Recent shifts in studies of sex and gender reiterate the critical need to tailor mental health care to each patient and to remain mindful about assumptions regarding sex and gender and their role in a given patient’s specific challenges.
According to a review published in The New England Journal of Medicine, evidence from preclinical studies and clinical trials on intermittent fasting reveals benefits for a number of health conditions, including obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, cancers, and neurologic disorders.
In this review, study authors discuss and summarize the current evidence for the evaluation and management of the most prevalent and well-described conditions in SCI, including impact of SCI on sleep and daytime function.
Responses to treatment depend on the target chosen, with 5 targets yielding positive outcomes, including the ventral anterior limb of the internal capsule, subthalamic nucleus, nucleus accumbens, ventral capsule/ventral striatum, or inferior thalamic peduncle, all involving fronto-striato-thalamocortical circuits.
A growing body of research points to the role of the gut-brain axis in the development of Parkinson disease, with inflammatory bowel disease, leaky gut, and altered gut microbiota observed in the gut, often years before the onset of symptoms of Parkinson disease.
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) with a closed-loop system that uses recorded evoked compound action potentials (ECAPs) is superior to a fixed-output, open-loop system for patients with chronic back and leg pain.
Common comorbidities in OSA such as cardiovascular disease and metabolic abnormalities, may confer a higher risk for the development of mental and cognitive impairment in patients with OSA compared with the general population.
Investigators examine the role of miRNAs in migraine, including understanding its pathogenesis, the population at risk, diagnosis, patient stratification, chronification risk factors, response to treatments, and miRNA-based therapeutic options.
The Science of Cannabis Symposium welcomed both clinicians and legal experts and aimed to provide medical and legal education for healthcare providers who are considering the use of cannabis in their medical practice.
Interventional pain modalities provide alternative analgesia in patients who are intolerant of pharmacologic agents, have comorbidities that require multiple medications, or have pain refractory to oral medications.
Rates of HIV-associated dementia have decreased from approximately 50% in the pre-cART era to 2% currently. However, roughly 50% of patients treated with cART have the milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND).