Neurocognitive Disorders

Cognitive Decline in Men Linked to Low Serum Sodium

Cognitive Decline in Men Linked to Low Serum Sodium

For community-dwelling older men, low serum sodium is associated with cognitive impairment and cognitive decline.

Factors Predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Individuals

Factors Predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Individuals

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Investigators sought to examine factors that influence a cognitively normal individual's risk for developing symptoms of mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer disease.

Aging-Related Brain Changes No Different in HIV Positive, Negative

Aging-Related Brain Changes No Different in HIV Positive, Negative

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HIV-positive patients with virological suppression did not have different rates of aging-relating cognitive decline compared with HIV-negative patients.

Lifestyle Intervention May Improve Cognition in APOEε4 Carriers

Lifestyle Intervention May Improve Cognition in APOEε4 Carriers

In older at-risk individuals, even APOE ε4 carriers, a multidomain lifestyle intervention seems to be beneficial.

Cognitive Training May Boost Memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive Training May Boost Memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive training helps to improve memory in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

Elderly With Cognitive Impairment More Likely to Experience Falls

Elderly With Cognitive Impairment More Likely to Experience Falls

Cognitive therapies may help reduce falls in order adults.

Guidelines: AAN Recommends Exercise, Cautious Prescribing for Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Guidelines: AAN Recommends Exercise, Cautious Prescribing for Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

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A lower education level was associated with higher MCI prevalence in 8 of the class I studies.

Increasing Leafy Vegetable Intake May Boost Cognition

Increasing Leafy Vegetable Intake May Boost Cognition

Intake of nutrients in green leafy vegetables is linked to a slower cognitive decline.

No Benefit for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Short-Term Memory

No Benefit for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Short-Term Memory

Anodal tDCS might not enhance short-term memory in healthy individuals when applied to the left DLPFC.

Predicting Risk for Cognitive Impairment Based on Age, Mini-Mental Exam

Predicting Risk for Cognitive Impairment Based on Age, Mini-Mental Exam

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Charts may help identify individuals who may benefit most from early interventions to help preserve cognition.

Neurocognitive Performance in HIV Not Associated With Recent Alcohol Intake

Neurocognitive Performance in HIV Not Associated With Recent Alcohol Intake

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HIV-positive individuals with higher alcohol levels performed worse on several cognitive tests, however alcohol was not the primary factor.

Amyloid, Tau Patterns in Parkinson's Do Not Differ Based on Cognitive Status

Amyloid, Tau Patterns in Parkinson's Do Not Differ Based on Cognitive Status

In Parkinson's patients who are cognitively normal or have mild cognitive impairment, patterns of cortical β-amyloid and tau are not different.

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Not Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Not Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

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A population-based cohort study evaluated whether proton pump inhibitor use was associated with an increased risk for dementia.

Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale Identifies Dose-Related Adverse Outcomes

Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale Identifies Dose-Related Adverse Outcomes

The ACB scale shows good dose-response relationships between anticholinergic burden and adverse outcomes for older adults.

Amyloid-Beta Deposition, Decreased Hippocampal Volume Associated with Functional Decline in Elderly

Amyloid-Beta Deposition, Decreased Hippocampal Volume Associated with Functional Decline in Elderly

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This analysis was comprised of well-educated and mostly white patients, so these findings may be difficult to generalize to all populations.

Early Antiretroviral Therapy May Help Prevent Progressive Brain Injury in HIV

Early Antiretroviral Therapy May Help Prevent Progressive Brain Injury in HIV

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HIV patients had reduced brain volume and poorer cognitive performance.

Predicting Risk of Cognitive Decline With Nocturnal Sleep Blood Pressure

Predicting Risk of Cognitive Decline With Nocturnal Sleep Blood Pressure

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An approximately 1-SD increase in SBP correlated with lower scores for 2 tests that assessed for brain damage, dementia, and task switching.

Cognitive, Structural Brain Changes Occur Early After HIV Seroconversion

Cognitive, Structural Brain Changes Occur Early After HIV Seroconversion

Patients with HIV treated with cART have lower neuropsychological test scores than controls, but no significant neuropsychological decline over time.

Cognitive Impairment in Multi-System Atrophy: Is It Time to Update Diagnostic Criteria?

Cognitive Impairment in Multi-System Atrophy: Is It Time to Update Diagnostic Criteria?

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Although evidence of cognitive impairment in MSA is admittedly more limited than in Parkinson disease, it is now substantial enough to address modification of diagnostic criteria to include the potential for cognitive impairment at any stage of the disease.

Risk Factors for Neurocognitive Decline in HIV

Risk Factors for Neurocognitive Decline in HIV

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Evaluating the risk factors of neurocognitive decline in HIV.

Anesthesia and Long-Term Cognitive Decline: Is There a Link?

Anesthesia and Long-Term Cognitive Decline: Is There a Link?

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Findings from animal studies indicate that anesthetics may be neurotoxic and could result in long-term central nervous system alterations and cognitive dysfunction.

Physicians Should Counsel Patients on Neurocognitive Risks Linked to Marijuana Use

Physicians Should Counsel Patients on Neurocognitive Risks Linked to Marijuana Use

Physicians should provide counseling to adolescents on the effects of marijuana.

Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Cognitive Decline

Atrial Fibrillation Associated With Cognitive Decline

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Mechanisms including silent cerebral infarct, microemboli, microbleedings, and cerebral hypoperfusion may be responsible for the link between atrial fibrillation and cognitive decline.

Nursing Home Use Increased With Cognitive Impairment

Nursing Home Use Increased With Cognitive Impairment

Individuals with prevalent dementia and any nursing home use had especially high 1-year mortality.

Vascular Dysfunction Compromises Cognition in Hyperparathyroidism

Vascular Dysfunction Compromises Cognition in Hyperparathyroidism

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Cognitive dysfunction may be the result of lower intracerebral vasomotor reactivity which is linked to PHPT.

Evolocumab Has No Effect on Cognition in Patients Attaining Very Low Levels of LDL Cholesterol

Evolocumab Has No Effect on Cognition in Patients Attaining Very Low Levels of LDL Cholesterol

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Previous reports have suggested that statins or the low levels of LDL cholesterol they promote may have an adverse impact on cognition.

Lower Systolic Blood Pressure Targets May Benefit Cognition in Black Patients

Lower Systolic Blood Pressure Targets May Benefit Cognition in Black Patients

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Findings from this trial challenge current recommended systolic blood pressure targets for older adults.

Visual Impairment Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Seniors

Visual Impairment Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Seniors

Visual dysfunction is associated with poor cognitive function in older adults.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Associated With Cognitive Dysfunction

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Associated With Cognitive Dysfunction

Cognitive deficits can be caused by sleep-disordered breathing.

Improving Diagnosis of Mild HIV-Related Neurocognitive Disorders

Improving Diagnosis of Mild HIV-Related Neurocognitive Disorders

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Effective cognitive screening instruments are needed in order to assess and manage milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.

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