Autism Spectrum Disorder News Archive

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy May Be Associated With Increased Autism and ADHD Risk

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy May Be Associated With Increased Autism and ADHD Risk

A literature review was conducted to assess the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring.

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Common allergic conditions, especially food allergy, are associated with autism spectrum disorder in children.

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

There are currently no approved pharmacological treatments that address these core symptoms of ASD.

Controversial New Research Changes the Narrative on Hans Asperger

Controversial New Research Changes the Narrative on Hans Asperger

Medical records of 48 children examined by Asperger show that he specifically called for 12 of the children to be transferred to the Am Spieglegrund facility, the 'euthanasia' institution founded in 1940.

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of ADHD is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Vaccination rates were significantly lower among younger siblings of children with ASD.

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adults With Autism

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adults With Autism

Researchers reported the results of a stereological analysis of the number of neurons in the amygdala nuclei to compare neurotypical development to autism spectrum disorder development.

Prenatal Ultrasound Penetration Differs in Children With Autism

Prenatal Ultrasound Penetration Differs in Children With Autism

The group with ASD had a greater mean depth of ultrasonographic penetration in the first trimester compared with the developmental delay group.

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

Although the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder is known to be more common among males than among females in the general population, information on sex-specific recurrence patterns is lacking.

Autism Risk Reduced With Maternal Multivitamin Use

Autism Risk Reduced With Maternal Multivitamin Use

Lower odds of ASD with intellectual disability were seen in the maternal multivitamin use group with or without additional iron or folic acid.

Melatonin Effective for Children With Autism and Insomnia

Melatonin Effective for Children With Autism and Insomnia

The treatment was effective in patients with autism with or without comorbid ADHD or neurogenetic disorders.

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Investigators have developed guidelines to follow for the use of art therapy in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Evaluating Risk of Autism

Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Evaluating Risk of Autism

Antidepressant use before conception was associated with a higher risk of autism spectrum disorders compared with antidepressant use during pregnancy.

Special Diets, Supplements for Autism Not Backed by Solid Evidence

Special Diets, Supplements for Autism Not Backed by Solid Evidence

All of the studies were small, including anywhere from 12 to 92 children, and they typically lasted less than 6 months.

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Infants at risk for autism do better if therapists train parents to communicate more effectively.

FDA: Beware of Purported Autism Cures, Treatments

FDA: Beware of Purported Autism Cures, Treatments

The FDA has warned and/or taken action against a number of companies that have made improper claims about the intended use of their products to treat or cure autism.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

Female participants with phenotypic male neuroanatomical features had an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.

Early Autism Diagnosis Continues to Face Roadblocks

Early Autism Diagnosis Continues to Face Roadblocks

Despite increased awareness, barriers to earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder still persist.

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

Altering Gut Microbiome May Help Improve Autism Symptoms

An open-label study examined the effects of fecal microbiota transfer on symptoms of autism.

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Autism Not Linked to Maternal Flu Infection, Vaccine

Infection with the flu or receiving the flu vaccine during pregnancy was not linked to autism in offspring.

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

Autism and Risk of Substance Use Disorders

A diagnosis of autism is associated with a doubled risk for a variety of substance use-related problems including drug and alcohol use disorders.

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Autism Linked to Exposure to PCB Chemicals During Pregnancy

Although PCB chemicals were banned int he 1970s, they still linger in the environment.

Modified Checklist With Follow-Up Effective for Autism Diagnosis

Modified Checklist With Follow-Up Effective for Autism Diagnosis

Administration of the M-CHAT/F can be done by minimally trained PCPs.

Gender, Race Impact Familial Autism Risk

Gender, Race Impact Familial Autism Risk

The rate of autism diagnosis was 11.3% for those with an older sibling with autism, and .92% for those without.

Hearing Impairment May Help Identify Autism Risk, Severity

Hearing Impairment May Help Identify Autism Risk, Severity

Children with autism had a hearing deficit within a specific frequency.

No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism, New Study Says

No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism, New Study Says

The results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.

Olanzapine, Risperidone Tied to Weight Gain in Autism

Olanzapine, Risperidone Tied to Weight Gain in Autism

Ziprasidone and quetiapine were not associated with an increase in BMI.

Despite Health Insurance Mandates, Autism Still Underdiagnosed

Despite Health Insurance Mandates, Autism Still Underdiagnosed

The authors suggest that it's "perhaps not a fair direct comparison" to note that the CDC&P estimate of community prevalence for ASD is 15 per 1000 children.

High Folate, B12 Levels in Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk

High Folate, B12 Levels in Pregnancy May Raise Autism Risk

Researchers will now have to explore the optimal dose for the supplements.

Weighing the Benefits of Risperidone in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Weighing the Benefits of Risperidone in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Treatment with risperidone over a 6 month period was associated with an average weight gain of 5.4±3.4kg.

Remote Eye Tracking Could Effectively Measure Autism Risk

Remote Eye Tracking Could Effectively Measure Autism Risk

Objective measures of autism symptom severity are necessary to accurately diagnose autism and measure the effectiveness of treatment interventions.

