Pediatric Neurology

DHA Supplementation Has No Impact on IQ in Offspring

DHA Supplementation Has No Impact on IQ in Offspring

No between-group differences in measures of language, academic, or executive functioning were observed in those who took DHA during pregnancy and those who did not.

Movement Disorder After Foreign Body Ingestion

Movement Disorder After Foreign Body Ingestion

A 10-month-old girl admitted to PICU with sudden onset of movement disorder was found to have ingested a foreign body.

Aptiom Aims for Pediatric Indication for Partial Onset Seizures

Aptiom Aims for Pediatric Indication for Partial Onset Seizures

By

Sunovion has filed a supplemental NDA with the FDA to expand the indication for Aptiom to pediatric patients with partial onset seizures.

Pediatric Migraine Relief With Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block

Pediatric Migraine Relief With Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block

Improvements in migraine pain were reported in as little as 10 minutes after the nerve block.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

By

Female participants with phenotypic male neuroanatomical features had an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.

Risk of Zika Virus-Related Birth Defects in Pregnant Women

Risk of Zika Virus-Related Birth Defects in Pregnant Women

The CDC report only accounts for physical birth defects, as researchers note that the full scope of developmental defects has yet to be recorded.

Vigabatrin Dose Affects Risk for Brain Abnormalities in Infantile Spasms

Vigabatrin Dose Affects Risk for Brain Abnormalities in Infantile Spasms

By

There is as much as a 32% risk for vigabatrin-associated brain abnormalities in patients with infantile spasms.

Treating Pediatric Chronic Migraine With Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Amitriptyline

Treating Pediatric Chronic Migraine With Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Amitriptyline

By

A larger percentage of participants receiving CBT plus amitriptyline reached a 50% reduction in migraine frequency during treatment compared with HE plus amitriptyline.

Comorbid Headache, Stroke Common in Pediatric Patients

Comorbid Headache, Stroke Common in Pediatric Patients

By

The co-presentation of headache at stroke onset in children may provide clues to underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms.

Persistent Asthma May Increase Migraine Risk in Children

Persistent Asthma May Increase Migraine Risk in Children

By

Persistent asthma was found to be associated with an increased frequency of migraine.

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

Antiretroviral Therapy May Improve Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in HIV-Infected Infants

By

Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.

MRI Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Brain Abnormalities

MRI Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Brain Abnormalities

By

In addition to ultrasonography, MRI improved diagnostic accuracy and had an impact on prognoses in cases of fetal brain abnormalities.

Location of Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke Influences Recurrence

Location of Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke Influences Recurrence

By

The difference in rate of recurrence of PCAIS may have to do with a difference in mechanism compared with ACAIS.

Migraine Linked to Adverse Events in Pregnancy

Migraine Linked to Adverse Events in Pregnancy

By

Migraine in pregnancy may warrant early referral to a neurologist and more intensive surveillance as a result of increased adverse birth events.

Neonatal Hemorrhagic Stroke: Prevalence and Outcomes

Neonatal Hemorrhagic Stroke: Prevalence and Outcomes

By

Despite being more common than thought, many cases of neonatal hemorrhagic stroke remain idiopathic.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Pediatric Migraine

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Pediatric Migraine

By

Cognitive behavioral therapy provides sustained relief from pediatric migraine with few to no adverse effects.

Maternal Antiepileptic Use and Risk for Major Congenital Malformations in Offspring

Maternal Antiepileptic Use and Risk for Major Congenital Malformations in Offspring

By

A diagnosis of maternal epilepsy alone was not associated with an increase in congenital malformations in offspring.

MRI May Help Detect White Matter Injury in Neonates

MRI May Help Detect White Matter Injury in Neonates

The assessments revealed that damage in the frontal lobes mattered more than damage in other brain locations.

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

No Difference in Neurodevelopment in Children Conceived by Assisted Reproduction

Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Poor Academic Performance

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Linked to Poor Academic Performance

Test scores for children with NAS, on average, were sharply lower than those of both groups of children.

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

USPSTF: Benefits of Folic Acid in Pregnancy Still Substantial

By

The review found that there is substantial evidence that supports folic acid supplementation during pregnancy.

FDA Approves First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

FDA Approves First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

By

The US FDA has approved the first drug for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy, a genetic disease that often results in premature death.

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

Parental Obesity Linked to Delays in Child Development

In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

By

Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

FDA Issues Warning for Children, Pregnant Women With Extended Exposure to Anesthetics

FDA Issues Warning for Children, Pregnant Women With Extended Exposure to Anesthetics

By

The US FDA is requiring that label changes be made to reflect the risks involved with extended exposure to anesthetics and sedatives in children and pregnant women.

Symptoms of Autonomic Dysfunction in Pediatric Headache

Symptoms of Autonomic Dysfunction in Pediatric Headache

By

Cold and clammy hands and feet were common among pediatric patients with tension-type headache.

First-Line Treatment With Carbamazepine in Neonatal Epilepsy

First-Line Treatment With Carbamazepine in Neonatal Epilepsy

By

The results confirm the effectiveness and safety of low-dose CBZ as a first-line agent for the treatment of neonatal seizures.

Low Neonatal Vitamin D May Increase Risk of MS

Low Neonatal Vitamin D May Increase Risk of MS

By

Low levels of neonatal vitamin D may be linked with risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Shows Promise

New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Shows Promise

Despite the benefits observed, the improvements still do not represent normal muscle function.

VIDEO: Gap in Provider Knowledge Delays Diagnosis, Treatment of Infantile Spasms

VIDEO: Gap in Provider Knowledge Delays Diagnosis, Treatment of Infantile Spasms

By

Shaun Hussain, MD, MS, discusses a gap in health care provider knowledge that may contribute to the delay in the diagnosis and treatment of infantile spasms.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters