How can SUDEP research be enhanced?

Understanding Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy

  Understanding Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy An estimated 2.2 million people in the United States have epilepsy, with 150,000 new cases diagnosed annually.1 Patients with epilepsy are at a significantly increased risk of premature mortality2 due to a variety of causes. Patients with epilepsy may sustain traumatic injuries during a seizure event, such as…
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of muscles, tendons, and joints without detectable inflammation. It affects an estimated 3 to 6 million Americans. Fibromyalgia is the second most common disorder seen by rheumatologists. It predominantly affects women at a rate of 3.4%, and less commonly, men at 0.5%, children at 1.2% to 6.2%, and the elderly. Prevalence increases with age, and diagnosis is most common between ages 60 and 79, although symptoms are often present years prior to diagnosis. It can occur independently or can be associated with another rheumatic disease, such as systemic lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Diagnosing and Treating Fibromyalgia

A woman aged 53 presents with fatigue, tingling in the hands and feet, and muscular pain, particularly in the lower back. Symptoms have been present for 6 months, but have not become worse or better. Upon questioning, the patient admits to feeling a lack of initiative to engage in her typical activities, including moderate exercise.…
Slightly more providers supported or were neutral on the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

ACA Survey Results: Have Opinions Changed?

Nearly 400 healthcare providers responded to the Affordable Care Act Survey between December 2014 and February 2015, answering questions about how their opinion on health reform has changed since it was signed into law in March 2010.View the slideshow to learn more about how clinicians feel the ACA has influenced how they spend their time,…
Disease-Modifying Relapsing MS Treatments

Multiple Sclerosis Year in Review

In 2014, significant research progress has been made towards the treatment and prevention of multiple sclerosis (MS). Among the advancements are new medications that have received FDA approval, treatments that have shown promise in clinical trials, and the identification of several new risk factors. View the slides to read more about some of the most…
To improve stroke outcomes, a few hospitals in Germany and the United States are now using mobile stroke treatment units. Each unit, housed in an ambulance-type vehicle, has an onboard paramedic, critical care nurse, EMT, and CT technologist. A portable CT scanner takes brain images in 2 minutes, which are then sent via wireless link to hospital neurologists and neuroradiologists for diagnosis. Doctors then prescribe and direct treatment via a video connection.Mobile stroke treatment units can treat strokes in as little as 11 minutes after arrival. Because the timing of stroke treatment is so crucial, these new units are giving patients the chance for a full recovery that they may not have had with traditional emergency care.

Top 10 Medical Innovations of 2014

The Cleveland Clinic has selected the top 10 medical innovations introduced in 2014 that they predict will have the biggest impact on improving patient care in 2015. The list includes more effective medications, new vaccines, and novel devices that improve upon existing treatment options. View the slideshow to learn more about each of the 10…
Childhood ADHD is comprised of three types: hyperactive/impulsive type, inattentive type and combined type. Symptoms may include inability to pay attention or sit still; impulsivity; trouble listening to a speaker, following directions, finishing tasks or keeping track of personal items; excessive talking; and difficulty playing quietly.

ADHD in Children: Types and Treatments

Attention-deficit hyperactivity-disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobehavioral childhood disorders, according to the CDC. American Psychiatric Association data reveal that between 3% and 7% of U.S. school age children have some form of ADHD as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria, and that prevalence has been increasing in…
For most people, pain is an automatic reflex that protects them from damaging stimulus like a hot stove or candle. For example, heat exposure activates pain receptors in the skin, which pass a signal along a sensory neuron to the spinal cord. This activates a motor neuron, which sends a signal to the muscles in the arm, causing it to contract. But nerve damage can send false signals that cause real pain, or prevent individuals from feeling pain when they are injured.

Neuropathic Pain: Symptoms & Treatment

Nerve damage affects approximately 20 million Americans. There more than 100 different types of nerve damage with a range of different causes including compression, trauma, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, motor neuron diseases, nutritional deficiencies, infections, cancer and drug side effects and toxicities. Learn more about the symptoms of and treatments for neuropathic pain with this slideshow.
Babies that fail to respond to their name by the age of 12 months or that are consistently unresponsive to the voice of a parent may be displaying early signs of an ASD.

Signs and Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disorders that pose social, behavioral and communication challenges that range from mild to severe. The CDC estimates that one in every 110 U.S. children have an ASD and approximately 730,000 people aged 0 to 21 years currently live with the disorder. On average, boys are four-…