Traumatic Brain Injury
The prevalence of concussion among US high school students related to playing a sport or being physically active is 15.1% per year.
There are considerable gaps in follow-up care for patients with mild traumatic brain injury who have been discharged from the hospital.
There was a shorter mean time from the index date to the dementia diagnosis among those with traumatic brain injury vs those without traumatic brain injury.
Children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury tend to have unmet needs for educational and rehabilitation services approximately 2 years after a traumatic brain injury event.
Approximately 16% of patients who met the WHO's concussion criteria did not receive a concussion diagnosis.
Patients with TBI had a higher incidence of PD compared with patients without TBI.
The investigators sought to compare NfL and tau as blood biomarkers for acute SRC and to establish whether their concentrations at various time points following the injury are linked to prolonged time to return to play.
Mild traumatic brain injury is associated with increased risk of Parkinson disease among military veterans.
Isolated vomiting was not associated with clinically important TBI or evidence of TBI on computed tomography scans among pediatric patients with head injury.
Hypercapnic acidosis may be associated with increased mortality in mechanically ventilated patients with acute cerebral injury.
The researchers suggest a need for EVI recalibration to adjust for potential associations between examinee age and assessment context.
Children presenting with head injury with isolated vomiting rarely have clinically important TBI.
Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury increases secondary ADHD risk.
Patients with severe head injury have better outcomes if they are treated in trauma centers.
The FDA has approved the Brain Trauma Indicator to evaluate mild TBI in adults.
Less than 10% of boys and girls aged 3-17 have ever had a significant head injury in 2016.
Career participation in football is not associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality compared with limited participation.
Traumatic brain injury is associated with an inreased risk of dementia.
TBI-related tauopathy can be induced by closed-head impact injuries independent of concussive signs.
Chronic pain is common after traumatic brain injury.
The findings suggest that [F-18]FDDNP-PET imaging can be used to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy in at-risk patients.
In former professional football players, career length and playing position seem to modify the effects of concussion history on white matter structure.
For patients with comorbid depression and TBI, NILT is effective in bringing remission.
Presport evaluations are a great opportunity to check in with players about their mental health, and to guide those who are suffering to the relevant specialist.
Risk for mortality in posttraumatic epilepsy is high, and negative outcomes affecting cognitive, affective, and physical function are common.
Concussion during adolescence increases multiple sclerosis diagnosis risk.
For pediatric patients with TBI, there is no apparent benefit of ICP monitoring for improving functional survival.
For adolescents, contact sports increase the risk of brain health complications.
A set of biomarkers is associated with cognition in male professional fighters.
Abnormal menstruation is more likely to be caused by a sports-associated concussion than a non-head injury.
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