Stroke

NIHSS May Misjudge Infratentorial Lesions in Thrombolysis-Eligible Stroke

NIHSS May Misjudge Infratentorial Lesions in Thrombolysis-Eligible Stroke

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Researchers predict that an NIHSS score ≥6 for an infratentorial stroke may require more aggressive treatment than just thrombolysis alone.

Does a Culturally Tailored Intervention Reduce Long-Term Vascular Risk in Minorities?

Does a Culturally Tailored Intervention Reduce Long-Term Vascular Risk in Minorities?

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Culturally tailored, skills-based strategies may be an important alternative to knowledge-focused approaches in achieving sustained vascular risk reduction and addressing racial/ethnic stroke disparities.

Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation Improves Readiness for Decannulation in Post-Stroke Dysphagia

Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation Improves Readiness for Decannulation in Post-Stroke Dysphagia

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A significantly higher percentage of patients in the pharyngeal electrical stimulation group of the PHAST-TRAC trial were ready for decannulation after 3 days of treatment vs the sham control group.

Neurofilament Light: Biomarker of Neuroaxonal Injury After Ischemic Stroke

Neurofilament Light: Biomarker of Neuroaxonal Injury After Ischemic Stroke

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Investigators explored the use of serum neurofilament light chain as a biomarker for primary and secondary neuroaxonal injury after ischemic stroke.

Left Atrial Enlargement Linked to Vascular Brain Injury

Left Atrial Enlargement Linked to Vascular Brain Injury

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Investigators examine the association between LAD and vascular brain injury on brain MRI.

Dextroamphetamine Plus Physical Therapy Nonsuperior to Placebo for Improving Post-Stroke Motor Recovery

Dextroamphetamine Plus Physical Therapy Nonsuperior to Placebo for Improving Post-Stroke Motor Recovery

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No significant difference was observed between the treatment and placebo arms in change in the Fugl-Meyer motor scores from baseline to 3-month follow-up.

Cannabidiol Gets Orphan Drug Status for Preventing Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Cannabidiol Gets Orphan Drug Status for Preventing Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

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The designation was granted to Revive Therapeutics, a company that specializes in cannabis-based pharmaceuticals.

In-Hospital Infection May Up Readmission After Stroke

In-Hospital Infection May Up Readmission After Stroke

For patients with ischemic stroke, infection during stroke hospitalization is associated with increased odds of 30-day readmission.

ACA Implementation Decreased Rates of Therapy Nonadherence in Stroke Survivors

ACA Implementation Decreased Rates of Therapy Nonadherence in Stroke Survivors

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A review of data recorded in the National Health Interview Survey showed that cost-related nonadherence with medication decreased in stroke survivors following the implementation of the ACA.

Mood Stabilizers Associated With Increased Risk for Stroke in Bipolar Disorder

Mood Stabilizers Associated With Increased Risk for Stroke in Bipolar Disorder

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Exposure to carbamazepine was associated with the highest risk for stroke, particularly ischemic stroke.

Recommended Levels of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Associated With Cerebral Vessel Density, Flow

Recommended Levels of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Associated With Cerebral Vessel Density, Flow

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Investigators evaluated the association between modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors at recommended levels and white matter hyperintensities and indices of cerebrovascular structure and function.

Characteristics Linked to Arterial Recanalization Following Alteplase Treatment in Ischemic Stroke

Characteristics Linked to Arterial Recanalization Following Alteplase Treatment in Ischemic Stroke

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Alteplase was associated with 30.4% success in recanalization, while only 13.3% who did not receive alteplase had success.

Independent Links for Genetics, Lifestyle With Incident Stroke

Independent Links for Genetics, Lifestyle With Incident Stroke

Genetic and lifestyle factors are independently associated with incident stroke among men and women aged 40 to 73 years.

Blood Pressure Screen in Down Syndrome May Help Identify Moyamoya Syndrome Risk

Blood Pressure Screen in Down Syndrome May Help Identify Moyamoya Syndrome Risk

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Higher blood pressure was predicted by higher posterior circulation involvement and bilateral disease.

