Traumatic Brain Injury
The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network published clinical prediction rules in 2009 to identify children with head trauma for whom computed tomography neuroimaging can be avoided.
Routine X-rays and blood tests should not be used to diagnose children's concussions, new US government guidelines say.
Gradually increasing academic pursuits requires careful planning among the medical, school, and family units to enable prompt return and avoidance of prolonging school absence.
The use of helmets may not protect alpine sports participants from traumatic brain injury.
Individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury have increased risk of suicide.
In this retrospective study, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) was associated with a doubling in deaths by suicide, especially within the 6 months post-TBI.
A combined test of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 and glial fibrillary acidic protein assay results has high sensitivity for detection of intracranial injury among patients with TBI.
Following the close of the 2018 World Cup, FIFA must consider how to better handle concussions moving forward.
The prevalence of concussion among US high school students related to playing a sport or being physically active is 15.1% per year.
There are considerable gaps in follow-up care for patients with mild traumatic brain injury who have been discharged from the hospital.
There was a shorter mean time from the index date to the dementia diagnosis among those with traumatic brain injury vs those without traumatic brain injury.
Children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury tend to have unmet needs for educational and rehabilitation services approximately 2 years after a traumatic brain injury event.
Approximately 16% of patients who met the WHO's concussion criteria did not receive a concussion diagnosis.
Patients with TBI had a higher incidence of PD compared with patients without TBI.
The investigators sought to compare NfL and tau as blood biomarkers for acute SRC and to establish whether their concentrations at various time points following the injury are linked to prolonged time to return to play.
Mild traumatic brain injury is associated with increased risk of Parkinson disease among military veterans.
Isolated vomiting was not associated with clinically important TBI or evidence of TBI on computed tomography scans among pediatric patients with head injury.
Hypercapnic acidosis may be associated with increased mortality in mechanically ventilated patients with acute cerebral injury.
The researchers suggest a need for EVI recalibration to adjust for potential associations between examinee age and assessment context.
Children presenting with head injury with isolated vomiting rarely have clinically important TBI.
Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.
Patients with severe head injury have better outcomes if they are treated in trauma centers.
The FDA has approved the Brain Trauma Indicator to evaluate mild TBI in adults.
Less than 10% of boys and girls aged 3-17 have ever had a significant head injury in 2016.
Career participation in football is not associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality compared with limited participation.
Traumatic brain injury is associated with an inreased risk of dementia.
TBI-related tauopathy can be induced by closed-head impact injuries independent of concussive signs.
Chronic pain is common after traumatic brain injury.
The findings suggest that [F-18]FDDNP-PET imaging can be used to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy in at-risk patients.
In former professional football players, career length and playing position seem to modify the effects of concussion history on white matter structure.
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