ACETAZOLAMIDE INJECTION Rx
Generic Name and Formulations:
Acetazolamide 500mg/vial; pwd for inj after reconstitution; preservative-free.
Various generic manufacturers
Indications for ACETAZOLAMIDE INJECTION:
Give by IV inj. Edema: give 1–2 days on, 1 day off. 250mg–375mg once daily. CHF: 250–375mg once daily in the AM. Acute high altitude sickness: see literature.
Hypokalemia. Hyponatremia. Severe renal, hepatic, or adrenocortical impairment. Hyperchloremic acidosis. Cirrhosis. Chronic noncongestive angle-closure glaucoma. Sulfonamide allergy.
Respiratory impairment. Renal calcium calculi. Diabetes. Gout. Monitor blood and electrolytes. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers: not recommended.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor.
Inhibits renal excretion of basic drugs and promotes excretion of acidic drugs. May increase toxicity of salicylates (acidosis), folic acid antagonists. Hypokalemia with corticosteroids, potassium wasting diuretics. Monitor phenytoin, primidone, antihyperglycemics, quinidine, lithium, cyclosporine. Antagonizes methenamine.
Anorexia, drowsiness, confusion, malaise, depression, GI distress, paresthesias, tinnitus, acidosis, initial hypokalemia, hyperuricemia, transient myopia; renal calculi, nephrotoxicity, hepatic dysfunction, blood dyscrasias, rash, fever, photosensitivity (rare).
Formerly known under the brand name Diamox.
Neurology Advisor Articles
- Excess Abdominal Obesity Linked to Severe Disability in Multiple Sclerosis
- Change in Dietary Patterns Over 5 Years in Early Multiple Sclerosis
- High-Dose Biotin May Be an Effective Treatment for Progressive MS
- Biobank Data Suggest Vitamin D Reduces Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Serious Adverse Events Profile for Cladribine Confirmed With Extended Data
- Unintended Pregnancy Common in Women With Epilepsy
- Aggressive Blood Pressure Lowering in Intracerebral Hemorrhage May Be Harmful
- Risk of Opioid-Benzodiazepine Overlap Up for Dual Prescribing
- Minority Residents Experience Burdens Linked to Race/Ethnicity
- Tips Provided for Budgeting in Medical Residency