Traumatic Brain Injury
The FDA has approved the Brain Trauma Indicator to evaluate mild TBI in adults.
Less than 10% of boys and girls aged 3-17 have ever had a significant head injury in 2016.
Career participation in football is not associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality compared with limited participation.
Traumatic brain injury is associated with an inreased risk of dementia.
TBI-related tauopathy can be induced by closed-head impact injuries independent of concussive signs.
Chronic pain is common after traumatic brain injury.
The findings suggest that [F-18]FDDNP-PET imaging can be used to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy in at-risk patients.
In former professional football players, career length and playing position seem to modify the effects of concussion history on white matter structure.
For patients with comorbid depression and TBI, NILT is effective in bringing remission.
Presport evaluations are a great opportunity to check in with players about their mental health, and to guide those who are suffering to the relevant specialist.
Risk for mortality in posttraumatic epilepsy is high, and negative outcomes affecting cognitive, affective, and physical function are common.
Concussion during adolescence increases multiple sclerosis diagnosis risk.
For pediatric patients with TBI, there is no apparent benefit of ICP monitoring for improving functional survival.
For adolescents, contact sports increase the risk of brain health complications.
A set of biomarkers is associated with cognition in male professional fighters.
Abnormal menstruation is more likely to be caused by a sports-associated concussion than a non-head injury.
Memantine is linked to reduced neuronal damage for patients with moderate traumatic brain injury.
The findings add to a growing body of evidence that shows a strong connection between pathological findings of CTE and athletes who suffer repeated head trauma.
Consciousness may be detected in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries who appear unconscious, using fMRI and EEGs.
Abnormal menstrual patterns in young women tend to occur more frequently following concussion.
Children in the youngest age group consistently reported worse scores on all measures than those in the highest age group.
Above-average dementia risk was observed among all participants with traumatic brain injury.
While post-traumatic headache (PTH) often resolves within 3 months, a substantial number of patients experience chronic PTH.
There was a high level of agreement in examination findings between remote and face-to-face providers.
The longitudinal trajectories in the TBI-slow group diverged from the normal group with widespread increases in mean, radial, and axial diffusivity.
In future research, it will be important to examine whether more subtle, transient CNS changes occur in the absence of severe CNS symptoms.
Despite feeling recovered from their concussion, participants were likely to drive erratically.
Female athletes face a greater incidence of and longer recovery time from concussion compared with males.
In people who are genetically at-risk for Alzheimer's, concussions appear to accelerate brain changes associated with the disease.
Participants who performed light, moderate, or full-contact activity had a lower risk for postconcussive symptoms.
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