Paul Huang, Author at Neurology Advisor

Paul Huang

All articles by Paul Huang

Metabolic Acidosis; Non-Gap

I. Problem/Condition. Non-gap metabolic acidosis, or hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, are a group of disorders characterized by a low bicarbonate, hyperchloremia and a normal anion gap (10-12). A non-gapped metabolic acidosis fall into three categories: 1) loss of base (bicarbonate) from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract or 2) loss of base (bicarbonate) from the kidneys, 3) intravenous…


I. Problem/Condition. Hypotension is defined as abnormally low blood pressure (BP) or a significant decrease in BP. Hypotension will lead to inadequate perfusion of organs and over time, organ dysfunction. Often, hypotension will result in signs and symptoms due to low flow of blood to the arteries and veins. In general, normal healthy adults’ BP…

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