There remains a clear need for further research comprising larger cohorts to more effectively assess the utility of EEG for monitoring and predicting outcomes in PD.
The use of neuroimaging as a diagnostic tool remains at the discretion of the clinician, necessitating more research to improve clinical understanding of primary and secondary headaches.
Functional imaging can help neurologists navigate diagnosis and inform treatment and patient outcomes.
Treatment of the underlying movement disorder may help, worsen, or interfere with the treatment of the related sleep disorder, proving to be a particularly complicated therapeutic area.
Current evidence highlights the potential role of cross-talk between the enteric and central nervous systems and the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease.