The broad pathology of sleep disorders can make diagnosis and treatment complicated.
Physical activity and cognitive status did not influence an insomnia diagnosis.
Researchers also observed thickening of gray matter in affected patients.
Sexsomnia, now recognized in DSM-5, can be distressing to relationships.
Patients should be counseled on sleep hygiene before considering prescription sleep aides.
Nocturnal seizures can easily be confused with parasomnias, including confusional arousals, cataplexy and REM sleep-behavior disorder.