Neurocognitive Disorders

11.2% of U.S. Adults Aged ≥45 Report Subjective Mental Decline

11.2% of U.S. Adults Aged ≥45 Report Subjective Mental Decline

More than 11% of adults aged ≥45 years in the United States report subjective cognitive decline.

Thinner Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Tied to Worse Cognitive Function

Thinner Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Tied to Worse Cognitive Function

For individuals without neurodegenerative disease, a thinner retinal nerve fiber layer is associated with worse cognitive function.

Walk Test IDs Risk of Cognitive Dysfunction Post Cardiac Surgery

Walk Test IDs Risk of Cognitive Dysfunction Post Cardiac Surgery

The six-minute walk distance test is useful in identifying patients with a higher likelihood of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction following cardiac surgery.

Long-Term Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Cognitive Decline

Long-Term Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Cognitive Decline

Both patients with type 1 and patients with type 2 diabetes show overall worse cognition than people without diabetes.

Review IDs Exercise 'Dose' That May Improve Cognition in Seniors

Review IDs Exercise 'Dose' That May Improve Cognition in Seniors

For older adults, exercise is associated with improved cognition.

Higher HDL-C Linked to Better Cognition in Older DM Patients

Higher HDL-C Linked to Better Cognition in Older DM Patients

Higher serum HDL-C is associated with better executive function among older patients with diabetes mellitus.

Early-Life Weight Associated With Cognitive Factors

Early-Life Weight Associated With Cognitive Factors

Inverse association between early-life weight status and perceptual reasoning, working memory scores

Associations Between Maternal Depression, Support, and Cognitive Development in Offspring

Associations Between Maternal Depression, Support, and Cognitive Development in Offspring

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A study evaluated the long-term adverse effects of maternal depression on child development.

Aerobic and Strength Exercise Doesn't Slow Cognitive Decline

Aerobic and Strength Exercise Doesn't Slow Cognitive Decline

An aerobic and strength exercise program does not slow cognitive impairment among people with mild-to-moderate dementia.

Nonlanguage Mathematical, Visuospatial Learning Disabilities Likely in Focal Neurodegenerative Syndromes

Nonlanguage Mathematical, Visuospatial Learning Disabilities Likely in Focal Neurodegenerative Syndromes

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Individual patients with PCA and LDs demonstrated more right-lateralized patterns of atrophy and greater preservation of global cognition compared with patients with PCA without LDs.

Annual Visits May Not Increase Cognitive Impairment Detection

Annual Visits May Not Increase Cognitive Impairment Detection

Medicare Annual Wellness Visits do not appear to substantially increase the detection of cognitive impairment in older adults.

Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

For adolescents and young adults, frequent or heavy cannabis use has a small association with reduced cognitive functioning.

Hearing Aids May Mitigate Cognitive Decline, Memory Loss

Hearing Aids May Mitigate Cognitive Decline, Memory Loss

Using hearing aids may slow cognitive decline in later life.

High CSF Neurogranin Associated With Faster Decline in Mild Cognitive Impairment

High CSF Neurogranin Associated With Faster Decline in Mild Cognitive Impairment

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Investigators obtained data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database on patients with normal cognition (n=111) and MCI (n=193), all of whom had CSF Ng samples at baseline as well as memory and executive function evaluations at follow-up.

Assessing and Treating Cognitive, Mood Impairments in Patients With Stroke

Assessing and Treating Cognitive, Mood Impairments in Patients With Stroke

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The ultimate goal of stroke assessment is to enable physicians to make treatment decisions that are individualized and appropriate to the patient's needs, thereby improving patient outcomes.

Retinopathy Associated With Greater Risk for 20-Year Cognitive Decline

Retinopathy Associated With Greater Risk for 20-Year Cognitive Decline

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Retinopathy as well as an overall loss of vascular integrity was significantly associated with a greater 20-year cognitive decline after controlling for attrition.

Improving Cognitive Outcomes in Preemies an Uphill Battle

Improving Cognitive Outcomes in Preemies an Uphill Battle

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Preventive strategies for reducing the high incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia may be key to the improvement of long-term outcomes in EP/VP children.

Hep C Compounds Alcoholism's Effect on Brain Volume

Hep C Compounds Alcoholism's Effect on Brain Volume

Deleterious effect of alcohol dependence on frontal cortical volumes also compounded by drug use.

Prophylactic haloperidol not linked to improved survival in ICU patients: The REDUCE trial

In ICU patients, prophylactic haloperidol did not improve 28-day or 90-day survival, nor did it reduce delirium incidence.

Strategies for Preventing and Treating Delirium

Strategies for Preventing and Treating Delirium

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Delirium prevention and the use of nonpharmacologic methods for its treatment may improve short- and long-term outcomes among hospitalized patients.

High Total Cholesterol Neuroprotective Against Cognitive Decline

High Total Cholesterol Neuroprotective Against Cognitive Decline

For older adults with high cholesterol, the risk for cognitive decline is reduced.

Successful Delirium Prevention in Critically Ill With Dexmedetomidine

Successful Delirium Prevention in Critically Ill With Dexmedetomidine

Low-dose dexmedetomidine reduces delirium in critically ill adults.

Cognition Influenced by Cardiorespiratory Fitness, White Matter Integrity

Cognition Influenced by Cardiorespiratory Fitness, White Matter Integrity

In patients with mild cognitive impairment, CRF is associated with better white matter fiber integrity.

Cognitive Deficits Apparent in Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease

Cognitive Deficits Apparent in Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease

Children with chronic kidney disease may have deficits in global and domain-specific cognition.

Delirium Treatment Has No Benefit for Survival in Critically Ill

Delirium Treatment Has No Benefit for Survival in Critically Ill

Compared with placebo, prophylactic haloperidol does not improve survival for critically ill adults at high risk of delirium.

Cognitive Decline in Men Linked to Low Serum Sodium

Cognitive Decline in Men Linked to Low Serum Sodium

For community-dwelling older men, low serum sodium is associated with cognitive impairment and cognitive decline.

Factors Predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Individuals

Factors Predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Individuals

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Investigators sought to examine factors that influence a cognitively normal individual's risk for developing symptoms of mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer disease.

Aging-Related Brain Changes No Different in HIV Positive, Negative

Aging-Related Brain Changes No Different in HIV Positive, Negative

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HIV-positive patients with virological suppression did not have different rates of aging-relating cognitive decline compared with HIV-negative patients.

Lifestyle Intervention May Improve Cognition in APOEε4 Carriers

Lifestyle Intervention May Improve Cognition in APOEε4 Carriers

In older at-risk individuals, even APOE ε4 carriers, a multidomain lifestyle intervention seems to be beneficial.

Cognitive Training May Boost Memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive Training May Boost Memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive training helps to improve memory in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

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