Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial Fibrillation Tied to Higher Dementia Risk in Older Adults

Atrial Fibrillation Tied to Higher Dementia Risk in Older Adults

Atrial fibrillation is associated with a faster global cognitive decline and an increased risk for dementia in older people.

Oxygen Desaturation Index Predicts AFib Risk in Ischemic Stroke

Oxygen Desaturation Index Predicts AFib Risk in Ischemic Stroke

By

Investigators observed a significant association between atrial fibrillation and increasing oxygen desaturation index.

LA Appendage Occlusion Reduces Post-Cardiac Surgery Thromboembolism Risk

LA Appendage Occlusion Reduces Post-Cardiac Surgery Thromboembolism Risk

By

A retrospective cohort study was conducted to assess the effect of surgical left atrial appendage occlusion on risk for readmission due to thromboembolism in older patients.

Cerebral Microbleeds as Biomarker for Hemorrhage Risk in Anticoagulated AFib

Cerebral Microbleeds as Biomarker for Hemorrhage Risk in Anticoagulated AFib

By

Investigators assessed the presence of cerebral microbleeds as a biomarker for identifying patients at increased risk for intracranial hemorrhage as a result of anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation.

Post-Stroke Oral Anticoagulation Reduces Recurrent Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Post-Stroke Oral Anticoagulation Reduces Recurrent Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

By

Investigators retrospectively reviewed treatment patterns and long-term outcomes in 30,626 patients with ischemic stroke and AF who had these data recorded in 4 Danish healthcare registries.

Continued Anticoagulation in Resolved AFib May Help Reduce Stroke Risk

Continued Anticoagulation in Resolved AFib May Help Reduce Stroke Risk

By

Investigators conducted 2 retrospective cohort studies to determine whether patients with resolved AF were at an increased risk for stroke or TIA and all-cause mortality compared with matched controls with unresolved AF.

Stroke, ICH Risk Elevated in Seniors With AFib Taking Anticoagulants

Stroke, ICH Risk Elevated in Seniors With AFib Taking Anticoagulants

For patients with CKD and atrial fibrillation, anticoagulants are linked with an increased risk of ischemic stroke.

Race May Affect Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Race May Affect Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Blacks are at an increased risk of developing ischemic stroke, before or after atrial fibrillation diagnosis.

Stroke Risk in AFib Better Predicted With Delta CHA<sub>2</sub>DS<sub>2</sub>-VASc Score

Stroke Risk in AFib Better Predicted With Delta CHA2DS2-VASc Score

CHA2DS2-VASc score assessment is more predictive of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation than the baseline score.

Apixaban Not Superior to Warfarin for Reducing Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Apixaban Not Superior to Warfarin for Reducing Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

By

Although there was little difference in efficacy, apixaban did have a better safety profile than warfarin, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban.

Use of Antithrombotics in Atrial Fibrillation: Updated Recommendations

Use of Antithrombotics in Atrial Fibrillation: Updated Recommendations

By

Updated antithrombotic therapy recommendations for patients with atrial fibrillation have been provided.

Ablation Reduces Risk of Recurrent Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation

Ablation Reduces Risk of Recurrent Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation

Ablation is associated with reduced risk of recurrent stroke for patients with artrial fibrillation.

Risk Prediction Models for Bleeding Events in Afib Have Modest Success

Risk Prediction Models for Bleeding Events in Afib Have Modest Success

By

Risk scores help identify high-risk patients who may benefit from intervention.

Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Cognitive Decline

Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Cognitive Decline

By

Mechanisms including silent cerebral infarct, microemboli, microbleedings, and cerebral hypoperfusion may be responsible for the link between atrial fibrillation and cognitive decline.

Rivaroxaban, Warfarin Show Similar Efficacy in AFib-Related Ischemic Stroke

Rivaroxaban, Warfarin Show Similar Efficacy in AFib-Related Ischemic Stroke

By

The investigators noted that rivaroxaban was associated with significantly reduced length of hospital stay compared with warfarin.

Reduced Stroke Risk With Vitamin K Antagonist Monotherapy

Reduced Stroke Risk With Vitamin K Antagonist Monotherapy

Dual therapy was associated with a significantly higher bleeding risk.

Stroke Prevention May Help Reduce Dementia Risk

Stroke Prevention May Help Reduce Dementia Risk

Delays in anticoagulation treatment resulted in increased risk for dementia.

After Stroke Onset, Prehospital ECG Helps Detect Atrial Fibrillation

After Stroke Onset, Prehospital ECG Helps Detect Atrial Fibrillation

By

Neglecting abnormalities in ECG readings could result in serious acute cardiac events in patients presenting with stroke.

Intracranial Bleed Risk Compared for Warfarin, Apixaban in Afib Patients

Intracranial Bleed Risk Compared for Warfarin, Apixaban in Afib Patients

By

Patients taking apixaban showed significantly less intracranial hemorrhage (0.33% per year) vs patients taking warfarin (0.80% per year), no matter the type and location.

Many A-Fib Patients Not Getting Appropriate Anticoagulation Therapy

Many A-Fib Patients Not Getting Appropriate Anticoagulation Therapy

More than 80% of ischemic stroke patients weren't getting adequate anticoagulation therapy.

Prestroke CHA2DS2-VASc Score Predicts Stroke Severity, Outcomes

Prestroke CHA2DS2-VASc Score Predicts Stroke Severity, Outcomes

By

Clinicians should closely monitor patients with atrial fibrillation, especially if they are female and of increasing age.

Heart Failure, AFib May Precede Mild Alzheimer's Disease

Heart Failure, AFib May Precede Mild Alzheimer's Disease

By

Early intervention in patients with heart failure or atrial fibrillation may help delay or prevent the onset of mild dementia.

Stroke May Be the First Sign of Atrial Fibrillation

Stroke May Be the First Sign of Atrial Fibrillation

By

It is not clear if identifying atrial fibrillation in an effort to prevent stroke would be an effective preventive strategy.

Insulin-Controlled Diabetes Linked to Increased Stroke Risk in AFib

Insulin-Controlled Diabetes Linked to Increased Stroke Risk in AFib

The increased risk of stroke was only observed among patients with diabetes controlled by insulin.

Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Strokes in Elderly

Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Strokes in Elderly

At 1 year, no difference in complications was observed between the 2 age groups.

Stroke Recurrence Risk Low After Atrial Fibrillation Ablation

Stroke Recurrence Risk Low After Atrial Fibrillation Ablation

Twelve months after AFib ablation, risk of recurrent stroke or AFib is low.

Many AFib Patients Not Taking Oral Anticoagulants Despite Stroke Risk

Many AFib Patients Not Taking Oral Anticoagulants Despite Stroke Risk

Only 46% of patients with indications received OACs at discharge from the hospital.

Many AFib Patients Unaware of Stroke Risk

Many AFib Patients Unaware of Stroke Risk

32.1% believed that heart attack is a major risk factor of AF, which is incorrect.

Sleep Duration, Quality Impacts Atrial Fibrillation Risk

Sleep Duration, Quality Impacts Atrial Fibrillation Risk

By

Reduced REM sleep was correlated with a 23% increased risk of atrial fibrillation, while insomnia was associated with a 29% increased risk.

Short Episodes of Tachycardia, AFib Have Little to No Effect on Stroke Risk

Short Episodes of Tachycardia, AFib Have Little to No Effect on Stroke Risk

By

Long episodes of AT/AF were more likely to be associated with clinical events than short episodes.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters



CME Focus