Autism Prevalence Unchanged, but Barriers to Evaluation, Diagnosis Still Exist

Autism Prevalence Unchanged, but Barriers to Evaluation, Diagnosis Still Exist

Special education resources appear to play a significant role in the evaluation and diagnosis of ASD.

Autism May Raise Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Autism May Raise Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes appears to be more common in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

Autism Task Force Recommendation Challenged

Autism Task Force Recommendation Challenged

Researchers have said that literature exists to support the idea that children should be screened as early as possible.

Maternal Obesity, Gestational Diabetes May Increase Risk of Autism

Maternal Obesity, Gestational Diabetes May Increase Risk of Autism

Mothers who are both obese and have gestational diabetes have a significantly higher risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Associated with Higher Mortality Risk

Autism Spectrum Disorder Associated with Higher Mortality Risk

Comorbid neurological and/or mental disorders contribute to increased mortality risk in ASD.

GABAergic Action Found to Play a Central Role in Autism

GABAergic Action Found to Play a Central Role in Autism

Disturbances in the GABAergic signaling pathway may be the cause of the dysfunction in GABAergic activity.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome May Increase Risk of Autism in Offspring

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome May Increase Risk of Autism in Offspring

Odds of autism increased in mothers with PCOS and obesity.

Brain Banks Unite to Bolster Autism Research

Brain Banks Unite to Bolster Autism Research

Two brain banks are collaborating with the National Institute of Mental Health to improve tissue donation protocols.

Changes in Survey Likely Responsible for Increase in Autism Prevalence

Changes in Survey Likely Responsible for Increase in Autism Prevalence

The amount of positive responses changed once survey questions were revised.

Are Non-Specialists Over-Diagnosing Autism?

Are Non-Specialists Over-Diagnosing Autism?

Non-specialists may be incorrectly diagnosing children with developmental delays with autism.

Google Glass Shows Promise as Autism Therapy

Google Glass Shows Promise as Autism Therapy

The app may help children with autism better discern facial expressions and emotions.

Perioperative Care Varies for Autistic Patients

Perioperative Care Varies for Autistic Patients

Nonstandard premedication types are more common among children with ASD.

Study Finds No Link Between Autism, Vaccines

Study Finds No Link Between Autism, Vaccines

None of the infant monkeys given vaccines with or without thimerosal developed symptoms of autism.

Long, Short Pregnancy Intervals May Raise Risk of Autism

Long, Short Pregnancy Intervals May Raise Risk of Autism

The association could not be explained by maternal BMI, change in BMI between pregnancies, parental age, maternal antidepressant use, and unfavorable events occurring during the first or second pregnancy.

ADHD Diagnosis May Delay Diagnosis of Autism

ADHD Diagnosis May Delay Diagnosis of Autism

Co-occurrence of ADHD, autism is associated with a later autism diagnosis date.

Genetic Testing May Improve Autism Management

Genetic Testing May Improve Autism Management

Better understanding of individual cases may lead to better care.

USPSTF Says Evidence for Autism Screening Lacking in Asymptomatic

USPSTF Says Evidence for Autism Screening Lacking in Asymptomatic

The USPSTF concluded that there is an insufficient amount of evidence to assess the benefits and harms of screening for autism in asymptomatic children.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Care Costs Expected to Soar

Autism Spectrum Disorder Care Costs Expected to Soar

The cost estimates cover health services, residential care, in-home care, special education, transportation, employment support, and lost productivity.

Rise in Autism Diagnoses Likely Result of New Classification System

Rise in Autism Diagnoses Likely Result of New Classification System

Autism symptoms often overlap with other neurodevelopmental disorders.

Sense of Smell May Help Identify Autism Spectrum Disorder

Sense of Smell May Help Identify Autism Spectrum Disorder

The sniff test identified cases of autism with 81% accuracy.

Cesarean Section Likely Does Not Affect Autism Diagnosis

Cesarean Section Likely Does Not Affect Autism Diagnosis

Researchers believe that elevated risk is the result of genetic and environmental factors.

In Autism, Age of Parents May Determine Risk

In Autism, Age of Parents May Determine Risk

Teenage mothers, older mothers, and parents with a big age gap were associated with greater risk of ASD.

In Autism, Nutritional Supplements Should Be Used with Caution

In Autism, Nutritional Supplements Should Be Used with Caution

Children with autism spectrum disorder had both insufficient and excess nutrient intake.

New Data Challenges Rates of Autism Prevalence

New Data Challenges Rates of Autism Prevalence

The Swedish study challenges growth estimates from the CDC.

Interaction with Animals May Ease Anxiety in Autism

Interaction with Animals May Ease Anxiety in Autism

When playing with guinea pigs, skin conductance, a measure of anxiety, started to decline.

Girls May Express Less Severe Autism Symptoms Than Boys

Girls May Express Less Severe Autism Symptoms Than Boys

Mild autism in girls is often misdiagnosed as social awkwardness, delaying diagnosis.

No Evidence Found of Autism, MMR Vaccine Link

No Evidence Found of Autism, MMR Vaccine Link

Researchers found that those who had an affected sibling and received an MMR dose by age 2 were 25% less likely to have autism.

