ADHD

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children,

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents.

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD among adolescents.

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy May Be Associated With Increased Autism and ADHD Risk

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy May Be Associated With Increased Autism and ADHD Risk

By

A literature review was conducted to assess the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring.

Increased Multigenerational ADHD Risk Linked to DES Exposure During Pregnancy

Increased Multigenerational ADHD Risk Linked to DES Exposure During Pregnancy

By

Investigators sought to investigate the association between the use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy on risk for ADHD in subsequent generations.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Non-Drug Therapy in Peds ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Non-Drug Therapy in Peds ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of non-pharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Increase in Pediatric ADHD Meds Exposures from 2000 to 2011

Increase in Pediatric ADHD Meds Exposures from 2000 to 2011

From 2000 through 2011 there was an increase in pediatric ADHD medication exposures reported to US poison control centers.

Micronutrient Levels May Be Altered in ADHD

Micronutrient Levels May Be Altered in ADHD

By

Levels of magnesium, folate, vitamin B12, zinc, and vitamin D 25-OH were significantly altered in children with ADHD.

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of ADHD is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Anomalous Brain Structure ID'd in Preschoolers With ADHD

Anomalous Brain Structure ID'd in Preschoolers With ADHD

Reductions in bilateral frontal, parietal, and temporal lobe gray matter volumes found in ADHD.

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

Paternal use of SSRIs before conception is linked to an increased risk of ADHD in offspring.

Alterations in Cerebral Morphometrics Can Help Identify ADHD

Alterations in Cerebral Morphometrics Can Help Identify ADHD

No overall difference in terms of total brain volume or total gray and white matter volume for children with ADHD and control subjects was observed.

Psychostimulants in Pregnancy Associated With Increased Risk of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth

Psychostimulants in Pregnancy Associated With Increased Risk of Preeclampsia, Preterm Birth

There is an increased relative risk of preclampsia linked with psychostimulant use while pregnant.

ADHD Treatment May Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

ADHD Treatment May Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

Patients who take medication for ADHD may have a lower risk of developing a substance abuse disorder.

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

ADHD Associated with Delays in Subcortical Brain Volume Maturation

By

Significant differences in volume were apparent in the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen.

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of ADHD

Children with medium to low adherence to the diet had a 3 to 7 times greater risk of ADHD.

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Quantifying Genetic Risk in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

By

PRS presents a good tool to measure genetic loading of ADHD variants, suggesting which cases are most likely to persist.

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

By

A diagnosis of autism is associated with a doubled risk for a variety of substance use-related problems including drug and alcohol use disorders.

Poor Diet During Pregnancy May Increase Risk of ADHD

Poor Diet During Pregnancy May Increase Risk of ADHD

DNA methylation may occur as a result of poor nutrition during pregnancy.

Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Behavior Problems

Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Behavior Problems

No similar association was seen in mothers who used acetaminophen after delivery, nor with paternal use.

Epilepsy, Febrile Seizures May Raise ADHD Risk in Children

Epilepsy, Febrile Seizures May Raise ADHD Risk in Children

The 2 conditions combined produced a risk more than 3 times greater than for those without the conditions.

Brain Structure, Function Differs in Patients With ADHD, OCD

Brain Structure, Function Differs in Patients With ADHD, OCD

By

Similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but differences exist in brain structure and function.

Behavioral Therapy Before Medication in ADHD, CDC Says

Behavioral Therapy Before Medication in ADHD, CDC Says

The CDC is encouraging health care professionals to explain the benefits of behavioral therapy to parents.

ADHD Meds Linked to Lower Bone Density in Children

ADHD Meds Linked to Lower Bone Density in Children

About 25% of children in the study had lower than normal levels.

ADHD Linked to Obesity in Young, Adolescent Females

ADHD Linked to Obesity in Young, Adolescent Females

The association was found to be significant for females, but not males.

Weakened Brain Network Connectivity Observed in ADHD

Weakened Brain Network Connectivity Observed in ADHD

By

Children with ADHD had weaker connections between the salience, default mode, and central executive networks.

Quality Evidence Lacking for Methylphenidate in ADHD

Quality Evidence Lacking for Methylphenidate in ADHD

Long-term, large, better-quality trials are needed to better asses efficacy.

ADHD Stimulants Linked to Sleep Problems in Children

ADHD Stimulants Linked to Sleep Problems in Children

Methylphenidate medications like Ritalin and amphetamines like Adderall cause sleep problems.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters



CME Focus