Martin A. Koyle, Author at Neurology Advisor

Martin A. Koyle

All articles by Martin A. Koyle

Renal hypoplasia/dysplasia/agenesis

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has renal hypoplasia/dysplasia/agenesis? What are the typical findings for this disease? Unilateral agenesis in neonates is an incidental finding. Patients may debut in adulthood with renal failure or hypertension, especially if there is contralateral pathology such as obstruction or reflux. Signs and symptoms…

Prenatal caliectasis/hydronephrosis

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has antenatal hydronephrosis? What are the typical findings for this disease? Antenatal hydronephrosis is not a disease, it is a sonographic finding that may be associated with a congenital malformation of the urinary tract or not. It is usually diagnosed on the obstetric…

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