Researchers have developed a new diet that may significantly reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, even without strict adherence, according to a study published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association.
The diet is called the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet. The diet encourages the consumption of vegetables, nuts, berries, beans, whole grains, fish, poultry, olive oil, and wine. Foods that should be avoided include red meats, butter, margarine, cheese, pastries, sweets, and fried or fast food.
To test the diet, the researchers analyzed the food intake of 923 Chicago residents aged 58 to 98 who were part of the Rush Memory and Aging Project. The researchers looked at how closely each participant’s food questionnaires matched the MIND diet, Mediterranean diet, or DASH diet. They also looked at incidence of Alzheimer’s disease over an average follow-up of 4.5 years.
The results showed that all the participants who strictly followed one of the three diets had a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Compared with controls, the Mediterranean diet had a 54% lower risk, the MIND diet had a 53% lower risk, and the DASH diet had a 39% lower risk.
Among those who only moderately followed one of the diets, the risk of Alzheimer’s did not decrease for the Mediterranean or DASH diets. However, even moderately following the MIND diet still resulted in a 35% lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
While these results will need to be confirmed in further studies, the results are promising for Alzheimer’s disease prevention.
A new diet developed by researchers from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, IL, could significantly reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, even for those who do not follow it precisely.
This is the finding of a new study published inAlzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association.
The diet – called the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet — DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet — an eating plan based on studies supported by the National Institutes of Health – and the Mediterranean diet.