Pediatric Neurology News Archive
Chronic opioid use during pregnancy that causes neonatal abstinence syndrome is associated with smaller neonatal head circumference.
Investigators analyzed the NBEA gene to determine whether or not it could be a biomarker for early childhood epilepsy.
The study utilized the Vaccine Safety Datalink and included children who received the first dose of a measles-containing vaccine between 12 and 23 months old during the study period of January 1, 2003 to September 20, 2015.
Low total benzodiazepine dosing is linked to longer intensive care unit stays and seizure duration in children.
A case description can reliably define patients with acute flaccid myelitis.
A task force to investigate a rising number of cases of a rare polio-like disease among children in the United States has been created by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Cases of a polio-like condition that mainly affects children continue to rise this year in the United States, health officials say.
CT neuroimaging did not decrease from 2007 to 2015 among pediatric patients evaluated in the emergency department for head injury.
Meeting recommendations on adequate sleep time and physical activity and limiting recreational screen time are associated with superior global cognition among children.
There is an urgent need for clinical trials to investigate the use of cannabinoids in pediatric patients with neurological disorders.
Children with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome are more likely to be referred for a disability evaluation and meet criteria for a disability.
Parents' use of digital devices may exacerbate their child's poor behavior.
Talk and interaction during early childhood, especially during 18 to 24 months, is associated with language and cognitive outcomes.
From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children,
Pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease have higher global cerebral blood flow and regional differences in CBF.
Treatment with TPE was well tolerated in 108 of 114 treatments.
Many children of mothers with evidence of confirmed or possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy do not undergo all recommended evaluations.
Exposing infants to alcohol through breastfeeding may reduce their cognitive ability at age 6 to 7 years.
Investigators assess the diagnostic value of 2 CSF biomarkers to distinguish pediatric acquired demyelinating syndromes from non-acquired demyelinating syndromes.
Children often fill outpatient opioid prescriptions, with the most common indication for dental procedures.
Severe and adverse late findings on neonatal cranial ultrasound and MRI in preterm infants, including cerebellar lesions and white matter abnormalities, may predict cognitive impairment and disability at 6 to 7 years of age.
Cognitive function deficits resulting from indoor thermal conditions during heat waves affect university students.
Claims data spanning 4 years were obtained from a pediatric accountable care organization.
Gestational exposure to folic acid fortification is associated with cortical development.
Investigators sought to investigate the association between the use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy on risk for ADHD in subsequent generations.
Food insecurity may be linked to behavioral problems and poorer cognitive performance in children.
Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.
Neuroblastoma survivors are at elevated risk for psychological impairment.
No significant association among closing pressure, amount of CSF removed, and time to resolution of papilledema is reported in patients with PTCS.
There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of non-pharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.
Children with prenatal exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitors have better executive function at age 12 years.
Greater sugar consumption during pregnancy and early childhood may adversely impact child cognition.
Neonatal caffeine therapy for apnea of prematurity has no detrimental long-term effects and even improves some neurologic measures.
Iatrogenic steroid-induced psychosis is a rare side effect of glucocorticoid therapy which is mostly seen in adults, although it has been reported in children and adolescents.
Prenatal exposure to a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor is associated with fetal brain development.
There are significant differences in the development of 12 fiber tracts between infants with fragile X syndrome and controls.
Preventive strategies for reducing the high incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia may be key to the improvement of long-term outcomes in EP/VP children.
Rooming-in with the mother or family members may help reduce pharmacotherapy and increase breastfeeding in newborns with NAS.
Fetal alcohol syndrome prevalence ranges from 1.1% to 5.0% among first graders in 4 US communities.
For children undergoing MRI with deep sedation, a shorter recovery time is associated with use of ketamine at induction followed by propofol infusion.
The FDA has approved an expanded age range for MultiHance contrast agent.
Providing adequate nurtrients during a child's first 3 years is important for optimal neurodevelopment.
There is no increased rate of neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants using inhaled glucocorticoids.
A language delay among girls is linked to acetaminophen use during pregnancy.
Multiple imaging characteristics from fetal MRI analysis helped to yield a model with the ability to classify postnatal CSF diversion status with a high level of accuracy.
Children who are exposed to AEDs in utero may have a reduced risk of autistic traits.
