Autism Spectrum Disorders

Risk Up for Later-Born Siblings of Children With ASD, ADHD

Risk Up for Later-Born Siblings of Children With ASD, ADHD

Later-born siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an elevated risk of being diagnosed with the same or the other disorder.

Bumetanide May Benefit Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Bumetanide May Benefit Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Behavioral features such as social communication, interactions, and restricted interest were most improved with bumetanide treatment; however, the authors reported no dose-effect relationship in the dose-ranging trial.

Prenatal Nitric Oxide Exposure Linked to Higher Risk for Autism

Prenatal Nitric Oxide Exposure Linked to Higher Risk for Autism

Prenatal exposure to nitric oxide is associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.

New Blood Test Identifies Metabolic Subtypes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

New Blood Test Identifies Metabolic Subtypes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

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NeuroPointDX announced the availability of the NPDX AA test, the first objective blood test that identifies metabolic subtypes associated with ASD in children as young as 18 months old.

Short Questionnaire IDs GI Disorders in Children With Autism

Short Questionnaire IDs GI Disorders in Children With Autism

A short parent questionnaire may be able to identify gastrointestinal disorders in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Most Meds Affecting Neurotransmitters Not Linked to Autism Risk

Most Meds Affecting Neurotransmitters Not Linked to Autism Risk

Prenatal exposure to most medications affecting neurotransmitter systems is not associated with estimates of autism spectrum disorder risk.

Social Stigma Worsens Mental Health With Autism

Social Stigma Worsens Mental Health With Autism

Stress related to social stigma may contribute to why people with autism experience more mental health problems than the general population.

Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

Children with ASD have increased odds of overweight/obesity compared with general population controls after adjustment for child co-occurring conditions.

Risk of Depression Up in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Risk of Depression Up in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder is associated with increased risk of depression in young adulthood.

Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Not Linked to Autism Risk

Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Not Linked to Autism Risk

Prenatal tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis vaccination is not associated with increased risk of autism spectrum disorder in offspring.

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy May Be Associated With Increased Autism and ADHD Risk

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy May Be Associated With Increased Autism and ADHD Risk

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A literature review was conducted to assess the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring.

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Common allergic conditions, especially food allergy, are associated with autism spectrum disorder in children.

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

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There are currently no approved pharmacological treatments that address these core symptoms of ASD.

Controversial New Research Changes the Narrative on Hans Asperger

Controversial New Research Changes the Narrative on Hans Asperger

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Medical records of 48 children examined by Asperger show that he specifically called for 12 of the children to be transferred to the Am Spieglegrund facility, the 'euthanasia' institution founded in 1940.

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

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Although compensating for their difficulties may help people with ASD connect with others, get jobs, and successfully navigate social situations, accumulating research suggests it can also lead to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, and depression.

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Co-Occurs With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of ADHD is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Children With ASD, Younger Siblings Are Undervaccinated

Vaccination rates were significantly lower among younger siblings of children with ASD.

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adults With Autism

Amygdala Neurons Reduced in Adults With Autism

Researchers reported the results of a stereological analysis of the number of neurons in the amygdala nuclei to compare neurotypical development to autism spectrum disorder development.

Prenatal Ultrasound Penetration Differs in Children With Autism

Prenatal Ultrasound Penetration Differs in Children With Autism

The group with ASD had a greater mean depth of ultrasonographic penetration in the first trimester compared with the developmental delay group.

Folate Supplementation May Help Reduce Autistic Traits in Children Exposed to AEDs In Utero

Folate Supplementation May Help Reduce Autistic Traits in Children Exposed to AEDs In Utero

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Children who are exposed to AEDs in utero may have a reduced risk of autistic traits.

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

Gender Plays a Role in Autism Spectrum Disorder Recurrence Among Siblings

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Although the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder is known to be more common among males than among females in the general population, information on sex-specific recurrence patterns is lacking.

Autism Risk Reduced With Maternal Multivitamin Use

Autism Risk Reduced With Maternal Multivitamin Use

Lower odds of ASD with intellectual disability were seen in the maternal multivitamin use group with or without additional iron or folic acid.

Melatonin Effective for Children With Autism and Insomnia

Melatonin Effective for Children With Autism and Insomnia

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The treatment was effective in patients with autism with or without comorbid ADHD or neurogenetic disorders.

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Art Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Guidelines

Investigators have developed guidelines to follow for the use of art therapy in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Evaluating Risk of Autism

Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Evaluating Risk of Autism

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Antidepressant use before conception was associated with a higher risk of autism spectrum disorders compared with antidepressant use during pregnancy.

Special Diets, Supplements for Autism Not Backed by Solid Evidence

Special Diets, Supplements for Autism Not Backed by Solid Evidence

All of the studies were small, including anywhere from 12 to 92 children, and they typically lasted less than 6 months.

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Early Autism Intervention Beneficial in At-Risk Kids

Infants at risk for autism do better if therapists train parents to communicate more effectively.

FDA: Beware of Purported Autism Cures, Treatments

FDA: Beware of Purported Autism Cures, Treatments

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The FDA has warned and/or taken action against a number of companies that have made improper claims about the intended use of their products to treat or cure autism.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Sex-Based Cortical Thickness

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Female participants with phenotypic male neuroanatomical features had an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.

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