Sleep Disorders News Archive

Insufficient Sleep Tied to Unsafe Behaviors in High School Students

Insufficient Sleep Tied to Unsafe Behaviors in High School Students

For high school students, sleeping less than eight hours on an average school night is associated with increased odds of selected unsafe behaviors.

Many Older Adults Transition to Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use

Many Older Adults Transition to Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use

More than one-quarter of older adults newly prescribed benzodiazepine by an non-psychiatric clinician transition to long-term use.

Sleep Apnea Linked to Changes in the Brain in Older Adults

Sleep Apnea Linked to Changes in the Brain in Older Adults

Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with changes to the structure of the brain that are seen in the early stages of dementia.

Acute Insomnia Found to Be Common Among Good Sleepers

Acute Insomnia Found to Be Common Among Good Sleepers

Acute insomnia is common among good sleepers, and about three-quarters of those with AI recover good sleep.

Insomnia Found to Be Common but Mild in Older Adults

Insomnia Found to Be Common but Mild in Older Adults

Insomnia is common in older community-dwelling adults, but usually mild.

CPAP Use May Improve Sexual QOL in Those With Sleep Apnea

CPAP Use May Improve Sexual QOL in Those With Sleep Apnea

CPAP use for obstructive sleep apnea may be associated with improved sexual quality of life.

Antidepressant Use for Insomnia: Is It Effective?

Antidepressant Use for Insomnia: Is It Effective?

For this study, researchers identified 23 randomized controlled trials that included a total of 2806 adults with a primary diagnosis of insomnia to examine the relationship between antidepressant use and insomnia treatment.

Primary Care Can Effectively Manage Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Primary Care Can Effectively Manage Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Primary care management of obstructive sleep apnea is as effective and more cost-effective than in-laboratory diagnosis.

IV Methylprednisolone Reduces Duration of Kleine-Levin Syndrome Episodes

IV Methylprednisolone Reduces Duration of Kleine-Levin Syndrome Episodes

A team of investigators assessed the effect of intravenous administration of methylprednisolone on duration of episodes in adolescent and young adult patients with Kleine-Levin syndrome.

AASM: Medical Marijuana Should Not Be Used to Treat Sleep Apnea

AASM: Medical Marijuana Should Not Be Used to Treat Sleep Apnea

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains the mainstay of medical treatment for OSA.

Nightmares Common in Military Personnel With Sleep Disturbance

Nightmares Common in Military Personnel With Sleep Disturbance

Comorbid disorders of depression, anxiety, PTSD, and insomnia are all associated with nightmares.

Reduced Cortical Thickness ID'd in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Reduced Cortical Thickness ID'd in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Female OSA patients had multiple regions of reduced cortical thickness in superior frontal lobe.

Comparing Lemborexant, Zolpidem for Sleep Disorders

Comparing Lemborexant, Zolpidem for Sleep Disorders

New data for lemborexant, a drug being studied for the treatment of sleep disorders, has been announced.

FDA Accepts NDA for Narcolepsy, OSA-Related Sleepiness Treatment

FDA Accepts NDA for Narcolepsy, OSA-Related Sleepiness Treatment

The FDA has accepted the New Drug Application for solriamfetol for the treatment of sleep disorders.

Poor Sleep Associated With Worse PTSD, Chronic Pain in Youth

Poor Sleep Associated With Worse PTSD, Chronic Pain in Youth

For youth, poor sleep worsens the associations between PTSD symptoms and chronic pain.

BMI, Sleep Duration Associated With Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Major Depression

BMI, Sleep Duration Associated With Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Major Depression

Male gender, excessive daytime sleepiness, and presence of metabolic syndrome were among the risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea in major depression.

Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Help Prevent PTSD Progression

Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Help Prevent PTSD Progression

CPAP therapy shows to reduce PTSD symptoms in veterans with PTSD and OSA.

Blocking Blue Light May Reduce Insomnia

Blocking Blue Light May Reduce Insomnia

Wearing amber lenses for 2 hours before bedtime is associated with improved sleep, for individuals with insomnia symptoms.

Sleep Disruptions Associated With Increased Amyloid Production

Sleep Disruptions Associated With Increased Amyloid Production

Increased amyloid-β production in adults can lead to disrupted sleep.

