Pediatric Neurology

Nusinersen Improves Motor Function, Survival in Infants With Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Nusinersen Improves Motor Function, Survival in Infants With Spinal Muscular Atrophy

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Patients who received nusinersen had a greater likelihood of survival compared to those who received sham treatment.

Prenatal Use of ADHD Medication Linked to Neonatal Morbidity

Prenatal Use of ADHD Medication Linked to Neonatal Morbidity

There is an increased risk of neonatal morbidity associated with exposure to ADHD medication in utero.

Brief Group-Based Cognitive Intervention Effective for Adolescent Chronic Pain

Brief Group-Based Cognitive Intervention Effective for Adolescent Chronic Pain

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For adolescents with chronic pain, a combination of different therapies such as CBT and breathing exercises may be beneficial.

Ask the Expert: Neuraxial Anesthesia in Neonates

Ask the Expert: Neuraxial Anesthesia in Neonates

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Neuraxial anesthetics and analgesics are associated with fewer systemic adverse effects.

Daily, Recurring Headache Linked to Sleep Disturbances in Children

Daily, Recurring Headache Linked to Sleep Disturbances in Children

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Pediatric patients with NDPH experience more sleep disturbances than those with migraine or tension-type headaches.

Fingolimod Promising for Pediatric Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

Fingolimod Promising for Pediatric Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

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There are no FDA-approved MS therapies for the pediatric population.

Pediatric Migraine May Benefit From Botox Injections

Pediatric Migraine May Benefit From Botox Injections

Clinically significant decreases were noted for concomitant medications and oral morphine equivalency.

Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome Increases Childhood Epilepsy Risk

Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome Increases Childhood Epilepsy Risk

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Infants born at 32-36 weeks gestation from 1978-2008 with infant respiratory distress syndrome were enrolled to evaluate the long term risk of epilepsy.

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

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Although the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder is known to be more common among males than among females in the general population, information on sex-specific recurrence patterns is lacking.

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Associated With Fat Intake

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Associated With Fat Intake

Increased fat intake is associated with a higher risk of relapse for children with multiple sclerosis.

Neurostimulation Provides Abdominal Pain Relief in Children

Neurostimulation Provides Abdominal Pain Relief in Children

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Neurostimulation through percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation was shown to durably reduce pain in children.

Recurrent Headache in Childhood Increases Risk for Headache in Adulthood

Recurrent Headache in Childhood Increases Risk for Headache in Adulthood

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Girls with recurrent headaches in childhood should be monitored closely for the development of headache or migraine in adolescence.

No Benefit of Intracranial Pressure Monitoring for Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

No Benefit of Intracranial Pressure Monitoring for Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

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For pediatric patients with TBI, there is no apparent benefit of ICP monitoring for improving functional survival.

White Matter Volume in Infants May be Affected by General Anesthesia

White Matter Volume in Infants May be Affected by General Anesthesia

Infants under 1 year old who received general anesthesia may have less white matter in their brains.

Assessing the Global Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Assessing the Global Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

The global prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is about 7.7 per 1000.

Despite Improved Survival, Developmental Delay Still Common in Preemies

Despite Improved Survival, Developmental Delay Still Common in Preemies

Survival without neuromotor disabilities in preterm infants has increased.

Buccal, Nasal Midazolam Most Cost-Effective for Pediatric Status Epilepticus

Buccal, Nasal Midazolam Most Cost-Effective for Pediatric Status Epilepticus

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Rectal diazepam is currently the only FDA-approved treatment for pediatric status epilepticus.

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Expert Q&A (Part II)

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Expert Q&A (Part II)

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Nearly 10% of pediatric patients with migraine also experience various episodic syndromes. Drs Amy Gelfand and Diana Lebron weigh in on what to look for to help you achieve the right diagnosis.

Neonatal Hypoglycemia Not Linked With Neurosensory Impairment

Neonatal Hypoglycemia Not Linked With Neurosensory Impairment

The researchers observed no increased risk of neurosensory impairment among those exposed to neonatal hypoglycemia.

Exposure to Flame Retardants May Have Adverse Effect on Pediatric IQ

Exposure to Flame Retardants May Have Adverse Effect on Pediatric IQ

Reduced intelligence may be linked with developmental exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers.

Maternal Psychotropic, Opioid Use Boosts Risk of Neonatal Drug Withdrawal

Maternal Psychotropic, Opioid Use Boosts Risk of Neonatal Drug Withdrawal

There is an increased risk of neonatal drug withdrawal if psychotropic medications and opioids are used during pregnancy.

Fibromyalgia, Chronic Pain Impacted By Childhood Adversity

Fibromyalgia, Chronic Pain Impacted By Childhood Adversity

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Childhood adversity levels are increased in female patients with fibromyalgia and chronic pain.

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Investigators have developed guidelines to follow for the use of art therapy in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Knowing What to Look For (Part I)

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Knowing What to Look For (Part I)

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Nearly 10% of pediatric patients with migraine also experience various episodic syndromes involving gastrointestinal pain, vomiting, or vertigo.

Animal Model Shows Reversal of Fetal Alchohol Syndrome Effects

Animal Model Shows Reversal of Fetal Alchohol Syndrome Effects

Animal research may have helped to find a treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children.

Longer Cooling Doesn't Improve Outcomes in Neonatal Hypoxic Encephalopathy

Longer Cooling Doesn't Improve Outcomes in Neonatal Hypoxic Encephalopathy

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Longer durations and greater depth of cooling did not reduce later mortality and disability.

FDA Clears Neonatal MRI System

FDA Clears Neonatal MRI System

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Transporting neonates from the intensive care unit to MRI suites can pose challenges to care and patient safety.

Age a Factor in Concussion Symptom Severity

Age a Factor in Concussion Symptom Severity

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Children in the youngest age group consistently reported worse scores on all measures than those in the highest age group.

Allodynia Common in Pediatric Migraine

Allodynia Common in Pediatric Migraine

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Symptoms associated with central sensitization are common in children and adolescents with migraine.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Growing Economic Burden

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Growing Economic Burden

With the numbers of cases of NAS rising in recent years, so is the cost associated with caring for the children.

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