Traumatic Brain Injury

Sub-Concussive Hits May Not Be Tied to Neurocognitive Changes

Sub-Concussive Hits May Not Be Tied to Neurocognitive Changes

Sub-concussive head impacts suffered over the course of a single season of youth tackle football may not be associated with neurocognitive functional outcomes.

No Drop Seen in CT Use for Pediatric Head Trauma

No Drop Seen in CT Use for Pediatric Head Trauma

CT neuroimaging did not decrease from 2007 to 2015 among pediatric patients evaluated in the emergency department for head injury.

Ivy League Rule Change Linked to Fewer Concussions During NCAA Football Games

Ivy League Rule Change Linked to Fewer Concussions During NCAA Football Games

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A 2016 experimental rule change in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Ivy League play has been linked to a reduction in concussions among players.

Compression Collar May Protect Brain of Female Soccer Players

Compression Collar May Protect Brain of Female Soccer Players

A jugular vein compression collar can prevent white matter alterations associated with head impact exposure among female high school soccer players.

Age, Sex Affect Extended Post-Concussion Symptoms in Children

Age, Sex Affect Extended Post-Concussion Symptoms in Children

Age, sex, and family factors play a role in the persistence of post-concussion symptoms one year after injury.

Prevalence of TBI 2.5% Among  US Children

Prevalence of TBI 2.5% Among US Children

The prevalence of traumatic brain injury is 2.5% among US children, and TBI is associated with several health conditions.

Percentile-Based Systolic Blood Pressure Targets Better Identify Hypotension in Severe Pediatric TBI

Percentile-Based Systolic Blood Pressure Targets Better Identify Hypotension in Severe Pediatric TBI

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The investigators observed an increased risk for in-hospital mortality among patients with systolic blood pressure in the <75th percentile across all ages.

Heading a Soccer Ball Found to Be Riskier for Female Players

Heading a Soccer Ball Found to Be Riskier for Female Players

Female soccer players exhibit more widespread evidence of microstructural white matter alteration than males, despite having similar exposure to heading.

Head CT Decision Aid Ups Parent Knowledge in Child Head Trauma

Head CT Decision Aid Ups Parent Knowledge in Child Head Trauma

Use of a decision aid can improve parent knowledge for children with minor head injury at intermediate risk of clinically important traumatic brain injury.

Repeat CT Common in Peds Traumatic Epidural Hematoma

Repeat CT Common in Peds Traumatic Epidural Hematoma

For children with traumatic epidural hematomas (EDHs), repeated computed tomography imaging is common, but rarely impacts management.

Combination Biomarker Test May Help Rule Out Head CT in Traumatic Brain Injury

Combination Biomarker Test May Help Rule Out Head CT in Traumatic Brain Injury

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Intracranial injuries were detected on head CT in 6% of patients, whereas neurosurgically manageable injuries were found in <1% of patients.

Despite guidelines, use of CT for head trauma in children remains unchanged

The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network published clinical prediction rules in 2009 to identify children with head trauma for whom computed tomography neuroimaging can be avoided.

X-Rays, Blood Tests Not Advised for Children's Concussions

X-Rays, Blood Tests Not Advised for Children's Concussions

Routine X-rays and blood tests should not be used to diagnose children's concussions, new US government guidelines say.

New Guideline for Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis, Management

New Guideline for Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis, Management

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Gradually increasing academic pursuits requires careful planning among the medical, school, and family units to enable prompt return and avoidance of prolonging school absence.

Helmets May Not Protect Skiers From Traumatic Brain Injury

Helmets May Not Protect Skiers From Traumatic Brain Injury

The use of helmets may not protect alpine sports participants from traumatic brain injury.

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

Individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury have increased risk of suicide.

Traumatic brain injury associated with higher rate of suicide

In this retrospective study, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) was associated with a doubling in deaths by suicide, especially within the 6 months post-TBI.

High-Sensitivity Blood Test May Help Rule Out Intracranial Injury

High-Sensitivity Blood Test May Help Rule Out Intracranial Injury

A combined test of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 and glial fibrillary acidic protein assay results has high sensitivity for detection of intracranial injury among patients with TBI.

Following World Cup, FIFA Must Make Concussion Treatment a Priority

Following World Cup, FIFA Must Make Concussion Treatment a Priority

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Following the close of the 2018 World Cup, FIFA must consider how to better handle concussions moving forward.

US High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

US High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

The prevalence of concussion among US high school students related to playing a sport or being physically active is 15.1% per year.

Gaps in Care Post Discharge for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Gaps in Care Post Discharge for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

There are considerable gaps in follow-up care for patients with mild traumatic brain injury who have been discharged from the hospital.

Traumatic Brain Injury Without Loss of Consciousness Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

Traumatic Brain Injury Without Loss of Consciousness Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

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There was a shorter mean time from the index date to the dementia diagnosis among those with traumatic brain injury vs those without traumatic brain injury.

Unmet Therapy Needs Common in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury

Unmet Therapy Needs Common in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury

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Children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury tend to have unmet needs for educational and rehabilitation services approximately 2 years after a traumatic brain injury event.

Concussion Misdiagnosis Associated With Emergency Department Stay, Injury Type

Concussion Misdiagnosis Associated With Emergency Department Stay, Injury Type

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Approximately 16% of patients who met the WHO's concussion criteria did not receive a concussion diagnosis.

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to Increased Parkinson Disease Risk in Veterans

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to Increased Parkinson Disease Risk in Veterans

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Patients with TBI had a higher incidence of PD compared with patients without TBI.

Sports-Related Concussion Outcomes Predicted With Serum Neurofilament Light

Sports-Related Concussion Outcomes Predicted With Serum Neurofilament Light

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The investigators sought to compare NfL and tau as blood biomarkers for acute SRC and to establish whether their concentrations at various time points following the injury are linked to prolonged time to return to play.

Mild TBI May Increase Risk of Parkinson Disease

Mild TBI May Increase Risk of Parkinson Disease

Mild traumatic brain injury is associated with increased risk of Parkinson disease among military veterans.

Isolated vomiting not linked to clinically important TBI in children

Isolated vomiting was not associated with clinically important TBI or evidence of TBI on computed tomography scans among pediatric patients with head injury.

Hypercapnic Acidosis Associated With Increased Mortality Risk in Acute Cerebral Injury

Hypercapnic Acidosis Associated With Increased Mortality Risk in Acute Cerebral Injury

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Hypercapnic acidosis may be associated with increased mortality in mechanically ventilated patients with acute cerebral injury.

Baseline Neurocognitive Testing May Be Misleading in Concussion Evaluation

Baseline Neurocognitive Testing May Be Misleading in Concussion Evaluation

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The researchers suggest a need for EVI recalibration to adjust for potential associations between examinee age and assessment context.

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