatal Seizure Risk

Effect of Maternal Antibiotic Use on Neonatal Seizure Risk

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Researchers from the University of Colorado reported on whether or not maternal antibiotic use during labor increased the risk of seizure for the neonate.

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal use of SSRIs before conception is linked to an increased risk of ADHD in offspring.

Clinical Factors Associated With Pediatric Brain Neoplasms

Clinical Factors Associated With Pediatric Brain Neoplasms

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A study pinpointed clinical factors associated with pediatric brain neoplasms to assist clinicians in making neuroimaging decisions.

Therapeutic Hypothermia May Reduce Disability in Newborns With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

Therapeutic Hypothermia May Reduce Disability in Newborns With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

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A randomized clinical trial examined whether term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy benefited from therapeutic cooling.

Suboptimal Neuromotor Development May Increase Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia

Suboptimal Neuromotor Development May Increase Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia

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Nonoptimal infant neuromotor development was linked to genetic risk for schizophrenia, but not bipolar disorder.

Lamotrigine Use During Pregnancy Not Associated With Birth Defects

Lamotrigine Use During Pregnancy Not Associated With Birth Defects

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Among infants exposed to the medication in utero, none had major or significant malformations.

Predicting Poor Outcomes in Pediatric Headache With Rapid Screening Tool

Predicting Poor Outcomes in Pediatric Headache With Rapid Screening Tool

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The rapid screening tool may help to inform treatment decisions for at-risk patients.

Nusinersen Improves Motor Function, Survival in Infants With Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Nusinersen Improves Motor Function, Survival in Infants With Spinal Muscular Atrophy

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Patients who received nusinersen had a greater likelihood of survival compared to those who received sham treatment.

Prenatal Use of ADHD Medication Linked to Neonatal Morbidity

Prenatal Use of ADHD Medication Linked to Neonatal Morbidity

There is an increased risk of neonatal morbidity associated with exposure to ADHD medication in utero.

Brief Group-Based Cognitive Intervention Effective for Adolescent Chronic Pain

Brief Group-Based Cognitive Intervention Effective for Adolescent Chronic Pain

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For adolescents with chronic pain, a combination of different therapies such as CBT and breathing exercises may be beneficial.

Ask the Expert: Neuraxial Anesthesia in Neonates

Ask the Expert: Neuraxial Anesthesia in Neonates

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Neuraxial anesthetics and analgesics are associated with fewer systemic adverse effects.

Daily, Recurring Headache Linked to Sleep Disturbances in Children

Daily, Recurring Headache Linked to Sleep Disturbances in Children

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Pediatric patients with NDPH experience more sleep disturbances than those with migraine or tension-type headaches.

Fingolimod Promising for Pediatric Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

Fingolimod Promising for Pediatric Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

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There are no FDA-approved MS therapies for the pediatric population.

Pediatric Migraine May Benefit From Botox Injections

Pediatric Migraine May Benefit From Botox Injections

Clinically significant decreases were noted for concomitant medications and oral morphine equivalency.

Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome Increases Childhood Epilepsy Risk

Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome Increases Childhood Epilepsy Risk

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Infants born at 32-36 weeks gestation from 1978-2008 with infant respiratory distress syndrome were enrolled to evaluate the long term risk of epilepsy.

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

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Although the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder is known to be more common among males than among females in the general population, information on sex-specific recurrence patterns is lacking.

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Associated With Fat Intake

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Associated With Fat Intake

Increased fat intake is associated with a higher risk of relapse for children with multiple sclerosis.

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