Predicting Post-Stroke Discharge Destination With Outcome Scores

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Patients with higher Functional Independent Measure scores were more likely to be discharged home following stroke.
Patients with higher Functional Independent Measure scores were more likely to be discharged home following stroke.

HealthDay News — For patients with acute or subacute stroke, outcome measure scores are associated with discharge destination, according to a review published in the January issue of the Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy.

Emily R. Thorpe, DPT, from Walsh University in North Canton, Ohio, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review of studies in 3 databases to examine the correlation between outcome measure scores and discharge destination in adults after acute or subacute stroke. Nine cohort studies were included in the systematic review and 5 in meta-analyses.

The researchers found that a patient was approximately 1.08 times more likely to be discharged home than to institutionalized care for every 1-point increase on the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) (odds ratio [OR], 1.079). The likelihood of being discharged home was increased more than 12-fold for patients with stroke who performed above average (FIM ≥80; National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≤5; OR, 12.08). Patients who performed poorly (FIM ≤39; NIHSS score ≥14) were more likely to be discharged to institutionalized care than home (OR, 3.385), with admission to skilled nursing facility more likely than to inpatient rehabilitation facility. Average performance (FIM=40 to 79; NIHSS score=6 to 13) was associated with a 1.9-fold increased likelihood of being discharged to institutionalized care (OR, 1.879).

"Outcome measure scores are strong predictors of discharge destination among patients with stroke and provide an objective means of early discharge planning," the authors wrote.

Reference

Thorpe E, Garrett KB, Smith AM, Reneker JC, Phillips RS. Outcome measure scores predict discharge destination in patients with acute and subacute stroke: a systematic review and series of meta-analysesJ Neurol Phys Ther. 2018;42(1):2-11.

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