For older cancer patients undergoing major cancer surgery, propofol-based general anesthesia may reduce the incidence of delayed neurocognitive recovery vs sevoflurane-based general anesthesia.
Area-level deprivation is an independent risk factor for cognitive dysfunction in older adults.
Cognitive disability is the most prevalent disability type among young adults, while middle-aged and older adults have the highest prevalence of mobility disability.
Many published news articles included details of the MoCA in association with President Trump, some of which invited readers to self-administer the test.
Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, which provided multiple observations, genetic information, and previous alcohol use.
Older adults' worsening vision may drive declines in cognitive function.
More than 11% of adults aged ≥45 years in the United States report subjective cognitive decline.
For individuals without neurodegenerative disease, a thinner retinal nerve fiber layer is associated with worse cognitive function.
The six-minute walk distance test is useful in identifying patients with a higher likelihood of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction following cardiac surgery.
Both patients with type 1 and patients with type 2 diabetes show overall worse cognition than people without diabetes.
For older adults, exercise is associated with improved cognition.
Higher serum HDL-C is associated with better executive function among older patients with diabetes mellitus.
Inverse association between early-life weight status and perceptual reasoning, working memory scores
A study evaluated the long-term adverse effects of maternal depression on child development.
An aerobic and strength exercise program does not slow cognitive impairment among people with mild-to-moderate dementia.
Nonlanguage Mathematical, Visuospatial Learning Disabilities Likely in Focal Neurodegenerative SyndromesMay 10, 2018
Individual patients with PCA and LDs demonstrated more right-lateralized patterns of atrophy and greater preservation of global cognition compared with patients with PCA without LDs.
Medicare Annual Wellness Visits do not appear to substantially increase the detection of cognitive impairment in older adults.
For adolescents and young adults, frequent or heavy cannabis use has a small association with reduced cognitive functioning.
Using hearing aids may slow cognitive decline in later life.
Investigators obtained data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database on patients with normal cognition (n=111) and MCI (n=193), all of whom had CSF Ng samples at baseline as well as memory and executive function evaluations at follow-up.
The ultimate goal of stroke assessment is to enable physicians to make treatment decisions that are individualized and appropriate to the patient's needs, thereby improving patient outcomes.
Retinopathy as well as an overall loss of vascular integrity was significantly associated with a greater 20-year cognitive decline after controlling for attrition.
Preventive strategies for reducing the high incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia may be key to the improvement of long-term outcomes in EP/VP children.
Deleterious effect of alcohol dependence on frontal cortical volumes also compounded by drug use.
In ICU patients, prophylactic haloperidol did not improve 28-day or 90-day survival, nor did it reduce delirium incidence.
Delirium prevention and the use of nonpharmacologic methods for its treatment may improve short- and long-term outcomes among hospitalized patients.
For older adults with high cholesterol, the risk for cognitive decline is reduced.
Low-dose dexmedetomidine reduces delirium in critically ill adults.
In patients with mild cognitive impairment, CRF is associated with better white matter fiber integrity.
Children with chronic kidney disease may have deficits in global and domain-specific cognition.
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