Half of Women to Develop Stroke, Dementia, or Parkinsonism

Half of Women to Develop Stroke, Dementia, or Parkinsonism

One in two women and one in three men will develop dementia, stroke, or parkinsonism during their lifetime.

Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation Effective for Post-Stroke Dysphagia After Tracheotomy

Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation Effective for Post-Stroke Dysphagia After Tracheotomy

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A higher percentage of PES-treated participants were ready for decannulation compared with those assigned to sham control.

Montreal Cognitive Assessment Predicts Outcomes After Stroke

Montreal Cognitive Assessment Predicts Outcomes After Stroke

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment administered within seven days after stroke can predict long-term cognitive and functional outcome and mortality.

Anodal tDCS Offers Possible Benefit for Improving Item Recall in Post-Stroke Aphasia

Anodal tDCS Offers Possible Benefit for Improving Item Recall in Post-Stroke Aphasia

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Following adjustment, the mean change in correctly naming common objects was greater in patients undergoing A-tDCS vs sham tDCS.

Skills-Based Intervention Did Not Cut Systolic BP After Stroke, TIA

Skills-Based Intervention Did Not Cut Systolic BP After Stroke, TIA

A culturally tailored, skills-based educational intervention did not reduce systolic blood pressure at one year after stroke/transient ischemic attack.

Aggressive Blood Pressure Lowering in Intracerebral Hemorrhage May Be Harmful

Aggressive Blood Pressure Lowering in Intracerebral Hemorrhage May Be Harmful

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The avoidance of SBP <120 mm Hg in individuals with acute ICH may help prevent cerebral ischemia and neurologic deterioration.

Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein May Predict Risk for Recurrent Stroke

Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein May Predict Risk for Recurrent Stroke

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There are currently no other biomarkers that can predict the risk for recurrent stroke.

Models Predict Intracerebral Hemorrhage Growth

Models Predict Intracerebral Hemorrhage Growth

Models using 4 or 5 predictors have acceptable to good discrimination for determining additional intracerebral hemorrhage growth in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage.

Oxygen Desaturation Index Predicts AFib Risk in Ischemic Stroke

Oxygen Desaturation Index Predicts AFib Risk in Ischemic Stroke

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Investigators observed a significant association between atrial fibrillation and increasing oxygen desaturation index.

Sleep Duration, Stroke Link Varies With Race, Sex

Sleep Duration, Stroke Link Varies With Race, Sex

The association of sleep duration with incident stroke varies by race and sex.

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Recurrence High

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Recurrence High

The risk of recurrence after incident venous thromboembolism is high, particularly among patients with cancer-related venous thromboembolism.

Does Stroke Mechanism in HIV Vary According to Preceding CD4 Counts?

Does Stroke Mechanism in HIV Vary According to Preceding CD4 Counts?

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Strokes in people living with HIV are most frequently caused by large artery atherosclerosis.

Hospitals Using Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Program Offer Better Quality Care in Ischemic Stroke

Hospitals Using Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Program Offer Better Quality Care in Ischemic Stroke

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The Get With the Guidelines-Stroke program includes measures such as neurologist assessment, rehabilitation evaluation, and education on stroke risk factors.

Net Benefit of Anticoagulants for A-Fib Varies With Stroke Rate

Net Benefit of Anticoagulants for A-Fib Varies With Stroke Rate

There is variation in the net clinical benefit of anticoagulants based on variation in published atrial fibrillation stroke rates.

Electrical Exoskeleton-Assisted Gait Training Effective for Improving Ambulation After Stroke

Electrical Exoskeleton-Assisted Gait Training Effective for Improving Ambulation After Stroke

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Patients in the intervention group were fitted with an ambulatory exoskeleton, which works in accordance with the movements of the patient.

No Clear Benefit for Rivaroxaban After Hospital Discharge

No Clear Benefit for Rivaroxaban After Hospital Discharge

Rivaroxaban does not lower risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolism and related death in medical patients after hospital discharge, compared to placebo.

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