HealthDay News — The rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are increased among minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged children, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Pediatrics.

Monika K. Goyal, M.D., from the Children’s National Hospital in Washington, D.C., and colleagues performed a cross-sectional study of children tested for SARS-CoV-2 from March 21 to April 28, 2020. The associations for patient race/ethnicity and estimated median family income (MFI) with SARS-CoV-2 infection and reported exposure to SARS-CoV-2 were examined.

The researchers found that 20.7 percent of the 1,000 children tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection were positive. Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic children had higher rates of infection than non-Hispanic whites (30.0 and 46.4 percent, respectively, versus 7.3 percent; adjusted odds ratios, 2.3 and 6.3, respectively). Infection rates were higher among children in quartiles 3, 2, and 1 compared with those in the highest quartile of MFI (23.7, 27.1, and 37.7 percent, respectively, versus 8.7 percent; adjusted odds ratios, 2.6, 2.3, and 2.4, respectively). There were differences noted in the rates of reported exposure to SARS-CoV-2 based on race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status.

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“Future research should confirm and extend this work by focusing on the modifiable reasons for these observed disparities as well as their differential impact in terms of SARS-CoV-2-related morbidity and mortality outcomes to mitigate the spread of infection and its health effects,” the authors write.

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