Increased Amyloid Burden With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Increased Amyloid Burden With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea and intermittent hypoxia may be mechanisms that are associated with marker of increased amyloid burden.

Home Sleep Apnea Testing: AASM Position Statement

Home Sleep Apnea Testing: AASM Position Statement

Home sleep apnea tests are designed to help diagnose OSA in adults.

Prescription, OTC Sleep Medications Often Used in Older Adults

Prescription, OTC Sleep Medications Often Used in Older Adults

Over 33% of older adults have reported using medication to help them sleep.

Implant for Central Sleep Apnea Approved

Implant for Central Sleep Apnea Approved

The device stimulates a nerve in the chest that is involved in transmitting signals to the diaphragm to stimulate breathing.

Hypoxia During Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Benefit Bone Health in Menopausal Women

Hypoxia During Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Benefit Bone Health in Menopausal Women

The risk of bone health decline in menopausal women is reduced with intermittent hypoxia in OSA.

Restless Leg Syndrome Equally Responsive to Multiple Drug Classes

Restless Leg Syndrome Equally Responsive to Multiple Drug Classes

Few head-to-head trials have been conducted that have compared different classes of drugs for treatment of RLS.

Mental Health Improved with Online Therapy for Insomnia

Mental Health Improved with Online Therapy for Insomnia

Digital CBT is linked to reduced insomnia, paranoia, and hallucinations for university students.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Predicts Risk for Cognitive Impairment in Elderly

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Predicts Risk for Cognitive Impairment in Elderly

Older adults with sleep-disordered breathing have a 26% greater risk for developing cognitive impairment and a small risk for deteriorating executive function.

Impaired Sleep Caused by Stress Linked to Obesity

Impaired Sleep Caused by Stress Linked to Obesity

Stress is linked to impaired sleep and increased cravings for unhealthy foods which can ultimately lead to obesity.

Insufficient Sleep May Lead to More Risk-Taking Behavior

Insufficient Sleep May Lead to More Risk-Taking Behavior

Risk-seeking behavior may result from chronic sleep restriction.

Moderate, Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Associated With Hypercoagulability

Moderate, Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Associated With Hypercoagulability

Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with elevated blood coagulability.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Associated With Cognitive Dysfunction

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Associated With Cognitive Dysfunction

Cognitive deficits can be caused by sleep-disordered breathing.

CPAP Does Not Benefit Risk of Cardiovascular Events, Death

CPAP Does Not Benefit Risk of Cardiovascular Events, Death

Risks of adverse cardiovascular-related outcomes or mortality are not reduced with CPAP treatment.

Self-Perception May Improve CPAP Adherence in Sleep Apnea

Self-Perception May Improve CPAP Adherence in Sleep Apnea

Patients with sleep apnea are more likely to use their CPAP after watching themselves struggle with breathing at night.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Increase Complications of Diabetes

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Increase Complications of Diabetes

Obstructive sleep apnea in patients with type 2 diabetes is a predictor for diabetic retinopathy.

Poor Quality of Sleep, Quality of Life in Patients With Lupus

Poor Quality of Sleep, Quality of Life in Patients With Lupus

Quality of sleep was associated with various aspects of life, especially pain, vitality, and emotional health.

Case Report: Sleep Disorder Treatment Linked to Serious Skin Rash

Case Report: Sleep Disorder Treatment Linked to Serious Skin Rash

The patient presented with daytime sleepiness persisting since childhood even with 9 hours of sleep

Increased Rates of Narcolepsy, Hypersomnia Linked to H1N1 Vaccine

Increased Rates of Narcolepsy, Hypersomnia Linked to H1N1 Vaccine

After influenza infection, the risk for narcolepsy was increased by 2- to 3-fold overall.

New Sleep Apnea Clinical Practice Guidelines

New Sleep Apnea Clinical Practice Guidelines

The guideline contains updated recommendations from previous practice parameters and guidelines published in 2005 and 2007.

CPAP for Sleep Apnea May Also Improve PTSD in Veterans

CPAP for Sleep Apnea May Also Improve PTSD in Veterans

Prior research has speculated that PTSD may be caused in part by an underlying REM sleep dysfunction that is amplified by OSA.

