Pediatric Neurology

Assessing the Global Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Assessing the Global Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

The global prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is about 7.7 per 1000.

Despite Improved Survival, Developmental Delay Still Common in Preemies

Despite Improved Survival, Developmental Delay Still Common in Preemies

Survival without neuromotor disabilities in preterm infants has increased.

Buccal, Nasal Midazolam Most Cost-Effective for Pediatric Status Epilepticus

Buccal, Nasal Midazolam Most Cost-Effective for Pediatric Status Epilepticus

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Rectal diazepam is currently the only FDA-approved treatment for pediatric status epilepticus.

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Expert Q&A (Part II)

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Expert Q&A (Part II)

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Nearly 10% of pediatric patients with migraine also experience various episodic syndromes. Drs Amy Gelfand and Diana Lebron weigh in on what to look for to help you achieve the right diagnosis.

Neonatal Hypoglycemia Not Linked With Neurosensory Impairment

Neonatal Hypoglycemia Not Linked With Neurosensory Impairment

The researchers observed no increased risk of neurosensory impairment among those exposed to neonatal hypoglycemia.

Exposure to Flame Retardants May Have Adverse Effect on Pediatric IQ

Exposure to Flame Retardants May Have Adverse Effect on Pediatric IQ

Reduced intelligence may be linked with developmental exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers.

Maternal Psychotropic, Opioid Use Boosts Risk of Neonatal Drug Withdrawal

Maternal Psychotropic, Opioid Use Boosts Risk of Neonatal Drug Withdrawal

There is an increased risk of neonatal drug withdrawal if psychotropic medications and opioids are used during pregnancy.

Fibromyalgia, Chronic Pain Impacted By Childhood Adversity

Fibromyalgia, Chronic Pain Impacted By Childhood Adversity

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Childhood adversity levels are increased in female patients with fibromyalgia and chronic pain.

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Investigators have developed guidelines to follow for the use of art therapy in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Knowing What to Look For (Part I)

Pediatric Episodic Syndromes Associated With Migraine: Knowing What to Look For (Part I)

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Nearly 10% of pediatric patients with migraine also experience various episodic syndromes involving gastrointestinal pain, vomiting, or vertigo.

Animal Model Shows Reversal of Fetal Alchohol Syndrome Effects

Animal Model Shows Reversal of Fetal Alchohol Syndrome Effects

Animal research may have helped to find a treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children.

Longer Cooling Doesn't Improve Outcomes in Neonatal Hypoxic Encephalopathy

Longer Cooling Doesn't Improve Outcomes in Neonatal Hypoxic Encephalopathy

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Longer durations and greater depth of cooling did not reduce later mortality and disability.

FDA Clears Neonatal MRI System

FDA Clears Neonatal MRI System

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Transporting neonates from the intensive care unit to MRI suites can pose challenges to care and patient safety.

Age a Factor in Concussion Symptom Severity

Age a Factor in Concussion Symptom Severity

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Children in the youngest age group consistently reported worse scores on all measures than those in the highest age group.

Allodynia Common in Pediatric Migraine

Allodynia Common in Pediatric Migraine

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Symptoms associated with central sensitization are common in children and adolescents with migraine.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Growing Economic Burden

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Growing Economic Burden

With the numbers of cases of NAS rising in recent years, so is the cost associated with caring for the children.

1 in 20 Pregnant Women With Zika Infection Have Children With Birth Defects

1 in 20 Pregnant Women With Zika Infection Have Children With Birth Defects

Zika-related birth defects might occur following Zika infection during any trimester of pregnancy.

Pregabalin Use in Pregnancy: What's the Risk?

Pregabalin Use in Pregnancy: What's the Risk?

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Previous research has suggested a link between early use of pregabalin in pregnancy and congenital malformations.

In Pediatric Headache, Placebo Effect May Play a Role in Cervical Injection Response

In Pediatric Headache, Placebo Effect May Play a Role in Cervical Injection Response

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The difference in response in the ropivicaine and saline groups was insignificant, suggesting a placebo effect.

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Infants at risk for autism do better if therapists train parents to communicate more effectively.

Migraine Linked to Fetal Growth Restriction in Men

Migraine Linked to Fetal Growth Restriction in Men

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Fetal growth restriction is characterized by a birthweight below the tenth percentile, according to gender and gestational age.

Buprenorphine Superior to Morphine in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Buprenorphine Superior to Morphine in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Sublingual buprenorphine was associated with shorter duration of treatment and shorter length of hospital stay.

Neurodevelopment Not Adversely Affected by Hydrocortisone Tx in Preemies

Neurodevelopment Not Adversely Affected by Hydrocortisone Tx in Preemies

No statistically significant differences between the groups in the distribution of patients without neurodevelopmental impairment were observed.

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Epstein-Barr, Herpes Simplex Virus Exposure

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Epstein-Barr, Herpes Simplex Virus Exposure

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Increased risk of pediatric multiple sclerosis was observed in patients with prior exposure to EBV, HSV-1, and vitamin D deficiency.

Iodide Supplementation May Not Benefit Preemies

Iodide Supplementation May Not Benefit Preemies

There was no significant difference in neurodevelopmental status at 2 years for infants with iodide vs placebo.

Cognitive Skills Adversely Affected by Thyroid Dysfunction

Cognitive Skills Adversely Affected by Thyroid Dysfunction

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Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism scored worse on tests of processing speed than patients with normal thyroid function.

Exploring Links Between Zika, GBS, Microcephaly in Brazil

Exploring Links Between Zika, GBS, Microcephaly in Brazil

There was an apparent resurgence of Zika virus and GBS early in 2016, but no subsequent increase in microcephaly.

Q&A: Strategies for Transitioning Pediatric Patients to Adult Care

Q&A: Strategies for Transitioning Pediatric Patients to Adult Care

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The transition process can be challenging for patients and families, requiring a great deal of preplanning by providers.

Valproate for Epilepsy Poses Greater Risk for Major Congenital Malformations

Valproate for Epilepsy Poses Greater Risk for Major Congenital Malformations

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Lamotrigine and carbamazepine may represent safer treatment alternatives for girls and women who are or who might become pregnant.

DHA Supplementation Has No Impact on IQ in Offspring

DHA Supplementation Has No Impact on IQ in Offspring

No between-group differences in measures of language, academic, or executive functioning were observed in those who took DHA during pregnancy and those who did not.

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