Paternal use of SSRIs before conception is linked to an increased risk of ADHD in offspring.
A study pinpointed clinical factors associated with pediatric brain neoplasms to assist clinicians in making neuroimaging decisions.
A randomized clinical trial examined whether term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy benefited from therapeutic cooling.
Medicaid claims from 4 geographically diverse states were examined.
There is an increased risk of neonatal morbidity associated with exposure to ADHD medication in utero.
Neurostimulation through percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation was shown to durably reduce pain in children.
Infants under 1 year old who received general anesthesia may have less white matter in their brains.
The global prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is about 7.7 per 1000.
Survival without neuromotor disabilities in preterm infants has increased.
The researchers observed no increased risk of neurosensory impairment among those exposed to neonatal hypoglycemia.
Reduced intelligence may be linked with developmental exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
There is an increased risk of neonatal drug withdrawal if psychotropic medications and opioids are used during pregnancy.
Animal research may have helped to find a treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children.
The risk of intellectual disability among children whose mothers took antidepressants during pregnancy was not statistically significant.
Longer durations and greater depth of cooling did not reduce later mortality and disability.
Transporting neonates from the intensive care unit to MRI suites can pose challenges to care and patient safety.
With the numbers of cases of NAS rising in recent years, so is the cost associated with caring for the children.
Zika-related birth defects might occur following Zika infection during any trimester of pregnancy.
Previous research has suggested a link between early use of pregabalin in pregnancy and congenital malformations.
Sublingual buprenorphine was associated with shorter duration of treatment and shorter length of hospital stay.
No statistically significant differences between the groups in the distribution of patients without neurodevelopmental impairment were observed.
There was no significant difference in neurodevelopmental status at 2 years for infants with iodide vs placebo.
There was an apparent resurgence of Zika virus and GBS early in 2016, but no subsequent increase in microcephaly.
No between-group differences in measures of language, academic, or executive functioning were observed in those who took DHA during pregnancy and those who did not.
A 10-month-old girl admitted to PICU with sudden onset of movement disorder was found to have ingested a foreign body.
The CDC report only accounts for physical birth defects, as researchers note that the full scope of developmental defects has yet to be recorded.
Early detection and robust treatment are critical to limiting deficits in achieving developmental milestones in HIV-infected infants.
In addition to ultrasonography, MRI improved diagnostic accuracy and had an impact on prognoses in cases of fetal brain abnormalities.
The assessments revealed that damage in the frontal lobes mattered more than damage in other brain locations.
Researchers found no difference in neurodevelopment in children conceived by ART.
In both parents, a BMI ≥35 kg/m² suggested a likelihood that the child would fail the problem-solving domain.
A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort.
Moderate to high levels of drinking during early pregnancy were associated with significant alterations in circulating microRNAs in maternal blood.
Neurodevelopment improvement should not be considered a treatment goal of supplementing donor milk, the authors concluded.
The PTSD group had changes suggestive of decreased local and global network efficiency.
Children should sleep in the same room, but not in the same bed, as their parents, for at least the first 6 months after birth.
The study results suggest that headaches are a growing burden on patients and the health care system.
Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.
In addition, a second study found that Zika infection can be spread through organ transplants.
Clear communication is key during this high-stress time.
Safe sedation of children requires a systematic approach.
More research needs to be performed in girls.
Abnormal vital signs in these patients may be more common than previously thought.
The study was small, but suggests that clinicians and patients should exercise caution.
The regimen used in the study may be insufficient for neuroprotection.
Compared to laser treatment, infants given Avastin were more than 3 times as likely to have neurodevelopmental problems.
The costs of the intervention also posed a significant obstacle.
Updates were published for prenatal diagnostic testing for genetic disorders and screening for fetal aneuploidy.
Cardiac surgery is a known risk factor for delirium in adults, however its affect on pediatric patients is not known.
Slow-wave sleep fragmentation significantly correlated with neurobehavioral outcomes in a mouse model.
The large-scale national survey found differences in prevalence of vertigo and balance problems between girls and boys aged 3 to 17 years.
The most commonly reported neurologic disorders being treated with CAM were headache and epilepsy. Use of CAM was reported by 41.6% of respondents.
Higher exposure resulted in poorer cognitive outcomes at 18 months.
Pregnant women infected with virus may be at increased risk of having infants with microcephaly.
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