Pediatric Neurology

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Alcohol Exposure Via Breastmilk May Affect Infant Development

Alcohol Exposure Via Breastmilk May Affect Infant Development

Exposing infants to alcohol through breastfeeding may reduce their cognitive ability at age 6 to 7 years.

Presence of CHI3L1 and NFL in CSF Predicts Risk for Demyelinating Syndromes

Presence of CHI3L1 and NFL in CSF Predicts Risk for Demyelinating Syndromes

Investigators assess the diagnostic value of 2 CSF biomarkers to distinguish pediatric acquired demyelinating syndromes from non-acquired demyelinating syndromes.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Children often fill outpatient opioid prescriptions, with the most common indication for dental procedures.

Specific Neuroimaging Findings May Predict School-Age Cognitive Disability in Preterm Infants

Specific Neuroimaging Findings May Predict School-Age Cognitive Disability in Preterm Infants

Severe and adverse late findings on neonatal cranial ultrasound and MRI in preterm infants, including cerebellar lesions and white matter abnormalities, may predict cognitive impairment and disability at 6 to 7 years of age.

Reduced Cognitive Function for Students During Heat Waves

Reduced Cognitive Function for Students During Heat Waves

Cognitive function deficits resulting from indoor thermal conditions during heat waves affect university students.

Prenatal Folic Acid Fortification May Affect Cortical Development

Prenatal Folic Acid Fortification May Affect Cortical Development

Gestational exposure to folic acid fortification is associated with cortical development.

Increased Multigenerational ADHD Risk Linked to DES Exposure During Pregnancy

Increased Multigenerational ADHD Risk Linked to DES Exposure During Pregnancy

Investigators sought to investigate the association between the use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy on risk for ADHD in subsequent generations.

In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

Food insecurity may be linked to behavioral problems and poorer cognitive performance in children.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psych Impairment

Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psych Impairment

Neuroblastoma survivors are at elevated risk for psychological impairment.

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