For older adults with chronic pain, psychological interventions have small benefits, including reducing pain and catastrophizing beliefs.
For individuals with chronic spinal pain, pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training seems more effective than PT.
Individuals with chronic vs episodic migraine may be more likely to experience chronic back pain, chronic pain, neck pain, anxiety, and depression.
Higher education, illicit drug use, depression, and pain interference with normal work are significantly associated with opioid misuse.
State implementation of medical marijuana laws is associated with a reduction in the rate of opioid prescribing.
The study included 110,184 adults (mean age: 76 years) newly started on gabapentin therapy in Ontario, Canada.
The reasons for and against recommending acupuncture as pain treatment are discussed.
The odds of gabapentin overuse are significantly higher in patients who were co-prescribed opioids.
For youth, poor sleep worsens the associations between PTSD symptoms and chronic pain.
Another case of unusual amnestic syndrome that includes bilateral hippocampal lesions on MRI has been described.
Disposal of unused opioids after surgery is improved with an educational brochure.
The authors examined the demographic and geographic variation and the correlation between the local economic environment and measures of individual opioid prescriptions.
There is a growing emphasis on provider responsibility with the increasing focus of the overprescribing of opioids.
Higher-concentration intranasal naloxone has similar efficacy to that of intramuscular naloxone given at the same dose for reversal of opioid overdose.
Chronic pain is common after traumatic brain injury.
There is a significantly increased risk of prescription opioid deaths for those born between 1947 and 1964.
There may be more health benefits at a lower cost with immediate access to opioid agonist treatment for patients with opioid use disorder.
Chronic pain symptoms in patients with PDPN are effectively reduced with spinal cord stimulation.
Significant structural and functional brain changes in movement and pain regions are demonstrated by patients with CRPS.
Secondary myofascial pain and mandibular limitations were reduced in the acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups immediately after treatment.
For adolescents with chronic pain, a combination of different therapies such as CBT and breathing exercises may be beneficial.
Neuraxial anesthetics and analgesics are associated with fewer systemic adverse effects.
A probable diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be indicated with 2 simple tests in chronic pain patients.
In patients with multiple sclerosis, lesions in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may be associated with hypoalgesia, and lesions in the posterior periventricular area, with hyperalgesia.
There is a higher risk for opioid-related death in patients taking concomitant prescription opioids and gabapentin.
Medicare Part D formularies increasingly used quantity limits and prior authorization in order to reduce dosing of prescription opioids.
After surgical procedures, the optimal length of opioid prescription lies between the observed median prescription length and the early nadir.
The CDC is is launching a campaign to help fight the opioid crisis.
It is recommended that physicians educate their patients/their patients' family members regarding the steps to take in case of a potential overdose.
The most opioid use occurs in the top 10% of privately insured adults without cancer who are using opioids.
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