Hyperacidity, GERD, and ulcers:
Indications for PROTONIX:
Short-term treatment (up to 8 weeks) and maintenance of healing of erosive esophagitis (EE). Long-term treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions (eg, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome).
Swallow whole. Do not crush or chew granules. Susp: Take 30 mins before a meal. Mix contents of packet in 5mL of apple juice or applesauce (do not mix in water, other liquids or foods); then swallow. May give via NG or gastrostomy tube (see full labeling). Treatment of EE: 40mg once daily for ≤8 weeks; if not healed, may repeat for 8 more weeks. Maintenance of EE healing: 40mg once daily. Hypersecretory conditions: initially 40mg twice daily; max 240mg/day.
Swallow whole. Do not crush or chew granules. Susp: Take 30 mins before a meal. Mix contents of packet in 5mL of apple juice or applesauce (do not mix in water, other liquids or foods); then swallow. May give via NG or gastrostomy tube (see full labeling). <5yrs: not recommended. Treatment of EE: Give once daily for up to 8 weeks. ≥5yrs: (≥15kg to <40kg): 20mg; (≥40kg): 40mg.
Concomitant rilpivirine-containing products.
Symptomatic response does not preclude gastric malignancy. Discontinue and evaluate if acute tubulointerstitial nephritis, cutaneous/systemic lupus erythematosus occurs. Long-term therapy (eg, >3yrs) may lead to malabsorption/deficiency of Vit. B12. Monitor magnesium levels during prolonged therapy. Increased risk of fundic gland polyps with long-term use (esp. >1yr) or osteoporosis-related fractures (hip, wrist or spine) with long-term (>1yr) and multiple daily dose PPI therapy. Use lowest dose for shortest duration appropriate to condition. Reevaluate periodically. IV: consider zinc supplementation in those prone to zinc deficiency. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.
Proton pump inhibitor.
See Contraindications. May antagonize atazanavir, nelfinavir (avoid). May potentiate saquinavir, methotrexate (at high doses, consider temporary withdrawal of the PPI); monitor. May alter absorption of gastric pH-dependent drugs (eg, iron salts, erlotinib, dasatinib, nilotinib, mycophenolate mofetil, ketoconazole, itraconazole). Caution with digoxin or drugs that may cause hypomagnesemia (eg, diuretics); monitor. Monitor warfarin. May cause false (+) results in diagnostic investigations for neuroendocrine tumors; discontinue pantoprazole 14 days prior to CgA level assessment. May cause false (+) urine THC test. IV: caution with concomitant other EDTA-containing products.
Headache, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, flatulence, dizziness, arthralgia; possible C. difficile-associated diarrhea, inj site reactions (IV); rare: hypomagnesemia. Also children: URI, fever, rash.
Generic Drug Availability:
Tabs—90; Susp—30 packets; Vials—1, 10, 25