Traumatic Brain Injury News Archive
Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.
Patients with severe head injury have better outcomes if they are treated in trauma centers.
The FDA has approved the Brain Trauma Indicator to evaluate mild TBI in adults.
Less than 10% of boys and girls aged 3-17 have ever had a significant head injury in 2016.
Career participation in football is not associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality compared with limited participation.
Traumatic brain injury is associated with an inreased risk of dementia.
TBI-related tauopathy can be induced by closed-head impact injuries independent of concussive signs.
The findings suggest that [F-18]FDDNP-PET imaging can be used to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy in at-risk patients.
In former professional football players, career length and playing position seem to modify the effects of concussion history on white matter structure.
Concussion during adolescence increases multiple sclerosis diagnosis risk.
For pediatric patients with TBI, there is no apparent benefit of ICP monitoring for improving functional survival.
A set of biomarkers is associated with cognition in male professional fighters.
Abnormal menstruation is more likely to be caused by a sports-associated concussion than a non-head injury.
Memantine is linked to reduced neuronal damage for patients with moderate traumatic brain injury.
The findings add to a growing body of evidence that shows a strong connection between pathological findings of CTE and athletes who suffer repeated head trauma.
Consciousness may be detected in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries who appear unconscious, using fMRI and EEGs.
Abnormal menstrual patterns in young women tend to occur more frequently following concussion.
Children in the youngest age group consistently reported worse scores on all measures than those in the highest age group.
Above-average dementia risk was observed among all participants with traumatic brain injury.
There was a high level of agreement in examination findings between remote and face-to-face providers.
The longitudinal trajectories in the TBI-slow group diverged from the normal group with widespread increases in mean, radial, and axial diffusivity.
In future research, it will be important to examine whether more subtle, transient CNS changes occur in the absence of severe CNS symptoms.
Despite feeling recovered from their concussion, participants were likely to drive erratically.
In people who are genetically at-risk for Alzheimer's, concussions appear to accelerate brain changes associated with the disease.
Participants who performed light, moderate, or full-contact activity had a lower risk for postconcussive symptoms.
Children with TBI who underwent therapeutic hypothermia, however, experienced increased mortality and worse outcomes.
The authors have filed a patent application for their test.
Most laws focus specifically on athletes, however all athletes are students as well.
Nearly 80% of depressive symptoms occur within the first 6 months after TBI.
Deep brain stimulation appears to boost function and quality of life in patients with TBI.
Levels of neurofilament light protein and amyloid β reflect CNS injury after repeated mild traumatic brain injury events.
The intervention was well tolerated, with mild adverse effects in both the sertraline and placebo groups.
TBI in childhood and adolescence was associated with low education attainment and premature death.
The devices are the first of their kind to be granted marketing approval by the FDA.
Risk of symptom spikes appeared to be linked to an abrupt increase in mental activity.
The findings indicate that long-term damage from concussions should be a concern for all athletes.
Certain football-specific stances were also associated with greater head impact.
The changes in white matter negatively correlated with acute concussion symptoms.
The rise may account for improved diagnosis.
Notably, there was no association found between TBI with LOC and dementia.
The average number of concussions was just over 2 per person.
Repetitive, sub-concussive hits to the head are associated with near point of convergence.
Girls reported more symptoms of concussion after a poor night's sleep.
High school athletes are more likely than college athletes to demonstrate post-concussion symptoms.
Most patients underestimate their degree of sleep disturbance.
Insufficiencies in adrenal, thyroid, and growth hormone were noted.
Athletes with mental distress took twice as long to recover from concussion.
New research suggests that TBI alone may be a strong predictor for headaches in the first year of VA care among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.
The biomarker can help identify TBI in patients whose symptoms have late onset.
The readily available assessment could help identify patients in need of closer assessment.
Since the new rules were implemented, knee, ankle, and leg injuries increased significantly.
Those with loose-fitting helmets had higher rates of drowsiness, hyperexcitability, and noise sensitivity.
Researchers utilized cognitive reserve to predict long-term cognitive outcomes.
The noninvasive blood test is a promising first-step in diagnosing CTE in the living.
The risk is especially high for concussions that occur on weekends.
Rest for longer than a day is critical for allowing the brain to recover from short-term injuries and reset neural networks after a concussion..
Amyloid plaque similar to that seen in Alzheimer's was found in participants with TBI.
Several studies suggest athletes undergo head trauma through the course of a season, even when concussion isn't present.
Tao oligomers in traumatic brain injury may provide insight into the pathogenesis of neurogenerative disease.
The subject's condition was as severe as that of 43-year-old Junior Seau, who committed suicide and was confirmed to have CTE.
While there have been improvements, variation still exists.
According to a new poll, 83% of the public think players should have to take a set amount of time off after a head injury to recover.
More research needs to be conducted to determine any harmful effects.
The device helps prevent brain "sloshing" which may contribute to concussion.
Functional connectivity strength between the PCC and mPFC was significantly different in comatose patients who went on to recover compared to those who remained comatose.
The researchers hope to make the test available to parents, coaches, and trainers to administer after impact.
Ultimately, players must decide if the benefits of play outweigh the risks of injury.
Patients presenting with mandible fractures should be screened for concussion as well.
Younger patients have better neural plasticity than older patients.
The therapy doesn't improve outcomes any more than standard care alone.
CTE was found in 96% of all NFL players and 79% of all football players studied as part of the brain bank's investigation.
That Red Bull and vodka concoction is more likely to earn you a TBI, study results show.
Combined with other rapid assessment tools, the King-Devick test had 100% concussion detection accuracy.
TBI may cause neuro-psychological changes resulting in an ADHD diagnosis.
The polymer-based material changes color based on the force of impact.
Early exposure to brain injury linked to later-life brain alterations.
Higher doses of anticholinergics was associated with a longer hospital stay in patients with brain injuries.
Elevated levels of plasma tau appear to persist after multiple TBIs, contributing to chronic symptoms.
More physical play is the root cause of concussion in soccer, although heading presents a significant risk.
SPECT detected the subtle functional and structural changes in the brain between those with PTSD, TBI, or both.
Sleeping helps encode new memories, even in patients with a history of traumatic brain injury.
Dose-response associations were found for TBI severity and frequency.
Those with a history of G3 concussion are at increased risk of brain atrophy and MCI.
High school-aged student were more likely to report problems with academics related to concussion recovery.
High school football players sustained the greatest amount of concussions compared to youth players and college athletes.
MRI indicates that working memory may take longer to recover in women than in men.
The brains of people with chronic traumatic encephalopathy have distinct patterns of tau protein buildup.
Researchers have uncovered a simple panel of blood biomarkers for concussion as the CDC highlights gaps in TBI research.
Evaluating sense of smell on the battlefield is much more practical and provides more timely evaluation, care.
The simple assessment can be performed by trainers, coaches, and parents alike.
Imaging showed reduced circulation in football players that hadn't recovered from the injury.
Helmet add-ons like padding and protective layers have little effect on impact.
Gist reasoning may be more indicative of daily functioning at work and home in people with TBI.
Boxers appeared to fair worse than martial arts fighters do to the focus on hitting the head in the sport.
The tool can help track ocular motility disruption from concussion.
Researchers are now looking to study current players to see if the changes occur during play or as a late response to injury.
Applications are due March 5, 2015.
After weeks of training, patients were able to prioritize familiar voices over secondary sounds like bells or whistles.
The authors propose that experimental drugs and exercise programs may help prevent inflammation after TBI.
What separates youth football players from high school-aged players is the amount of hits, not the force of impact.
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