Adults with Epilepsy Likely to Exhibit Symptoms of ADHD

Adults with epilepsy that have symptoms of ADHD have a lower quality of life.

To assess symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their impact among adults with epilepsy from a large community-based survey.

Adults who self-reported epilepsy were sent a postal survey including the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale version 6 (ASRS-6), Physicians Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Assessment 7 (GAD-7), and questions about seizure frequency and number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during the preceding 3 months.

Among 1,361 of respondents with active epilepsy, 18.4% (n = 251) were classified as ASRS+ and at risk for ADHD. Compared to ASRS− cases, ASRS+ individuals were more likely to have elevated depression and anxiety scores as well as greater seizure frequency and more AED use (p < 0.05 for all). 

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