Pediatric Neurology

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

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The review found that there is substantial evidence that supports folic acid supplementation during pregnancy.

FDA Approves First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

FDA Approves First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

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The US FDA has approved the first drug for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy, a genetic disease that often results in premature death.

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

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Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

FDA Issues Warning for Children, Pregnant Women With Extended Exposure to Anesthetics

FDA Issues Warning for Children, Pregnant Women With Extended Exposure to Anesthetics

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The US FDA is requiring that label changes be made to reflect the risks involved with extended exposure to anesthetics and sedatives in children and pregnant women.

Symptoms of Autonomic Dysfunction in Pediatric Headache

Symptoms of Autonomic Dysfunction in Pediatric Headache

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Cold and clammy hands and feet were common among pediatric patients with tension-type headache.

First-Line Treatment With Carbamazepine in Neonatal Epilepsy

First-Line Treatment With Carbamazepine in Neonatal Epilepsy

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The results confirm the effectiveness and safety of low-dose CBZ as a first-line agent for the treatment of neonatal seizures.

Low Neonatal Vitamin D May Increase Risk of MS

Low Neonatal Vitamin D May Increase Risk of MS

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Low levels of neonatal vitamin D may be linked with risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Shows Promise

New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Shows Promise

Despite the benefits observed, the improvements still do not represent normal muscle function.

VIDEO: Gap in Provider Knowledge Delays Diagnosis, Treatment of Infantile Spasms

VIDEO: Gap in Provider Knowledge Delays Diagnosis, Treatment of Infantile Spasms

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Shaun Hussain, MD, MS, discusses a gap in health care provider knowledge that may contribute to the delay in the diagnosis and treatment of infantile spasms.

Effects of Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression on Child's Brain Development

Effects of Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression on Child's Brain Development

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A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort.

Parental Rheumatoid Arthritis and Risk for Epilepsy in Offspring

Parental Rheumatoid Arthritis and Risk for Epilepsy in Offspring

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Data suggests that epileptogenic mechanisms may be triggered by changes in the intrauterine environment during pregnancy in women with RA.

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Time spent on mobile phones and social media may contribute to the rise in depression.

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.

Many States Lack Plans to Return Children to School After Concussion

Many States Lack Plans to Return Children to School After Concussion

Most laws focus specifically on athletes, however all athletes are students as well.

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.

VIDEO: Cannabidiol and Our Progress Towards a Treatment for Refractory Epilepsy

VIDEO: Cannabidiol and Our Progress Towards a Treatment for Refractory Epilepsy

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Dr Elizabeth Thiele discusses the latest on cannabidiol research for the treatment of refractory epilepsy.

Collaborative Care Improves Clinical Outcomes, Costs in Pediatric Neurology Patients

Collaborative Care Improves Clinical Outcomes, Costs in Pediatric Neurology Patients

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Integration of care across specialists helps to improve the overall patient/family experience.

Microcephaly Linked to Significant Developmental Deficits

Microcephaly Linked to Significant Developmental Deficits

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Those with postnatal etiology showed worse developmental deficits across all domains.

VIDEO: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Treating Pediatric Headache

VIDEO: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Treating Pediatric Headache

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Andrew Hershey, MD, PhD, FAHS, Endowed Chair and Co-Director, Cincinnati Children's Headache Center discusses the multidisciplinary approach to treating pediatric headache.

Factors Associated With Hydrocephalus After Pediatric Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Factors Associated With Hydrocephalus After Pediatric Intraventricular Hemorrhage

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Risks associated with certain NSAIDS and steroids warrant further investigation.

Brain Lesion Load Impacts Long-Term Outcomes in Pediatric TBI

Brain Lesion Load Impacts Long-Term Outcomes in Pediatric TBI

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While many lesions remained at 1 year, reductions in lesion volume correlated with improved neurologic outcomes.

CHAMP Trial: Placebo Just as Effective as Pharmacotherapy in Pediatric Migraine

CHAMP Trial: Placebo Just as Effective as Pharmacotherapy in Pediatric Migraine

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No significant difference in reduction of headache days was observed between the treatment groups and placebo.

MRI More Sensitive, Specific Than Ultrasound in Diagnosing Fetal Stroke

MRI More Sensitive, Specific Than Ultrasound in Diagnosing Fetal Stroke

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Out of 34 cases of MRI-detected fetal stroke, ultrasound was only able to identify 5 cases.

Spike Localization May Predict Cognitive Outcomes in BECTS

Spike Localization May Predict Cognitive Outcomes in BECTS

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Patients with these EEG characteristics may benefit from early screening and intervention.

Everolimus Safe, Effective for Reduction of Seizures in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

Everolimus Safe, Effective for Reduction of Seizures in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

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The EXIST-3 trial is the first phase 3 study to evaluate the use of EVE for the adjunctive treatment of seizures in TSC.

Botox Effective for Pediatric Refractory Migraine

Botox Effective for Pediatric Refractory Migraine

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As the treatment is currently used off-label, optimal dosing has not yet been established.

Updated AAP Guidelines on Safe Sleep for Prevention of SIDS

Updated AAP Guidelines on Safe Sleep for Prevention of SIDS

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Children should sleep in the same room, but not in the same bed, as their parents, for at least the first 6 months after birth.

Child Neurology Society Annual Meeting 2016: What to Expect

Child Neurology Society Annual Meeting 2016: What to Expect

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Learn about the key scientific sessions taking place at CNS 2016 and follow along with Neurology Advisor for full meeting coverage.

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