Disregard of Parental Concerns May Delay Autism Diagnosis

Disregard of Parental Concerns May Delay Autism Diagnosis

There was a three-year average delay between parent concerns and diagnosis.

Gestational Diabetes May Increase Autism Risk

Gestational Diabetes May Increase Autism Risk

High blood glucose found in mother's with gestational diabetes may interrupt normal brain development in the fetus.

fMRI Activity May Predict Language Outcomes in Autism

fMRI Activity May Predict Language Outcomes in Autism

Children with autism who develop poor language skills show less activity in certain brain areas in young childhood.

Brain Connectivity and Autism: World Autism Awareness Day

Brain Connectivity and Autism: World Autism Awareness Day

Researchers have identified changes in neurol networks among different age groups of people with ASD.

Gastrointestinal Symptoms More Common in Autism

Gastrointestinal Symptoms More Common in Autism

Young children with autism are more likely to experience gastrointestinal symptoms compared with typically-developing children.

Assisted Reproductive Technology May Raise Risk of Autism

Assisted Reproductive Technology May Raise Risk of Autism

The correlation is strongly related to adverse prenatal and perinatal outcomes, especially multiple births.

Autistic Behavior Linked to Prenatal Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors

Autistic Behavior Linked to Prenatal Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors

Exposure to phthalates and flame retardants during pregnancy may contribute to autism-like behaviors.

Autism is Primarily a Heritable Disorder

Autism is Primarily a Heritable Disorder

Between 74% to 98% of autism cases are genetic in origin.

Autism Mutations May Affect Fetal Brain Development Pathway

Autism Mutations May Affect Fetal Brain Development Pathway

Certain brain mutations that cause autism in children affect fetal brain development.

Labor Augmentation Doesn't Raise Risk of Autism, ADHD

Labor Augmentation Doesn't Raise Risk of Autism, ADHD

Labor augmentation, including induction, has no association with elevated risk of autism or ADHD.

Abandoned Children at Higher Risk of Communication Problems, Autism

Abandoned Children at Higher Risk of Communication Problems, Autism

Early intervention may be key in preventing the development of autism-like symptoms.

Video Therapy May Reduce Risk of Autism in Infants

Video Therapy May Reduce Risk of Autism in Infants

Researchers stressed the importance of early intervention in infants who are at-risk for autism.

Brain Connectivity in Autism Labeled Idiosyncratic

Brain Connectivity in Autism Labeled Idiosyncratic

Brain connectivity in people with autism was unique to the individual.

Well-Child Visits Not Sufficient for Autism Risk Evaluation

Well-Child Visits Not Sufficient for Autism Risk Evaluation

The 10-20 minutes exams aren't enough time to detect atypical behaviors.

Researchers Identify Protein Module Involved in Autism

Researchers Identify Protein Module Involved in Autism

Researchers hope their methods can be used to uncover functional models for other diseases.

Movement Patterns May Indicate Autism Severity

Movement Patterns May Indicate Autism Severity

Movement patterns may serve as a biomarker for autism spectrum disorders.

fMRI Reveals Neurocognitive Biomarkers of Autism

fMRI Reveals Neurocognitive Biomarkers of Autism

When thinking about social interactions, brain activity in people with autism differed greatly from healthy controls.

Over 100 Genes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorders

Over 100 Genes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorders

Researchers have identified 107 genes that caused loss-of-function mutations in over 5% of participants with autism.

No Significant Brain Abnormalities Found in Autism Spectrum Disorders

No Significant Brain Abnormalities Found in Autism Spectrum Disorders

The differences in brain anatomy between typically developed people and those with autism spectrum disorders were insignificant.

Rise in Autism Mostly Due to Better Detection

Rise in Autism Mostly Due to Better Detection

Combination of reporting changes, unidentified environmental factors both play role in increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorders.

For Autism in Adulthood, Insurance Coverage is Problematic

For Autism in Adulthood, Insurance Coverage is Problematic

For families with adult children with autism, getting insurance coverage for treatments is increasingly difficult due to insurer age caps.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation May Aid Cognition in High-Functioning Autism

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation May Aid Cognition in High-Functioning Autism

Anodal tDCS over the left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortices improved functional connectivity.

Maternal Iron Intake Linked to Autism Disorder Risk

Maternal Iron Intake Linked to Autism Disorder Risk

A study of mothers and children reveals that maternal iron intake during pregnancy could be linked to autism spectrum disorder.

Medicaid Now Required to Cover Autism Services

Medicaid Now Required to Cover Autism Services

Federal officials now require Medicaid to cover autism services in children up to age 21 years.

GI Problems in Autism Associated with Gene Mutation

GI Problems in Autism Associated with Gene Mutation

A specific gene mutation has been implicated with specific physical traits and autism symptoms in kids with the disorder.

Family Involvement Helps Autistic Transition to Adulthood

Family Involvement Helps Autistic Transition to Adulthood

Greater impact of daily stressors, behavioral problems and worry about the future associated with more difficulty adapting.

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