Traumatic Brain Injury

Despite guidelines, use of CT for head trauma in children remains unchanged

The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network published clinical prediction rules in 2009 to identify children with head trauma for whom computed tomography neuroimaging can be avoided.

X-Rays, Blood Tests Not Advised for Children's Concussions

X-Rays, Blood Tests Not Advised for Children's Concussions

Routine X-rays and blood tests should not be used to diagnose children's concussions, new US government guidelines say.

New Guideline for Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis, Management

New Guideline for Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis, Management

By

Gradually increasing academic pursuits requires careful planning among the medical, school, and family units to enable prompt return and avoidance of prolonging school absence.

Helmets May Not Protect Skiers From Traumatic Brain Injury

Helmets May Not Protect Skiers From Traumatic Brain Injury

The use of helmets may not protect alpine sports participants from traumatic brain injury.

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

Individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury have increased risk of suicide.

Traumatic brain injury associated with higher rate of suicide

In this retrospective study, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) was associated with a doubling in deaths by suicide, especially within the 6 months post-TBI.

High-Sensitivity Blood Test May Help Rule Out Intracranial Injury

High-Sensitivity Blood Test May Help Rule Out Intracranial Injury

A combined test of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 and glial fibrillary acidic protein assay results has high sensitivity for detection of intracranial injury among patients with TBI.

Following World Cup, FIFA Must Make Concussion Treatment a Priority

Following World Cup, FIFA Must Make Concussion Treatment a Priority

By

Following the close of the 2018 World Cup, FIFA must consider how to better handle concussions moving forward.

US High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

US High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

The prevalence of concussion among US high school students related to playing a sport or being physically active is 15.1% per year.

Gaps in Care Post Discharge for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Gaps in Care Post Discharge for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

There are considerable gaps in follow-up care for patients with mild traumatic brain injury who have been discharged from the hospital.

Traumatic Brain Injury Without Loss of Consciousness Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Traumatic Brain Injury Without Loss of Consciousness Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

By

There was a shorter mean time from the index date to the dementia diagnosis among those with traumatic brain injury vs those without traumatic brain injury.

Unmet Therapy Needs Common in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury

Unmet Therapy Needs Common in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury

By

Children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury tend to have unmet needs for educational and rehabilitation services approximately 2 years after a traumatic brain injury event.

Concussion Misdiagnosis Associated With Emergency Department Stay, Injury Type

Concussion Misdiagnosis Associated With Emergency Department Stay, Injury Type

By

Approximately 16% of patients who met the WHO's concussion criteria did not receive a concussion diagnosis.

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to Increased Parkinson Disease Risk in Veterans

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to Increased Parkinson Disease Risk in Veterans

By

Patients with TBI had a higher incidence of PD compared with patients without TBI.

Sports-Related Concussion Outcomes Predicted With Serum Neurofilament Light

Sports-Related Concussion Outcomes Predicted With Serum Neurofilament Light

By

The investigators sought to compare NfL and tau as blood biomarkers for acute SRC and to establish whether their concentrations at various time points following the injury are linked to prolonged time to return to play.

Mild TBI May Increase Risk of Parkinson Disease

Mild TBI May Increase Risk of Parkinson Disease

Mild traumatic brain injury is associated with increased risk of Parkinson disease among military veterans.

Isolated vomiting not linked to clinically important TBI in children

Isolated vomiting was not associated with clinically important TBI or evidence of TBI on computed tomography scans among pediatric patients with head injury.

Hypercapnic Acidosis Associated With Increased Mortality Risk in Acute Cerebral Injury

Hypercapnic Acidosis Associated With Increased Mortality Risk in Acute Cerebral Injury

By

Hypercapnic acidosis may be associated with increased mortality in mechanically ventilated patients with acute cerebral injury.

Baseline Neurocognitive Testing May Be Misleading in Concussion Evaluation

Baseline Neurocognitive Testing May Be Misleading in Concussion Evaluation

By

The researchers suggest a need for EVI recalibration to adjust for potential associations between examinee age and assessment context.

Traumatic Brain Injury Rare for Children With Isolated Vomiting

Traumatic Brain Injury Rare for Children With Isolated Vomiting

Children presenting with head injury with isolated vomiting rarely have clinically important TBI.

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Risk of Secondary ADHD Higher After Childhood TBI

Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.

Trauma Center Care Associated With Improved Head Injury Outcomes

Trauma Center Care Associated With Improved Head Injury Outcomes

Patients with severe head injury have better outcomes if they are treated in trauma centers.

FDA Approves Blood Test to Assess Concussion

FDA Approves Blood Test to Assess Concussion

By

The FDA has approved the Brain Trauma Indicator to evaluate mild TBI in adults.

Significant Head Injury Reported in 7 Percent of Children: CDC

Significant Head Injury Reported in 7 Percent of Children: CDC

Less than 10% of boys and girls aged 3-17 have ever had a significant head injury in 2016.

Mortality Risk Similar for Players With Long, Short NFL Careers

Mortality Risk Similar for Players With Long, Short NFL Careers

Career participation in football is not associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality compared with limited participation.

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Traumatic brain injury is associated with an inreased risk of dementia.

Traumatic Brain Injury Tauopathy Can Be Induced by Closed-Head Impact

Traumatic Brain Injury Tauopathy Can Be Induced by Closed-Head Impact

TBI-related tauopathy can be induced by closed-head impact injuries independent of concussive signs.

Managing Chronic Pain Associated With Traumatic Brain Injury

Managing Chronic Pain Associated With Traumatic Brain Injury

By

Chronic pain is common after traumatic brain injury.

CTE Confirmed With Antemortem PET Imaging, Autopsy in Professional Football Player

CTE Confirmed With Antemortem PET Imaging, Autopsy in Professional Football Player

By

The findings suggest that [F-18]FDDNP-PET imaging can be used to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy in at-risk patients.

White Matter Structure Influenced by Football Career Length, Position

White Matter Structure Influenced by Football Career Length, Position

In former professional football players, career length and playing position seem to modify the effects of concussion history on white matter structure.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters



CME Focus