Pediatric Neurology

Reducing Residential Lead Exposure May Lower Lead Blood Levels

Reducing Residential Lead Exposure May Lower Lead Blood Levels

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Clinicians and public health practitioners should advise expectant parents on ways to prevent childhood lead exposure.

CDC Warns of Polio-Like Virus Striking More US Children

CDC Warns of Polio-Like Virus Striking More US Children

A rare but devastating polio-like virus appears to have made itself at home in the United States, partially paralyzing hundreds of children.

Nine Cases of Polio-Like Illness Suspected in Children in Illinois

Nine Cases of Polio-Like Illness Suspected in Children in Illinois

Nine recent cases of a rare, polio-like disorder in children are being investigated in Illinois, health officials said yesterday.

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise Again in the United States

Polio-Like Condition in Children on Rise Again in the United States

A rare, polio-like condition in children is on the rise again in the United States, with 38 confirmed cases in 16 states so far this year.

Possible Risk of Neural Tube Birth Defects With Certain HIV Meds

Possible Risk of Neural Tube Birth Defects With Certain HIV Meds

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The Agency has received reports of serious neural tube birth defects involving the brain, spine, and spinal cord in babies born to women who received dolutegravir for HIV treatment.

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With Cytomegalovirus Infections

Ventriculomegaly, Polymicrogyria Predict Epilepsy Risk Among Pediatric Patients With Cytomegalovirus Infections

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Investigators retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and MRI images and assessed the associations between the MRI findings and neurologic outcomes, specifically neurodevelopmental achievement, epilepsy, and sensorineural hearing loss.

Early Infection With Zika Virus Associated With More Birth Defects in Pregnancy

Early Infection With Zika Virus Associated With More Birth Defects in Pregnancy

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Among pregnant women with Zika virus infection, birth defects were reported more often in fetuses and infants whose mothers had been infected with the virus early in their pregnancies.

FDA Expands Pediatric Age Range for Contrast Agent

FDA Expands Pediatric Age Range for Contrast Agent

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The FDA has approved an expanded age range for MultiHance contrast agent.

Suboptimal Neuromotor Development May Increase Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia

Suboptimal Neuromotor Development May Increase Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia

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Nonoptimal infant neuromotor development was linked to genetic risk for schizophrenia, but not bipolar disorder.

Neurostimulation Provides Abdominal Pain Relief in Children

Neurostimulation Provides Abdominal Pain Relief in Children

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Neurostimulation through percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation was shown to durably reduce pain in children.

1 in 20 Pregnant Women With Zika Infection Have Children With Birth Defects

1 in 20 Pregnant Women With Zika Infection Have Children With Birth Defects

Zika-related birth defects might occur following Zika infection during any trimester of pregnancy.

Exploring Links Between Zika, GBS, Microcephaly in Brazil

Exploring Links Between Zika, GBS, Microcephaly in Brazil

There was an apparent resurgence of Zika virus and GBS early in 2016, but no subsequent increase in microcephaly.

Radiological Findings for Confirmed, Presumed Zika Virus Infection

Radiological Findings for Confirmed, Presumed Zika Virus Infection

Similar brain abnormalities are seen in confirmed and presumed cases of congenital Zika infection.

Updated Guidance for Infants With Congenital Zika Infection

Updated Guidance for Infants With Congenital Zika Infection

The update follows the previous clinical guidance released in February.

Two Specific Proteins Linked to Microcephaly in Zika Virus

Two Specific Proteins Linked to Microcephaly in Zika Virus

Researchers are hopeful that the discovery will help prevent microcephaly in the future.

Zika Virus Linked to Congenital Syndrome

Zika Virus Linked to Congenital Syndrome

Screening criteria may need to be revised in order to detect congenital syndrome in all affected infants.

Another Case of Zika-Related Microcephaly Reported in the US

Another Case of Zika-Related Microcephaly Reported in the US

To date, 4 infants have been born with Zika-related microcephaly in the US.

Zika Infection During 3rd Trimester May Not Harm Fetal Development

Zika Infection During 3rd Trimester May Not Harm Fetal Development

Colombian study found no cases of microcephaly when infection occurred in 3rd trimester of pregnancy.

Genetic Analysis Offers Improved Diagnosis for Some With Developmental Delay

Genetic Analysis Offers Improved Diagnosis for Some With Developmental Delay

Exome sequencing led to better treatments in 4 out of 10 cases studied.

CDC Confirms Link Between Zika Virus, Microcephaly

CDC Confirms Link Between Zika Virus, Microcephaly

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After a rigorous review of evidence, the CDC has confirmed that Zika virus causes microcephaly and other fetal brain abnormalities.

Adverse Outcomes in Pregnant US Women with Zika Virus

Adverse Outcomes in Pregnant US Women with Zika Virus

Four cases ended in miscarriage or abortion, and 1 infant was born with severe microcephaly.

CDC Issues Guidelines for Infants Exposed to Zika Virus

CDC Issues Guidelines for Infants Exposed to Zika Virus

Interim guidelines have been developed for the evaluation of infants who may have been exposed to the Zika virus.

Significant Morbidity and Mortality Associated With Enterovirus 71 in Children

Significant Morbidity and Mortality Associated With Enterovirus 71 in Children

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An outbreak of enterovirus 71 resulted in significant neurological disease among children in Australia.

Zika Virus Poses a Threat to Pregnant Women, Unborn Children

Zika Virus Poses a Threat to Pregnant Women, Unborn Children

Pregnant women infected with virus may be at increased risk of having infants with microcephaly.

Disadvantaged Children at Greater Risk of Neurological Impairment

Disadvantaged Children at Greater Risk of Neurological Impairment

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The most disadvantaged children were more likely to have neurological impairments.

Information, Communication Lacking for Neurotoxicity in Pediatric Anesthesia

Information, Communication Lacking for Neurotoxicity in Pediatric Anesthesia

Improvements are needed in clinical practice, training, and communication.

Obese Children's Brains React Differently to Food Smells

Obese Children's Brains React Differently to Food Smells

Food smells generate impulsive reaction in obese children.

Seizures More Common Among Disadvantaged Children

Seizures More Common Among Disadvantaged Children

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Children and adolescents who experienced seizures were more likely to hail from financially disadvantaged families.

Central Nervous Systems Complications Reported After Deep Dive

Central Nervous Systems Complications Reported After Deep Dive

Two cases of reported acute CNS complications in young teens after dive to about 25m.

Poverty Affects Brain Development, Academic Performance in Children

Poverty Affects Brain Development, Academic Performance in Children

Those from the poorest households had the greatest deficits.

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