Pediatric Neurology

Comorbid Headache, Stroke Common in Pediatric Patients

Comorbid Headache, Stroke Common in Pediatric Patients

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The co-presentation of headache at stroke onset in children may provide clues to underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms.

Persistent Asthma May Increase Migraine Risk in Children

Persistent Asthma May Increase Migraine Risk in Children

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Persistent asthma was found to be associated with an increased frequency of migraine.

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

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Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.

MRI Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Brain Abnormalities

MRI Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Brain Abnormalities

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In addition to ultrasonography, MRI improved diagnostic accuracy and had an impact on prognoses in cases of fetal brain abnormalities.

Location of Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke Influences Recurrence

Location of Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke Influences Recurrence

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The difference in rate of recurrence of PCAIS may have to do with a difference in mechanism compared with ACAIS.

Migraine Linked to Adverse Events in Pregnancy

Migraine Linked to Adverse Events in Pregnancy

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Migraine in pregnancy may warrant early referral to a neurologist and more intensive surveillance as a result of increased adverse birth events.

Neonatal Hemorrhagic Stroke: Prevalence and Outcomes

Neonatal Hemorrhagic Stroke: Prevalence and Outcomes

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Despite being more common than thought, many cases of neonatal hemorrhagic stroke remain idiopathic.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Pediatric Migraine

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Pediatric Migraine

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Cognitive behavioral therapy provides sustained relief from pediatric migraine with few to no adverse effects.

Maternal Antiepileptic Use and Risk for Major Congenital Malformations in Offspring

Maternal Antiepileptic Use and Risk for Major Congenital Malformations in Offspring

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A diagnosis of maternal epilepsy alone was not associated with an increase in congenital malformations in offspring.

MRI May Help Detect White Matter Injury in Neonates

MRI May Help Detect White Matter Injury in Neonates

The assessments revealed that damage in the frontal lobes mattered more than damage in other brain locations.

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Poor Academic Performance

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Poor Academic Performance

Test scores for children with NAS, on average, were sharply lower than those of both groups of children.

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

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The review found that there is substantial evidence that supports folic acid supplementation during pregnancy.

FDA Approves First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

FDA Approves First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

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The US FDA has approved the first drug for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy, a genetic disease that often results in premature death.

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

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Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

FDA Issues Warning for Children, Pregnant Women With Extended Exposure to Anesthetics

FDA Issues Warning for Children, Pregnant Women With Extended Exposure to Anesthetics

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The US FDA is requiring that label changes be made to reflect the risks involved with extended exposure to anesthetics and sedatives in children and pregnant women.

Symptoms of Autonomic Dysfunction in Pediatric Headache

Symptoms of Autonomic Dysfunction in Pediatric Headache

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Cold and clammy hands and feet were common among pediatric patients with tension-type headache.

First-Line Treatment With Carbamazepine in Neonatal Epilepsy

First-Line Treatment With Carbamazepine in Neonatal Epilepsy

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The results confirm the effectiveness and safety of low-dose CBZ as a first-line agent for the treatment of neonatal seizures.

Low Neonatal Vitamin D May Increase Risk of MS

Low Neonatal Vitamin D May Increase Risk of MS

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Low levels of neonatal vitamin D may be linked with risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Shows Promise

New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Shows Promise

Despite the benefits observed, the improvements still do not represent normal muscle function.

VIDEO: Gap in Provider Knowledge Delays Diagnosis, Treatment of Infantile Spasms

VIDEO: Gap in Provider Knowledge Delays Diagnosis, Treatment of Infantile Spasms

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Shaun Hussain, MD, MS, discusses a gap in health care provider knowledge that may contribute to the delay in the diagnosis and treatment of infantile spasms.

Effects of Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression on Child's Brain Development

Effects of Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression on Child's Brain Development

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A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort.

Parental Rheumatoid Arthritis and Risk for Epilepsy in Offspring

Parental Rheumatoid Arthritis and Risk for Epilepsy in Offspring

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Data suggests that epileptogenic mechanisms may be triggered by changes in the intrauterine environment during pregnancy in women with RA.

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Depression On the Rise, Especially Among Adolescent Females

Time spent on mobile phones and social media may contribute to the rise in depression.

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Blood Test May Identify Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

No Neurodevelopmental Benefit for Donor Breast Milk vs Formula in Low-Weight Infants

Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.

Many States Lack Plans to Return Children to School After Concussion

Many States Lack Plans to Return Children to School After Concussion

Most laws focus specifically on athletes, however all athletes are students as well.

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

Differences in Brain Structure in Pediatric PTSD

The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.

VIDEO: Cannabidiol and Our Progress Towards a Treatment for Refractory Epilepsy

VIDEO: Cannabidiol and Our Progress Towards a Treatment for Refractory Epilepsy

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Dr Elizabeth Thiele discusses the latest on cannabidiol research for the treatment of refractory epilepsy.

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