Non-Cognitive Symptoms Can Precede Dementia

Confused woman
Confused woman
Behavioral symptoms such as irritability and depression can signal eventual cognitive decline and dementia.

The purpose of this study was observe the natural time course of noncognitive symptoms before the onset of symptomatic Alzheimer disease dementia.

Using the National Alzheimer’s Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set from September 2005 to March 2013, data from cognitively normal individuals who were aged 50 years or older at first visit and had subsequent follow-up were analyzed. Survival analyses were used to examine the development of particular symptoms relative to each other on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q), Functional Activities Questionnaire, and Geriatric Depression Scale, and to compare the development of individual symptoms for persons who did and did not receive a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) >0 (indicating abnormal cognition) during the follow-up period.

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