Delirium

Prophylactic haloperidol not linked to improved survival in ICU patients: The REDUCE trial

In ICU patients, prophylactic haloperidol did not improve 28-day or 90-day survival, nor did it reduce delirium incidence.

Strategies for Preventing and Treating Delirium

Strategies for Preventing and Treating Delirium

By

Delirium prevention and the use of nonpharmacologic methods for its treatment may improve short- and long-term outcomes among hospitalized patients.

Successful Delirium Prevention in Critically Ill With Dexmedetomidine

Successful Delirium Prevention in Critically Ill With Dexmedetomidine

Low-dose dexmedetomidine reduces delirium in critically ill adults.

Delirium Treatment Has No Benefit for Survival in Critically Ill

Delirium Treatment Has No Benefit for Survival in Critically Ill

Compared with placebo, prophylactic haloperidol does not improve survival for critically ill adults at high risk of delirium.

C-Reactive Protein Tied to Delirium

C-Reactive Protein Tied to Delirium

The researchers found that postoperative delirium occurred in 24% of participants and that 12% had 2 or more delirium days.

Dexmedetomidine May Reduce Postoperative Delirium in Elderly

Dexmedetomidine May Reduce Postoperative Delirium in Elderly

By

A low dose of dexmedetomidine may reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium in the elderly.

Themes and Circumstances of Delusions in the ICU

Themes and Circumstances of Delusions in the ICU

The authors recommend a nurse-led initiative to help patients discuss what they experienced.

Delirium Common Yet Underdiagnosed in Cancer Patients

Delirium Common Yet Underdiagnosed in Cancer Patients

The researchers found evidence of several psychoactive drugs, which may contribute to delirium.

Delirium Predicts Short-Term Functional Outcome After Aortic Valve Surgery

Delirium Predicts Short-Term Functional Outcome After Aortic Valve Surgery

Delirium does not appear to affect long-term functional outcomes.

Antipsychotics Ineffective for Delirium in Hospitalized Patients

Antipsychotics Ineffective for Delirium in Hospitalized Patients

The drugs had no significant effect on delirium symptoms.

Dexmedetomidine Beneficial in Intubated Patients With Delirium

Dexmedetomidine Beneficial in Intubated Patients With Delirium

By

Dexmedetomidine was significantly associated with earlier extubation.

Anesthesia Has Little to No Effect on Long-Term Cognitive Decline

Anesthesia Has Little to No Effect on Long-Term Cognitive Decline

By

Researchers found no significant link between general anesthesia and cognitive decline in middle-age and elderly patients.

Delirium Common After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Delirium Common After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

By

Cardiac surgery is a known risk factor for delirium in adults, however its affect on pediatric patients is not known.

Link Between Antibiotics, Delirium Growing

Link Between Antibiotics, Delirium Growing

By

All of the patients had an active infection that could not be ruled out as the cause of the delirium and other brain problems.

Delirium Subtypes Linked to Shorter Survival in Terminally Ill

Delirium Subtypes Linked to Shorter Survival in Terminally Ill

Hypoactive and mixed delirium subtypes were linked to shorter periods of survival.

Delirium Adversely Affects Recovery in Post-Op Patients

Delirium Adversely Affects Recovery in Post-Op Patients

Those who develop delirium are more likely to have an increased hospital length of stay, disability, and mortality.

Delirium Raises Risk of Cognitive Impairment, Mortality

Delirium Raises Risk of Cognitive Impairment, Mortality

Researchers recommend that all critically ill patients be screened and monitored for delirium.

Non-Pharmacological Strategies Treat, Prevent Delirium

Non-Pharmacological Strategies Treat, Prevent Delirium

Reminding the patient each morning of where they are and the date can help prevent delirium.

Understanding, Diagnosing, and Improving Delirium Outcomes

Understanding, Diagnosing, and Improving Delirium Outcomes

By

The medical community is taking steps to clarify delirium pathology and diagnosis.

Pain, Depression Increase Risk of Postoperative Delirium

Pain, Depression Increase Risk of Postoperative Delirium

Elderly patients who have pain and depression before an operation may have an increased risk of delirium after surgery.

3D-CAM Accurately Identifies Delirium in Patients

3D-CAM Accurately Identifies Delirium in Patients

By

A modified 3D-Confusion Assessment Method can identify CAM-defined delirium in three minutes.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters

CME Focus