Use of the antiepileptic drug (AED) valproate during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among offspring.
Most persons with Down syndrome maintain their personal hygiene by age 13 years and work independently by 20 years.
Adults with cerebral palsy have an increased risk for depression and anxiety.
Dementia is associated with mortality in most older adults with Down syndrome.
Higher blood pressure was predicted by higher posterior circulation involvement and bilateral disease.
Neurological and neuropsychological examinations were performed to assess intellectual disabilities, and biological assays were performed on collected CSF and plasma.
Many children of mothers with evidence of confirmed or possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy do not undergo all recommended evaluations.
Severe and adverse late findings on neonatal cranial ultrasound and MRI in preterm infants, including cerebellar lesions and white matter abnormalities, may predict cognitive impairment and disability at 6 to 7 years of age.
A literature review was conducted to assess the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring.
Investigators sought to investigate the association between the use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy on risk for ADHD in subsequent generations.
There is no increased rate of neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants using inhaled glucocorticoids.
Survival without neuromotor disabilities in preterm infants has increased.
De novo KCNB1 missense and loss-of-function variants are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders.
Carriers of a deletion or duplication at 16p11.2 have neuroanatomic abnormalities that are associated with cognitive and behavioral impairment.
No statistically significant differences between the groups in the distribution of patients without neurodevelopmental impairment were observed.
The FDA has warned and/or taken action against a number of companies that have made improper claims about the intended use of their products to treat or cure autism.
Female participants with phenotypic male neuroanatomical features had an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.
The CDC report only accounts for physical birth defects, as researchers note that the full scope of developmental defects has yet to be recorded.
Significant differences in volume were apparent in the amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen.
Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.
Despite increased awareness, barriers to earlier diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder still persist.
Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.
In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.
PRS presents a good tool to measure genetic loading of ADHD variants, suggesting which cases are most likely to persist.
Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.
Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.
Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.
Although PCB chemicals were banned int he 1970s, they still linger in the environment.
The new guidelines include a step-by-step diagnostic algorithm for use in the clinical setting, as well as a special emphasis on neurobehavioral impairment.
Clear communication is key during this high-stress time.
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