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child mother

Migraine Prevention Strategies for Children and Adolescents

Researchers found data that support intervention in chronic migraine for both the mother and child because headache frequency in children correlates with that of their mothers. Avoiding caffeine, barbiturates, and narcotics is recommended in the primary care in migraine. Interventions that are suggested are for behavioral and pharmacologic therapy with a consideration to use topiramate for children who are obese; weight maintenance; preventing overmedication; and testing and monitoring for comorbidities.
young woman holding her head

The Complex Interplay Between Metacognition and Headache in Children

Researchers found data that in adults who had headaches as children, cognitive and psychomotor ability are compromised. In a Norwegian study, it was found that attention deficits were associated with migraine and nonclassifiable headache in patients aged 15 to 17 years. Metacognitive skills and anxiety, depression, motivation, academic performance, human social interactions, and stress symptoms are common headache triggers that researchers posit can be controlled and monitored by patients.
sliding doors in the front of an emergency department

Headache in the ED: Overview and Expert Interview

Researchers found data that showed, after consultation with an expert, optimal prevention of migraine headaches for patients who present in the emergency department includes both antiseizure medications, specifically, divalproex sodium, sodium valproate, or topiramate, and β-blockers, namely, metoprolol, propranolol, and timolol. In addition, triptans are suggested, as well as antidepressants, amitriptyline, and venlafaxine.