Dementia

Tamsulosin Associated With Dementia Risk in Older Patients With BPH

Tamsulosin Associated With Dementia Risk in Older Patients With BPH

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Because of the study's nonrandomized and observational design, the investigators were unable to determine any causal relationships between tamsulosin and dementia risk.

Premature Dementia Risk Increased in Those With Heart Defects

Premature Dementia Risk Increased in Those With Heart Defects

An increased risk of dementia is assocaited with congenital heart disease.

Healthy Lifestyle May Protect Against Dementia in Older Adult Carriers of APOE ε4

Healthy Lifestyle May Protect Against Dementia in Older Adult Carriers of APOE ε4

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A study was conducted to assess potential beneficial effects of a lifestyle intervention program on cognition in carriers of the APOE ε4 allele.

Dementia Less Likely in Vision-Tested Drivers Who Crash

Dementia Less Likely in Vision-Tested Drivers Who Crash

For older adults who are hospitalized after car crashes, vision testing and renewal requirements show to be related to reduced prevalence of dementia.

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Traumatic brain injury is associated with an inreased risk of dementia.

Dementia With Lewy Bodies Benefits From Adjunctive Zonisamide

Dementia With Lewy Bodies Benefits From Adjunctive Zonisamide

Zonisamide as an adjunct to levodopa therapy improves parkinsonism in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies.

Advance Directives for Dementia: Honoring Patient Wishes When You Don't Know What They Are

Advance Directives for Dementia: Honoring Patient Wishes When You Don't Know What They Are

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Because of dementia's prolonged disease course, advance care decisions and planning are often overlooked until it is too late.

Guidelines: AAN Recommends Exercise, Cautious Prescribing for Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Guidelines: AAN Recommends Exercise, Cautious Prescribing for Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

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A lower education level was associated with higher MCI prevalence in 8 of the class I studies.

Risk for Cognitive Decline, Dementia Linked to Age-Related Hearing Loss

Risk for Cognitive Decline, Dementia Linked to Age-Related Hearing Loss

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Clinicians might benefit from standard guidelines on how to assess and refer patients with hearing loss.

Increased Dementia Risk Seen in Rheumatic Diseases

Increased Dementia Risk Seen in Rheumatic Diseases

There is an increased risk of dementia for patients with rheumatic diseases.

Parkinson Disease Dementia Does Not Benefit From Deep Brain Stimulation

Parkinson Disease Dementia Does Not Benefit From Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep brain stimulation does not show significant improvements in cognitive outcomes for patients with Parkinson disease dementia.

Dementia Associated With Serum Magnesium Levels

Dementia Associated With Serum Magnesium Levels

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An increased risk for all-cause dementia is associated with low and high serum magnesium levels.

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Not Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Not Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

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A population-based cohort study evaluated whether proton pump inhibitor use was associated with an increased risk for dementia.

Amyloid-Beta Deposition, Decreased Hippocampal Volume Associated with Functional Decline in Elderly

Amyloid-Beta Deposition, Decreased Hippocampal Volume Associated with Functional Decline in Elderly

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This analysis was comprised of well-educated and mostly white patients, so these findings may be difficult to generalize to all populations.

Metformin Linked to Reduced Dementia Risk in Veterans With Type 2 Diabetes

Metformin Linked to Reduced Dementia Risk in Veterans With Type 2 Diabetes

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Previous research has shown an association between some oral diabetes medications and lower incidence of dementia.

Mid-Life Hypertension in Women Linked to Dementia

Mid-Life Hypertension in Women Linked to Dementia

There was no correlation for early-adulthood hypertension with dementia, although among women these effect estimates were elevated.

Dementia Linked to Lithium in Drinking Water

Dementia Linked to Lithium in Drinking Water

The researchers observed a significant difference in lithium exposure for patients with a diagnosis of dementia vs controls.

Dementia Risk Increased in Elderly With Less REM Sleep

Dementia Risk Increased in Elderly With Less REM Sleep

Seniors may be more likely to develop dementia as they age if they spend less time in REM sleep.

Blood Pressure Variability Associated With Elderly Dementia Risk

Blood Pressure Variability Associated With Elderly Dementia Risk

There is a higher risk of all-cause dementia, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease in the elderly with increased BP variability.

Cognitive Decline Related to Site-Specific Mid-Life Adiposity

Cognitive Decline Related to Site-Specific Mid-Life Adiposity

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An increase in weight ≥5% was associated with lower cognitive scores.

Algorithm Accurately Predicts Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease

Algorithm Accurately Predicts Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease

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Patients with the highest predictive scores faced a greater risk of developing cognitive impairment and dementia in the first 10 years after disease onset.

Hearing Loss in Elderly Linked to Greater Dementia Risk

Hearing Loss in Elderly Linked to Greater Dementia Risk

Participants with self-reported or objective moderate to poor hearing were more likely to have a dementia diagnosis.

Dementia Risk Significantly Increased for Individuals Born in High Stroke Mortality States

Dementia Risk Significantly Increased for Individuals Born in High Stroke Mortality States

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Birthplace is a significant risk factor for dementia, even after adjusting for educational levels, race, and life-course vascular risk factors.

Differentiating Dementia Subtypes With Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Differentiating Dementia Subtypes With Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Using a transcranial magnetic stimulation approach might make it easier to distinguish Alzheimer's disease from frontotemporal dementia.

Socializing One Hour Per Week Improves QOL in Dementia

Socializing One Hour Per Week Improves QOL in Dementia

Small increases in social interaction benefits older adults with dementia.

Traumatic Brain Injury May Increase Later Risk of Dementia

Traumatic Brain Injury May Increase Later Risk of Dementia

Above-average dementia risk was observed among all participants with traumatic brain injury.

Pain Linked to Memory Decline, Dementia Risk

Pain Linked to Memory Decline, Dementia Risk

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Older adults with chronic pain have been found to have poorer memory and executive function than their younger counterparts.

Medication May Influence Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Dementia Link

Medication May Influence Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Dementia Link

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Treatment with psychotropic medications may influence dementia risk in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Intensive Lifestyle Intervention Holds No Benefit for Cognitive Impairment: Analysis

Intensive Lifestyle Intervention Holds No Benefit for Cognitive Impairment: Analysis

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An intensive lifestyle intervention including diet and exercise resulted in no improvements in cognitive impairment.

Dual-Task Gait Testing May Predict Progression to Dementia

Dual-Task Gait Testing May Predict Progression to Dementia

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Although the study could not confirm that it is a definitive biomarker, the test was highly predictive of outcomes in a cohort of 112 patients with MCI.

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