Acupressure May Help Improve Sleep Quality in Nursing Home Residents

Acupressure May Help Improve Sleep Quality in Nursing Home Residents

Acupressure may help significantly improve sleep quality index scores in the elderly.

Weight Loss Linked to Improvements in Daytime Sleepiness

Weight Loss Linked to Improvements in Daytime Sleepiness

A marked improvement in daytime sleepiness was observed in patients who underwent surgical weight loss procedures.

Insufficient Evidence for Sleep Apnea Screening, USPSTF Says

Insufficient Evidence for Sleep Apnea Screening, USPSTF Says

The USPSTF concluded that there is insufficient evidence to assess the reported risks and benefits of OSA screening in asymptomatic adults.

Poor Sleep Quality, Short Duration May Increase Risk of Gestational Diabetes

Poor Sleep Quality, Short Duration May Increase Risk of Gestational Diabetes

Women who were pregnant and slept for less than 6 hours per night or had poor sleep quality had a greater risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Smallest CPAP Device Approved by FDA

Smallest CPAP Device Approved by FDA

The ResMed AirMini is meant to be used as a secondary CPAP device conducive to travel.

Internet-Based Insomnia Treatment Appears Effective

Internet-Based Insomnia Treatment Appears Effective

Over 56% of SHUTi patients were still in full remission at 1-year follow-up.

Delayed Sleep Onset Linked to Insulin Resistance in Women

Delayed Sleep Onset Linked to Insulin Resistance in Women

The study supports previous findings of hyperarousal of the inflammatory system as a mechanism of insulin resistance.

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression

Overall, 26 of the 34 studies suggested a positive relationship between insomnia and depression.

Sleep Duration, Quality Impacts Atrial Fibrillation Risk

Sleep Duration, Quality Impacts Atrial Fibrillation Risk

Reduced REM sleep was correlated with a 23% increased risk of atrial fibrillation, while insomnia was associated with a 29% increased risk.

Underlying Drug Reactions in Sleep Apnea

Underlying Drug Reactions in Sleep Apnea

The researchers graded their findings A, B, or C based on study quality.

Sleep Apnea Boosts Risk of Atrial Fibrillation, Blood Clots Post-Op

Sleep Apnea Boosts Risk of Atrial Fibrillation, Blood Clots Post-Op

Patients with untreated OSA face an increased risk of complications.

Menopause Transition Associated With Worsening Insomnia

Menopause Transition Associated With Worsening Insomnia

Women who experienced surgical menopause were more likely to suffer worse insomnia symptoms after 10 years of follow-up.

Sleep Apnea Takes a Toll on Driving Skills

Sleep Apnea Takes a Toll on Driving Skills

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea have a more difficult time keeping their lane while driving.

Benefit of CPAP Not Apparent for Cardiovascular Disease

Benefit of CPAP Not Apparent for Cardiovascular Disease

The researchers noted that CPAP users may not be using the device long enough to see benefits for their cardiovascular health.

FDA Elevates Warning for Psychomotor Impairment With Ambien

FDA Elevates Warning for Psychomotor Impairment With Ambien

Vehicle drivers and machine operators should be warned that there may be a possible risk of adverse reactions the morning after taking the medication.

Sleep Disorders and Stroke: Impact and Treatment Review

Sleep Disorders and Stroke: Impact and Treatment Review

Several studies have also suggested that sleep-wake disorders may also negatively impact neuroplasticity and stroke recovery.

Sleep Apnea Risk Elevated in Resistant Hypertension

Sleep Apnea Risk Elevated in Resistant Hypertension

There was no difference in risk of stroke or mortality between hypertensive groups.

Too Little, Too Much Sleep May Impair Men's Insulin Sensitivity

Too Little, Too Much Sleep May Impair Men's Insulin Sensitivity

However, this association was not found in women.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Boosts Complication Risk After PCI

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Boosts Complication Risk After PCI

Breathing trouble may increase risk of heart attack and stroke following percutaneous coronary procedures.

