In a population-based cohort of participants without cognitive impairment, the use of Cox proportional hazard regression models helped identify baseline CSF markers that were related to risk for mild cognitive impairment.
For older adults, declines in memory after heart surgery and cardiac catheterization are similar.
Smoking tobacco is a risk factor for cognitive dysfunction in patients with fibromyalgia.
The results highlight the importance of evaluating and monitoring cognitive function in individuals with recent critical illness or major infections, especially if they are already at risk for dementia.
Sub-concussive head impacts suffered over the course of a single season of youth tackle football may not be associated with neurocognitive functional outcomes.
Recommendations have been developed for nomenclature of cognitive changes associated with anesthesia and surgery.
For breast cancer survivors, treatment and age-related phenotypes and genotypes are associated with a longitudinal decrease in cognitive function.
Behavioral activation that increases mental, physical, and social activity may prevent cognitive and functional decline in older black patients.
For older cancer patients undergoing major cancer surgery, propofol-based general anesthesia may reduce the incidence of delayed neurocognitive recovery vs sevoflurane-based general anesthesia.
Area-level deprivation is an independent risk factor for cognitive dysfunction in older adults.
Cognitive disability is the most prevalent disability type among young adults, while middle-aged and older adults have the highest prevalence of mobility disability.
Many published news articles included details of the MoCA in association with President Trump, some of which invited readers to self-administer the test.
Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, which provided multiple observations, genetic information, and previous alcohol use.
Older adults' worsening vision may drive declines in cognitive function.
More than 11% of adults aged ≥45 years in the United States report subjective cognitive decline.
For individuals without neurodegenerative disease, a thinner retinal nerve fiber layer is associated with worse cognitive function.
The six-minute walk distance test is useful in identifying patients with a higher likelihood of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction following cardiac surgery.
Both patients with type 1 and patients with type 2 diabetes show overall worse cognition than people without diabetes.
For older adults, exercise is associated with improved cognition.
Higher serum HDL-C is associated with better executive function among older patients with diabetes mellitus.
Inverse association between early-life weight status and perceptual reasoning, working memory scores
A study evaluated the long-term adverse effects of maternal depression on child development.
An aerobic and strength exercise program does not slow cognitive impairment among people with mild-to-moderate dementia.
Nonlanguage Mathematical, Visuospatial Learning Disabilities Likely in Focal Neurodegenerative SyndromesMay 10, 2018
Individual patients with PCA and LDs demonstrated more right-lateralized patterns of atrophy and greater preservation of global cognition compared with patients with PCA without LDs.
Medicare Annual Wellness Visits do not appear to substantially increase the detection of cognitive impairment in older adults.
For adolescents and young adults, frequent or heavy cannabis use has a small association with reduced cognitive functioning.
Using hearing aids may slow cognitive decline in later life.
Investigators obtained data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database on patients with normal cognition (n=111) and MCI (n=193), all of whom had CSF Ng samples at baseline as well as memory and executive function evaluations at follow-up.
The ultimate goal of stroke assessment is to enable physicians to make treatment decisions that are individualized and appropriate to the patient's needs, thereby improving patient outcomes.
Retinopathy as well as an overall loss of vascular integrity was significantly associated with a greater 20-year cognitive decline after controlling for attrition.
Neurology Advisor Articles
- Survival in Parkinson Disease Dependent on Parkinsonian Type, Characteristics
- Case Study Report: Herbal Supplement Kratom Associated With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
- Mobile Health Apps for Headache: An Ongoing Search for Clinical Relevancy
- Young Fresh Frozen Plasma Infusion Safe, Feasible in Alzheimer Disease
- Behavioral Therapies May Treat Headache and Post-Concussive Symptoms
- Alemtuzumab Linked to Clinical and MRI Disease Remission in Multiple Sclerosis
- Very Early Mobilization After Stroke Does Not Improve Survival Over Usual Care
- Cognitive Decline Worsens With Memantine, ChEIs in Patients With Alzheimer's
- Levodopa Inhalation Powder Approved for Parkinson Disease
- Hematology Indicates Need for Thrombophilia Test in Children With Migraines
- Can Early Initiation of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Prevent Recurrent AFib-Related Stroke?
- Hydrocephalus May Be a Complication of Congenial Zika Syndrome
- Higher CSF NfL Protein Levels Linked to Risk for Mild Cognitive Impairment
- Addressing Cognitive Impairment in Pediatric MS: Expert Q&A
- How the Government Shutdown Affects FDA Activities