Neurocognitive Disorders

Nonlanguage Mathematical, Visuospatial Learning Disabilities Likely in Focal Neurodegenerative Syndromes

Nonlanguage Mathematical, Visuospatial Learning Disabilities Likely in Focal Neurodegenerative Syndromes

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Individual patients with PCA and LDs demonstrated more right-lateralized patterns of atrophy and greater preservation of global cognition compared with patients with PCA without LDs.

Annual Visits May Not Increase Cognitive Impairment Detection

Annual Visits May Not Increase Cognitive Impairment Detection

Medicare Annual Wellness Visits do not appear to substantially increase the detection of cognitive impairment in older adults.

Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

Small Link for Cannabis Use, Reduced Cognitive Functioning

For adolescents and young adults, frequent or heavy cannabis use has a small association with reduced cognitive functioning.

Hearing Aids May Mitigate Cognitive Decline, Memory Loss

Hearing Aids May Mitigate Cognitive Decline, Memory Loss

Using hearing aids may slow cognitive decline in later life.

High CSF Neurogranin Associated With Faster Decline in Mild Cognitive Impairment

High CSF Neurogranin Associated With Faster Decline in Mild Cognitive Impairment

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Investigators obtained data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database on patients with normal cognition (n=111) and MCI (n=193), all of whom had CSF Ng samples at baseline as well as memory and executive function evaluations at follow-up.

Assessing and Treating Cognitive, Mood Impairments in Patients With Stroke

Assessing and Treating Cognitive, Mood Impairments in Patients With Stroke

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The ultimate goal of stroke assessment is to enable physicians to make treatment decisions that are individualized and appropriate to the patient's needs, thereby improving patient outcomes.

Retinopathy Associated With Greater Risk for 20-Year Cognitive Decline

Retinopathy Associated With Greater Risk for 20-Year Cognitive Decline

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Retinopathy as well as an overall loss of vascular integrity was significantly associated with a greater 20-year cognitive decline after controlling for attrition.

Improving Cognitive Outcomes in Preemies an Uphill Battle

Improving Cognitive Outcomes in Preemies an Uphill Battle

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Preventive strategies for reducing the high incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia may be key to the improvement of long-term outcomes in EP/VP children.

Hep C Compounds Alcoholism's Effect on Brain Volume

Hep C Compounds Alcoholism's Effect on Brain Volume

Deleterious effect of alcohol dependence on frontal cortical volumes also compounded by drug use.

Prophylactic haloperidol not linked to improved survival in ICU patients: The REDUCE trial

In ICU patients, prophylactic haloperidol did not improve 28-day or 90-day survival, nor did it reduce delirium incidence.

Strategies for Preventing and Treating Delirium

Strategies for Preventing and Treating Delirium

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Delirium prevention and the use of nonpharmacologic methods for its treatment may improve short- and long-term outcomes among hospitalized patients.

High Total Cholesterol Neuroprotective Against Cognitive Decline

High Total Cholesterol Neuroprotective Against Cognitive Decline

For older adults with high cholesterol, the risk for cognitive decline is reduced.

Successful Delirium Prevention in Critically Ill With Dexmedetomidine

Successful Delirium Prevention in Critically Ill With Dexmedetomidine

Low-dose dexmedetomidine reduces delirium in critically ill adults.

Cognition Influenced by Cardiorespiratory Fitness, White Matter Integrity

Cognition Influenced by Cardiorespiratory Fitness, White Matter Integrity

In patients with mild cognitive impairment, CRF is associated with better white matter fiber integrity.

Cognitive Deficits Apparent in Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease

Cognitive Deficits Apparent in Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease

Children with chronic kidney disease may have deficits in global and domain-specific cognition.

Delirium Treatment Has No Benefit for Survival in Critically Ill

Delirium Treatment Has No Benefit for Survival in Critically Ill

Compared with placebo, prophylactic haloperidol does not improve survival for critically ill adults at high risk of delirium.

Cognitive Decline in Men Linked to Low Serum Sodium

Cognitive Decline in Men Linked to Low Serum Sodium

For community-dwelling older men, low serum sodium is associated with cognitive impairment and cognitive decline.

Factors Predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Individuals

Factors Predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Individuals

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Investigators sought to examine factors that influence a cognitively normal individual's risk for developing symptoms of mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer disease.

Aging-Related Brain Changes No Different in HIV Positive, Negative

Aging-Related Brain Changes No Different in HIV Positive, Negative

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HIV-positive patients with virological suppression did not have different rates of aging-relating cognitive decline compared with HIV-negative patients.

Lifestyle Intervention May Improve Cognition in APOEε4 Carriers

Lifestyle Intervention May Improve Cognition in APOEε4 Carriers

In older at-risk individuals, even APOE ε4 carriers, a multidomain lifestyle intervention seems to be beneficial.

Cognitive Training May Boost Memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive Training May Boost Memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive training helps to improve memory in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

Elderly With Cognitive Impairment More Likely to Experience Falls

Elderly With Cognitive Impairment More Likely to Experience Falls

Cognitive therapies may help reduce falls in order adults.

Guidelines: AAN Recommends Exercise, Cautious Prescribing for Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Guidelines: AAN Recommends Exercise, Cautious Prescribing for Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

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A lower education level was associated with higher MCI prevalence in 8 of the class I studies.

Increasing Leafy Vegetable Intake May Boost Cognition

Increasing Leafy Vegetable Intake May Boost Cognition

Intake of nutrients in green leafy vegetables is linked to a slower cognitive decline.

No Benefit for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Short-Term Memory

No Benefit for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Short-Term Memory

Anodal tDCS might not enhance short-term memory in healthy individuals when applied to the left DLPFC.

Predicting Risk for Cognitive Impairment Based on Age, Mini-Mental Exam

Predicting Risk for Cognitive Impairment Based on Age, Mini-Mental Exam

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Charts may help identify individuals who may benefit most from early interventions to help preserve cognition.

Neurocognitive Performance in HIV Not Associated With Recent Alcohol Intake

Neurocognitive Performance in HIV Not Associated With Recent Alcohol Intake

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HIV-positive individuals with higher alcohol levels performed worse on several cognitive tests, however alcohol was not the primary factor.

Amyloid, Tau Patterns in Parkinson's Do Not Differ Based on Cognitive Status

Amyloid, Tau Patterns in Parkinson's Do Not Differ Based on Cognitive Status

In Parkinson's patients who are cognitively normal or have mild cognitive impairment, patterns of cortical β-amyloid and tau are not different.

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Not Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Not Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

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A population-based cohort study evaluated whether proton pump inhibitor use was associated with an increased risk for dementia.

Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale Identifies Dose-Related Adverse Outcomes

Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale Identifies Dose-Related Adverse Outcomes

The ACB scale shows good dose-response relationships between anticholinergic burden and adverse outcomes for older adults.

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