Official Sleep Recommendations for Children, Adolescents

Official Sleep Recommendations for Children, Adolescents

Sleeping too long can also have adverse effects on health.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Improves Insomnia in Menopause

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Improves Insomnia in Menopause

The telephone-based treatment would allow for broader patient utilization.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Has Significant Impact on Neurocognitive Function

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Has Significant Impact on Neurocognitive Function

Surprisingly, the researchers found that snoring alone has an impact on cognitive function.

ACP Guidelines: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy First-Line Treatment for Insomnia

ACP Guidelines: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy First-Line Treatment for Insomnia

Drugs should only be considered in insomnia if CBT is not successful.

Insomnia May Alter White Matter Tracts in Right Brain

Insomnia May Alter White Matter Tracts in Right Brain

Primary insomnia patients have lower FA values in regions in the right brain.

Sleep Problems in Young Adults May Predict Future Chronic Pain

Sleep Problems in Young Adults May Predict Future Chronic Pain

The study included 1,750 participants and had a 3-year follow up period.

Reduction in Metabolic Rate With CPAP Treatment for OSA

Reduction in Metabolic Rate With CPAP Treatment for OSA

A study was performed to identify the underlying mechanisms by which patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) gain weight after initiating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment.

Longer Sleep Duration Linked to Intracerebral Hemorrhage Risk

Longer Sleep Duration Linked to Intracerebral Hemorrhage Risk

Sleep duration has previously been linked to hypertension and stroke risk.

Clonazepam Falling Short as REM Sleep Behavior Disorder Treatment

Clonazepam Falling Short as REM Sleep Behavior Disorder Treatment

Researchers suggest that there are more effective or adjunctive interventions to resolve symptoms of RBD.

CPAP Improves Glucose Control in Pts With Sleep Apnea, Type 2 Diabetes

CPAP Improves Glucose Control in Pts With Sleep Apnea, Type 2 Diabetes

After 6 months, the CPAP group saw a greater decrease in HbA1c levels compared to controls.

Disrupted Sleep Affects Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Integrity

Disrupted Sleep Affects Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Integrity

Researchers identify connection between disordered sleep, cardiovascular health, and subcortical infarcts in older adults.

Finances Not Primary Obstacle in CPAP Adherence

Finances Not Primary Obstacle in CPAP Adherence

Still, those with a higher income had a 27% greater chance of CPAP acceptance.

Gabapentin Enacarbil Effective In Treating Severe Restless Leg Syndrome

Gabapentin Enacarbil Effective In Treating Severe Restless Leg Syndrome

Gabapentin enacarbil (Gen) administered once daily to patients with severe primary RLS significantly improved sleep, mood, pain, and quality of life.

Statins May Reduce Cardiovascular Risk in Sleep Apnea

Statins May Reduce Cardiovascular Risk in Sleep Apnea

The preliminary study indicates that statins may help reduce the chronic inflammation of blood vessels seen in sleep apnea.

Many Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Not Being Treated

Many Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Not Being Treated

Only 42% with diagnoses OSA report adherence to CPAP treatment.

COPD Predicted By Expiratory Snoring in Sleep Disordered Breathing

COPD Predicted By Expiratory Snoring in Sleep Disordered Breathing

Patients with expiratory snoring had increased odds of having evidence of lower airway obstruction.

Sleep Apnea Treatments Have Similar Effect on Blood Pressure

Sleep Apnea Treatments Have Similar Effect on Blood Pressure

CPAP has a much higher probability of being the most strongly associated with SBP reduction.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Exercise Effective for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Exercise Effective for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

The benefits of CBT and exercise can last over 2 years.

Central Sleep Apnea Associated with Atrial Fibrillation Risk in Older Men

Central Sleep Apnea Associated with Atrial Fibrillation Risk in Older Men

A-fib was associated with central apnea, Cheyne Stokes respiration, apnea hypopnea index in older men.

Consumption of Oily Fish Associated with Improved Sleep Quality

Consumption of Oily Fish Associated with Improved Sleep Quality

Even those who ingested more than the recommended amount of oily fish servings saw further improvement of sleep quality.

NIH Revamping Research Efforts for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

NIH Revamping Research Efforts for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Due to new diagnostic criteria for ME/CFS, the NIH is renewing efforts to understand the disease.

Tasimelteon Entrains Circadian Rhythm in Non-24 Sleep Disorder

Tasimelteon Entrains Circadian Rhythm in Non-24 Sleep Disorder

Tasimelteon, when sustained, effectively entrains circadian rhythm in blind patients with non-24 disorder.

Community Income Level Doesn't Affect CPAP Uptake

Community Income Level Doesn't Affect CPAP Uptake

Research suggests other obstacles are primarily responsible for low CPAP uptake.

Functional Connectivity Linked to Severity of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Functional Connectivity Linked to Severity of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Decreased rs-functional connectivity across brain regions was strongly correlated with fatigue severity.

Metabolite Levels Tied to Circadian Disruption

Metabolite Levels Tied to Circadian Disruption

In mice, the process can be reversed with nutritional supplementation.

Cranial Nerve Stimulation Effective for Sleep Apnea

Cranial Nerve Stimulation Effective for Sleep Apnea

In some patients, CNS worked better than CPAP therapy.

Depression in Sleep Apnea Reduced with CPAP Therapy

Depression in Sleep Apnea Reduced with CPAP Therapy

Obstructive sleep apnea may be misdiagnosed as depression.

In Sleep Apnea, CPAP Linked to Beneficial Activity in Brain Stem

In Sleep Apnea, CPAP Linked to Beneficial Activity in Brain Stem

Continuous positive airway pressure was linked with restored sympathetic drive.

Lack of Sleep Increases Likelihood of Catching a Cold

Lack of Sleep Increases Likelihood of Catching a Cold

Sleeping less than five hours per night resulted in a 4.5 times greater risk of rhinovirus taking hold.

Multidisciplinary Rehab More Effective for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Multidisciplinary Rehab More Effective for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Multidisciplinary rehabilitation was significantly more effective at reducing fatigue vs. cognitive behavioral therapy.

Spending Time Outdoors May Help Reduce Insufficient Sleep

Spending Time Outdoors May Help Reduce Insufficient Sleep

Participants' sleep habits, especially those of men, benefited from spending time outdoors.

Partial Reinforcement May Help Maintain Treatment Gains in Insomnia

Partial Reinforcement May Help Maintain Treatment Gains in Insomnia

Poorer sleep continuity was noted for intermittent dosing with 10 mg zolpidem.

Call for Later School Start Times to Improve Adolescent Sleep Habits

Call for Later School Start Times to Improve Adolescent Sleep Habits

Only one-third of adolescents get at least 8 hours of sleep on weeknights.

'Low and Slow' Treatment of Insomnia Might Not Be Ideal

'Low and Slow' Treatment of Insomnia Might Not Be Ideal

The results are in contrast to current "low and slow" treatment strategies for insomnia.

Clinical Evaluation, Pulse Ox More Efficient for Sleep Apnea Detection

Clinical Evaluation, Pulse Ox More Efficient for Sleep Apnea Detection

The evaluation and use of pulse ox may be a more efficient method of detecting sleep apnea.

Sleeping Less Than Seven Hours Raises Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

Sleeping Less Than Seven Hours Raises Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

The link is dose dependent, with risk increasing with less sleep duration.

Sleep Apnea May Heighten Risk of Panic Disorder

Sleep Apnea May Heighten Risk of Panic Disorder

Patients with sleep apnea showed a predisposition to develop panic disorder.

Physicial Exercise May Prevent Poor Sleep Quality in Elderly

Physicial Exercise May Prevent Poor Sleep Quality in Elderly

The intervention did not seem to resolve existing sleep issues, however.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Insomnia in Mental Illness

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Insomnia in Mental Illness

Patients with psychiatric disorders who received CBT for insomnia saw symptom of both conditions improve.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Increases Fall Risk in Elderly

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Increases Fall Risk in Elderly

Daytime sleepiness is common in older adults as quality and quantity of sleep changes with age.

REM Sleep Affects Plasticity in Developing Brains

REM Sleep Affects Plasticity in Developing Brains

REM sleep helps make changes to brain circuitry permanent.

Restless Leg Syndrome Increases Stroke Risk

Restless Leg Syndrome Increases Stroke Risk

People with restless leg syndrome may have an increased stroke risk.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters



CME Focus